Function of various part of centre lathe machine The main parts consist of a platform lathes, head stock, tailstock, quick change gear box and the car. 6.2.1 Runway (A) The platform is the backbone of a lathe machine. The accuracy depends on the rigidity of lathe machines, alignment and precision on course.


(B) The top platform can be V-shaped or flat and located on top of other equipment such as tools front, the front car and tools. (C) The platform is made of high quality cast iron. Heat treatment done on it so that violence can wear resistant.


(A) This section is located on the left side of the machine platform. (B) the main Spindal the form of a hollow shaft which is supported by a number of bearings located in this section. The end of the spindal or nose to drop out of the front tool-shaped tapered type, types of threads or cam type of key (kam lock) (C) At the end of this spindal some tool like larva, living centered plate lathe and can be installed and used discretion to hold a workpiece or component to be lathed. (D) To rotate the main spindal, tools forward with a series of pulleys or gear range. Tools gear forward with more speed and more accurate range of rotation than before the pulley tools. Furthermore, the pulley can be derailed when exposed to oil, and cause results that do not run flat or smooth.

(B) screw driver is used to develop the car while cutting threads. Transmitter shaft was used during a particular transmission rate automatically.4 QUICK CHANGE GEAR BOX (A) the gear box is located on the left front of the platform and tools below. (C) site behind machined with precision tools that can accurately track placed above. It can be mobilized along the track and can also be locked in any desired position.TAILSTOCK (A) This section is located on the right track. Morse taper cutter handle. Equipment behind consisting of two main parts. 6. (B) In the body there is a tapering spindal Morse standards.2. the body and the base. On site there are two screws which are used to align the coordinator of parallelism between centre dead and alive or offset centre tools turning back so with this method. This box has a number of multi-size gears to rotate the shaft of the screw driver or the sender. such as drill and reamers can be installed on the spindal. .

When both these bolts can be loosened combine cross-slide place on the desired angle. . In this way. A hand lever fitted with a pinion mesh with the rack is located under the platform. but the short sharp tapering can lathe. Apron has some gear and equipment used to control movement and slide latitude intervals. The hand lever is rotated as to move the car by hand (manually). Cross-slide (B)Apron (5) Part apron fitted with a bolt before the interval. Overall the car and cross-slide can be moved automatically or manually (C) cross-slide (3) Pillar of the tool is installed on slide join. At the end of the latitude and slide join slide fitted with collars that marked precision cutting depth can be adjusted accurately. slide join slide is installed on the cross with two bolts.CAR (A) Bed This section is cast in the form of the letter H and can be moved on rails.

An adapter plate that has threads and the same shape. (b) the external threads on the nozzle spindal not damaged or chipped. are mounted on the rear choke. because this will cause the larva can not be installed. Three types of nozzles spindal are: Threaded ( jenis Berulir) Spindal nozzle threaded type normally found in small machines and the old. If not. . Accessories such as various types of larva and the nozzle plate attached to this lathe. During this choke in the nozzle install spindal two things to note are: external and internal threads must be clean. installation will be inaccurate. There are threads on the nozzle is usually the type of 'V'. Nozzle types spindal There are three types of nozzles which are common spindal on lathes.WORK PIECE HELD TO THE LATHE MACHINE Method to hold the workpiece in centre.

In use. Tyre is sharp and allows accessories such as lathe pyrene choke and cleaned and installed or removed quickly. Kam-Lock Spindal nozzle surface has three or six holes way. One key to place the nozzle tapered use choke or plate lathe in the correct position. Threaded ring of keys that are used to bind spindal choke on the main machine. .Amerika tapered(tirus amerika) This spindal nozzle American tapered standard 89 mm for each 305 mm (3. Function of this hole is to place and lock the cam stud key is in the accessory must be installed. the type of lock is the village quickly than others. Went a partial spinlock will release the stud and allows accessories to be spent quickly and easily.5 inch for each foot).

Holding workpiece using choke 3 jaws € The chart below shows the three methods used to hold workpiece with three jaw choke. Rounded workpiece shape of a hexagon can be held with the three-jaw choke. . However. be careful when using the techniques shown in the figure (a) and (c) because this method may be slipping out of work if the delivery excessive cutting depth and done.

. Two more exact way is to help gauge the surface and the dial gauge. The concentration of roughly the workpiece can be done with the help of the existing curve in the face of concentric choke. Workpiece can be held with more precision with this type of larva larva three jaws.Methods of work of the choke hold four jaw € The chart below shows the three methods used to hold the workpiece with a choke four jaws.

Methods of work of the choke hold kolet The chart below shows the method works with the choke hold the inner kolet type of 'draw back'. . This process allows kolet grip on the workpiece with a more precise and accurate. Kolet larva is usually used to hold and machining of small components quickly and accurately. To lock. pull bar is rotated and this causes kolet drawn into the tapered sleeve.

These accessories are the most suitable once used to support the workpiece to be machined in length and at the end. Usually the length of the workpiece 3 times the diameter to be supported by a prop centered to prevent the workpiece from the bend or spring (spring).Holds with fixed prop The chart below shows the workpiece holding method with a fixed prop. .

. Moving prop prevent workpiece spring at the position of the tool during machining process is ongoing. And suitable for use when turning parallel to the diameter of the workpiece small and long.Holds the moving prop The chart below shows the method supports the use of travel time long turning of the workpiece.

one end choke hold on the jaw and the other three attached to the spider. spider usually used to support a long pipe or tube. at the center there are holes where the center spider installed.Spider € Picture below show a spider and its use. .

This shaft may have been machined with precision and smooth. Cat head serve as advocates and packing for a long shaft. With the use cat head shaft surface can be avoided from scratches during turning. Hexagonal shaft length can also be fitted with head propped cat so easily. .Cat head € The chart below shows the cat head. This tool should be used with with a fixed prop.

This angle depends on the types of cut materials. (This angle is positive or negative slope. see figure). Top of the corner for soft materials such as brass is greater than such as mild steel materials.Angle of tool bit tip SUDUT SADAK ATAS (top rake) € The main function of this angle is in the current scroll production run is made. To machine the too hard or soft on the proposed angle-angle negative .

example. finishing and so on. but this will affect the production of scroll and will increase the burden on the tool . Small angle rake and negative side to strengthen the cutting angle. but weaken the cutting angle.Sudut sadak tepi (side rake) € This angle depends on the material lathe and type of operation performed. Large corner enable the scroll out easily and reduce friction. rough turning.

. The size of this angle depends on the rate of the square and the diameter of machined work. If the angle is too small. inflammable and fracture. the tool will be up against the material work and will not cut well and produce a finish Gross.Sudut telusan hadapan € Angle of the tool prevents the front up against the workpiece machined. If too large. the points of the tool will become weak.

On the other hand this point is added if in vibration. This angle can be reduced in the event of chatter (chatter). . For steel workpiece angle is between 6 and 10 and for harder materials the angle is 4.Sudut telusan tepi € µTelusan¶ angle depends on the hardness of the material side of the lathe and rates cake cutting.

mislnya operation of turning polygonal.angle cutters edge(sudut pemotong tepi) € This angle is between 10 and 25 and depending on the application. if the angle cutting edge is too large will cause the tool vibrate. . rough turning and so on.

For ordinary turning angle is between 15 and 30. . Small angle of the tool tip will strengthen. Large angle of the tool dikilas left shoulder and turning operations that run almost to choke can done.Cutting Angle of the End € This angle can be changed by the application. For rough turning suduut 5 to 15 are used.

SHAPE OF TOOL BIT € € € € € Common cutting tool ( Mata alat pemotongan biasa) Flute tool (Mata alat melurah) Stringy tool ( Mata alat membenang) -Type 'V' (Jenis µV¶) -Acme-type (Jenis Acme) -Type Buttres (Jenis Buttres) -Type angular (Jenis Bersegi) Throwaway (Mata alat jenis sisip) Bore tool (Mata alat menggerek) .

Drilling . . knurling. cut screw thread and turn off center € Boring Operations is a process of enlarging bore holes have been drilled.Boring. to turn pointed .

Drilling € Workpiece held on the choke or have been installed on the plate surface can be drilled quickly and accurately .

.Knurling € Knurling or in other words is like a flower is a process pattern formation in a cylinder.

To turn turning € Tapering can be considered as a uniform change in diameter of the workpiece is measured parallel to the axis .

Screw-thread € The new machines now do not have to be calculated and fitted with networks gear. .

.Turn off centre € There are two methods for turning nonconcentric / eccentric turning of the using a choke hold four jaw and methods between the workpiece centred.

Pictures Of Lathe Machines .