ART NOUVEAU

18901890- 1914

Presented by : Bharti sharma  Ileshaa Khemani  Rachita Malhotra  Sonal sharma  Soubam Tikendrajit Singh  Surabhi Rai

An international art movement and style of decoration and architecture. These might also be described as foliate forms. the Middle Ages. A new style in the visual arts and architecture that developed in Europe and North America at the end of the nineteenth century at the 1900 World s Fair in Paris. Characterized particularly by the curvilinear depiction of leaves and flowers. and non-geometric.Developments in wrought iron technology .‡ A French term for "The New Art . INSPIRATION: .Structural rationalism. with sinuous lines. Rococo ‡ ‡ ‡ . "whiplash" curves. often in the form of vines.Arts and Crafts movement (William Morris) .Japan.

Extensive use of arches and curved forms . Characteristic features of Art Nouveau buildings :.Curved glass . plant-like embellishments .Japanese motifs .Asymmetrical shapes .Curving.Mosaics .‡ This movement was the first attempt to replace the classical system of architecture and the decorative arts (The Beaux Arts academies teaching). ‡ The aim of Art Nouveau was to eliminate the distinction between the major and minor arts. ‡ They wished to unify all arts in order to settle on the theme of man s place in life and the world.Stained glass .

after British art nouveau designer Arthur Lasenby Liberty Spain .Modernisme Austria . ‡ An attempt to create an international decorative style that was appropriate for the modern age. ‡ Artists fused together elements of the new urban life with traditional spirituality. many of which developed their own names for the style:France Italy . after French designer Hector Guimard . which had expanded rapidly during the last third of the 19th century. and fantasy.‡ Art Nouveau was mainly a response to the Industrial Revolution. created to decorate the streets and interiors of modern industrial cities.Stile floreale (floral style) or stile Liberty. ‡ Art nouveau flourished in a number of European countries. myth. the movement straddled the fence between the past and future. ‡ Urban style.Sezessionstil (secession style) Germany .Jugendstil (youth style) .Guimard.

‡Though Art Nouveau designers selected and 'modernised' some of the more abstract elements of Rococo style. grasses. and decorative mouldings 'grow' into plant-derived forms. arches and doors are common. they also advocated the use of very stylised organic forms as a source of inspiration.Glass art was a topic in which the style found tremendous expression. Major French potters include: Ernest Chaplet. Art Nouveau sought to harmonise its forms. such as the oxblood glaze. ‡ Hyperbolas and parabolas in windows. expanding the 'natural' repertoire to use seaweed. Taxile Doat etc.Architecture during Art Nouveau :‡ Like most design styles.Art nouveau ceramics were influenced by the work of Japan. and entirely new methods were developed. and insects New MaterialsGlass . It was a period where lost techniques were rediscovered. ‡ Art Nouveau in architecture and interior design avoided the eclectic revival styles of the 19th century. such as flame and shell textures. the works of Charles Rennie Mackintosh in Glasgow. and Émile Gallé and the Daum brothers in France. Ceramic . for example. .

1942) ‡ Most prominent architect of French art nouveau movement ‡ Integrated the new decorative principles into a coherent architectural style ‡ Stronger allegiance to Viollet-le-Duc ( structural rationalism) even than Horta s designs . ‡ The World's Fair (Exposition Universelle) held in Paris in 1900 announced Art Nouveau as a significant new style in architecture and design Famous architectHector Guimard (1867.PARIS. FRANCE ‡ Most important artistic center in Europe at this time.

Paris ( 1890) Paris Metropolitan Entrances ( 1899.MAJOR WORKS Hector Guimard Castel Beranger.1905) Pushed the analogy between metal structure and plant form Graceful asymmetrical wrought iron entry gate Structure made of iron and glass carefully crafted into graceful organic forms .

but employed it to create distinctly new forms Famous architectVictor Horta Henry van de Velde Famous painterHenry van de Velde .BRUSSELS. free from the historical references of prevailing traditions. ‡ Belgian designers created a new style. and Art Nouveau became the style most representative of the transformation. BELGUIM ‡ Many earliest and most important creations were either made or exhibited in the city. ‡ They utilized standard wrought iron and cast-iron technology. ‡ The city underwent great change.

Brussels (1892-1893) Street facade plan of entry and vestibule showing mosaic floor ‡ First fully developed example of Art Nouveau architecture ‡ Revealed the structural column that supports the second floor transformed its cast-iron form into a plantlike stem that terminates in a burst of intertwined tendrils as it connects with other structural elements.Major work -Victor Horta Tassel House. Section .

use of white. occasional deep tones Famous architectCharles Rennie Mackintosh ‡ He proposed a revolution against the Victorian style that dubbed the city with its geometric shapes and lines. in favour of more curvatures and free lines of the Art Nouveau movement. ‡ Mackintosh created buildings notable for the elegance and clarity of their spatial concepts. decorative value of the line. and skillful detailing. and ethnic pride all played their part in the particular strain of Art Nouveau that emerged there. highly stylized blend of figurative and plant forms. He felt that each design should work as a whole to which each carefully contrived detail contributes . ‡ Inspired by Japanese art. modernity. the skillful exploitation of natural and artificial lighting. severe rectilinear geometry.GLASGOW. SCOTLAND ‡ Elements of vigorous industrialism. light pastel colors.

Helensburgh. and ornamental tile inserts give an elegance and lightness appropriate for its purpose. Hill house.Major works . Glasgow Compositional extrusions in the simple major volumes which focus views and bring in light.Charles Rennie Mackintosh Willow tea room. Scotland . Scotland Stucco white with small paned windows. Subtly crafted asymmetric facade Glasgow school of arts. iron standards and window braces.

‡ Characterized by a restrained linearity and elegance. AUSTRIA ‡ It is known as the Secession style ‡ Broke free from the conventions and constraints of existing Viennese art establishments by breaking down the barriers between art. design. and craft. Famous architectJosef hoffmann Otto wagner Famous painterGustave klimt Tree of life by Gustav Klimt . ‡ Influenced by the geometry of the Glasgow school and the simplicity of Japanese design.VIENNA.

‡ Cultural and personal anxieties at the core of his architecture will fascinate the surrealists in 1930s.SPAIN Famous architectAntoni Gaudi Casa Milá apartment complex (1905-1907. ‡ Gaudí created the illusion of a limestone reef hollowed out by centuries of seawater. subjective architecture that became a popular symbol of national identity. PLAN . ‡ Intimate. ‡ Structure imitates irregular forms found in nature. Barcelona) ‡ Floral designs cover the building façade ‡ Broken tiles glitter on the rippling surface of the towers. there is not one straight line in the façade. Although the entire complex was executed in cut stone.

an element that was rather different from the naturalistic style of the time. ‡ One feature of Jugendstil is the typography used. and exhibition posters. advertisements. The term came from the title of the Munich periodical Die Jugend (The Youth). GERMANY ‡ Jugendstil was the name given to Art Nouveau in Germany. Designers often used unique display typefaces that worked harmoniously with the image. Art Nouveau was a complex style that found expression in a number of different approaches ‡ The style uses precise and hard edges. as elsewhere. The combination was used for covers of novels. Famous artistOtto Eckmann Hermann Obrist August Endell The villa Schutzenberger in Strasbourg by Berninger & Krafft A sculpture by Hermann obrist Five swans by otto eckmann . ‡ In Munich.MUNICH. the letter and image combination of which is unmistakable.

‡ As art nouveau designers erased the barrier between fine arts and applied arts. streamlined forms of modernism. ‡ It occurred at a time when mass-produced consumer goods began to fill the marketplace. and artists began to understand that the handcrafted work of centuries past could be lost. ‡ Although the stylistic elements of art nouveau evolved into the simpler. architects. a Dutch design movement in the 1920s. ‡ A variety of ensuing movements continued to explore integrated design. . art nouveau designers simultaneously rejected traditional styles in favor of new. including De Stijl. the fundamental art nouveau concept of a thoroughly integrated environment remains an important part of contemporary design. ‡ In this integrated approach art nouveau had its deepest influence. ‡ While reclaiming this craft tradition. they applied good design to all aspects of living from architecture to silverware to painting. and designers.The Impact of Art Nouveau ‡ Represents the beginning of modernism in design. and the German Bauhaus school in the 1920s and 1930s. organic forms that emphasized humanity's connection to nature.

WOOD IRON STOOL ART NOUVEAU INDIA MUCHA MOTIF 1910 Constructed from recycled materials around 1910. . this is a genuine Art Nouveau period stool with a carved seat and legs in wood. with an Alphonse Mucha Art Nouveau cartouche of huge blooming sunflowers burnished right into and on the smoothly carved wooden seat topped with Devan gar abugida script.

while Hell is left for those who deviate from God's will . a multitude of towers and three portals. Catalan Modernism and to Art Nouveau or Catalan Noucentisme The Sagrada Familia has a great complexity of parts. and Glory. an ambulatory with a chevet of seven apsidal chapels. It will be the principal façade and will offer access to the central nave. which include double aisles. Final Judgment. it represents the road to God: Death.La Sagrada Familia The style of la Sagrada Familia is variously likened to Spanish Late Gothic. Glory Façade The largest and most striking of the facades will be the Glory Façade. on which construction began in 2002. Dedicated to the Celestial Glory of Jesus.

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