Student Presentations Soc 202
YOU MUST EMAIL YOUR PRESENTATION (PPT) TO SJSILLS@UNCG THE DAY BEFORE YOUR PRESENTATION IS TO BE PRESENTED (BY 5 PM) Current Events Presentations: During the last week of class you will present 3 Power Point slides recapping the major current events in your topic area. The class will be involved in scoring your presentation. A selection of test questions on the final exam will be generated from these presentations. This assignment is worth a total of 100 points (10%of final grade - 50pts from Sills, 40pts from class, 10pts from your participation in scoring). Scoring is based on: Organization- Student presents information in logical, interesting sequence which audience can follow. Content Knowledge - Student demonstrates full knowledge (more than required) with explanations and elaboration. Visuals Student used visuals to reinforce screen text and presentation. Mechanics - Presentation has no misspellings or grammatical errors. Delivery - Student used a clear voice and correct, precise pronunciation of terms. YOU MUST EMAIL YOUR PRESENTATION (PPT) TO SJSILLS@UNCG THE DAY BEFORE YOUR PRESENTATION IS TO BE PRESENTED (BY 5 PM)
Muslim = Terrorist?
-House Speaker Nancy Pelosi in Syria
- Muslim Woman who was harassed in Wal-Mart
Religious Right: Stance on Fiction?
• • •
Left: When released Harry Potter and The Sorcerer's Stone was attacked for its “witchcraft” by the Religious Right Right: The Golden Compass is the latest work of fiction deemed “Anti-Catholic” and “Anti-Christianity” http://youtube.com/watch?v=kriZVfpt5g4
Religion and ethnicity play a larger role than we are aware of from our nation’s elections, to our entertainment, to where we live, and even to the education of our children. Chances are the person sitting next to you has a completely different background from you religiously and ethnically …..
Religion and Ethnicity
The question is can we all
Religion and ethnicity in politics
There are two main religion gaps one based on religious affiliation and the other based on frequency of attendance at church. These will play a major role in 2008 What should a candidate be judged on? ability to run the country or religious affiliation…
New York Times poll showed 70% of white evangelical voters pulled the republican lever in 2006 mid-term elections. Masses have the power. Another big issue : Romney
Religion and Ethnicity are all around us…
Where we live:
London’s neighborhoods segregated by religion rather than ethnicity or race
And how we learn
Ethnic camps for children, a good thing.
What we watch and read
What about The first Amendment? Religion and Ethnicity relate to one another in many ways both good and bad. Acknowledging these relationships as different but important will benefit all kinds tremendously.
Technology & Energy
• Solar Energy
- the best and easiest option - also infinite - cut down the use of the our natural resources that are not as abundant as solar energy.
• Geothermal Energy
- energy harnessed is clean and safe for the surrounding environment - geothermal energy is extremely price competitive in some areas and reduces reliance on fossil fuels and their inherent price unpredictability.
• Can be helpful but not a key factor in conserving energy • Types of technology
- Sony Sugar-based Bio-Battery Prototype
- generates electricity from carbohydrate sources, while utilizing enzymes as its catalyst
- The MACH-Stat system
- having reduced energy use by 50% or more, as well as cutting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions - Waterflooding Technology - improves sweep efficiency allowing for greater amounts of oil to be displaced and ultimately extracted
• Through the current events I have learned - Different resources for energy use - The use of technology that will help in conserving energy - Conserving energy is important because our current situation is ruining the world.
• • • Mega City Hyper-urbanization “Sun-Belt”
Key Places (a.k.a. Megacities!)
• • • • • • • • • New York London Hong Kong Tokyo Mexico City Sao Paulo Shanghai Mumbai Lagos
•Rapid Urbanization Increasing Armed Violence •Israel’s Bedouins Want Their Land and Resist Urbanization •Urban Expansion Spurring Crime •Growing Desperation in the Mega Cities •Architects aren’t ready for an Urbanized Planet
World Population Facts
Total population (thousands) Year 1950
1955 1960 1965 1970
Rural Population (thousands) Year 1950
1955 1960 1965 1970
Urban Population (thousands) Year 1950
1955 1960 1965 1970
Total population 2,519,470,000
2 757 399 3 023 812 3 337 974 3 696 588
Rural population 1,787,705,000
1 906 963 2 031 459 2 180 259 2 367 741
Urban population 731,765,000
850 436 992 353 1 157 715 1 328 847
1980 1985 1990 1995 2000
4 442 295 4 843 947 5 279 519 5 692 353 6 085 572
1980 1985 1990 1995 2000
2 705 993 2 860 273 3 008 650 3 140 989 3 240 771
1980 1985 1990 1995 2000
1 736 302 1 983 674 2 270 869 2 551 364 2 844 802
2010 2015 2020 2025
6 842 923 7 219 431 7 577 889 7 905 239
2010 2015 2020 2025
3 368 353 3 400 408 3 400 783 3 362 873
2010 2015 2020 2025
3 474 571 3 819 023 4 177 106 4 542 366
UN World Population Prospects: http://esa.un.org/unup/p2k0data.asp
• What are the effects of Urbanization?
•Education? •Health Care? •Higher quality of life? •Violence •Inequality •Disease •Overpopulation •Depletion of Natural Resources
Hope for the Future! •SmartCode •New Urbanism •Denmark
The Face of Urbanization
Situation in Somalia:
* fragile government * Recently attacked by Islam extremists * Almost constant state of war since the 1960’s
Situation in Iran
* Government still practices public stoning * “Criminals” are not given fair trial * Discrimination is involved in these public disgraces Problem? European Union Parliament is ready to get involved
Problem? Government is shutting down the human rights group
Situation in Algeria
*Unfair election in 1992 * Just now recovering
Problem? Violence is
Situation in Burma
* fight for democracy * landmines, gunshots-typical “state of war” Problem? Situation in Healthcare Ghana
* Police are beating and killing people in the streets * Police claim criminals “deserve it”
Problem? Fair trials are not held. The people are speaking out.
Situation in Latvia
Specific rules concerning required license and national grammar
Problem? Ruslan Pankratov just moved from Russia, and Latvia is making him legally change his birth name •
What connects these stories?
Lack of democracy, or a stable
Governments failing to protect its
people (not adhering to basic human rights)
Health care reform;
- is a general rubric used for discussing major policy creation or changes --for the most part, governmental policy --that affects healthcare delivery in a given place
Health Care Reform
• Broaden the population covered by private or public health insurance • Expand the array of health care providers consumers may choose among • Improve the access to health care specialists • Improve the quality of health care • Decrease the cost of health care • Decrease the cost of health insurance
Health Care Sytem
• Health care systems can be distinguished by what percentage of their financing comes from either public or private funds, and whether health care delivery is controlled privately or by the government.
Health care system
• There are generally five primary methods of funding health care systems
– direct or out-of-pocket payments, – general taxation, – social health insurance, – voluntary or private health insurance, and – donations or community health insurance.
Childhood Eating Habits
By: Kalea Edwards
Rise in salt intake:
Based on two studies conducted in England
Children around the world are eating more salt than is recommended Sodium makes the body hold on to fluid. To pump the added fluid, the heart has to work harder Excess salt intake is linked to an increased risk of cardiovascular disease by raising blood pressure - the main cause of strokes and a major cause of heart attacks H.D.~ 12.7 million deaths each year
What can be done…
Educate parents & caregivers Encourage < 5 grams/ day Healthier school lunches (> 20%- < in 5yr) - Taking out the fizzy drinks, the chips, and the chocolate bars & introducing FREE fruits and vegetables - Eating 5 portions/day = 20% reduction in overall deaths (hypertension, HD, & stroke)
• Kimbera, Africa
Millennium Development Goals to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
• Target 1: Halve between 1990 -2015 the proportion of people whose income is less than a U.S.$1 a day. • Target 2: halve between 1990 -2015 the proportion of people who suffer from hunger.
America Falling Behind
How we are dropping the ball in Global Education Standards Presented by: Vicki West
US administrators and principals are participating in exchange programs in order to see what’s right with foreign schools
Falling Behind in Foreign Language
US student bows to Japanese students after participating in a discussion on the importance of foreign language learning
“English Fever” hits countries such as China, Austria, Spain, Norway and the continent of South America. The key to international business success is bi-lingual ability. India raises standards at university level with a focus on foreign language
Falling Behind in Math & Science
President Bush and Mrs. Bush pose with recipients of the Presidential Awards for Excellence in Mathematics and Science Teaching in the East Room of the White House. The award, established in 1983, is given annually to math and science teachers across the U.S. who have made outstanding contributions to their students and schools. White House photo by Joyce Boghosian
US students rank well below Japan and South Korea based upon scores by Trends in International Math and Science Studies (TIMSS) standards International baccalaureate program takes off in the US as educators realize students are behind in global academic readiness
Diseases are spreading again because of air travel and the change in temperatures.
• Tuberculosis is a bacterial infection. This infection is spread through the air. • Multi- drug resistant tuberculosis is resistant to at least two of the main drugs use to treat tuberculosis. • This disease is spreading because of so much international air travel.
• Malaria is a vector borne infection disease. • Malaria is transmitted by mosquitoes. • This is becoming a problem because of climate and temperature change. Mosquitoes are able to survive in humid and hot temperatures.
Main Issues Today
Status of Jerusalem Fate of Palestinian refugees who fled homes or were forced out Dismantling of Israeli settlements in occupied West Bank Borders of eventual Palestinian state
Plans to negotiate Peace treaty by end of 2008 Follow-up meetings in Moscow and Paris Israel frees 429 Palestinian prisoners Presence of Hamas in Gaza Strip http://www.iht.com/articles/2007/11/28/america/28mideast.php may http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2007/12/01/africa/ME-GEN-Mideast-Palestinians. affect peace negotiations in the future http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2007/12/03/africa/ME-GEN-Israel-Palestinians.ph
Environmental Effects of Global Warming
Health Effects of Global Warming Heat related deaths could
more than double in California by the year 2100
When the temperature rises a persons blood Vessels become wider, causes BP to drop and Heart rate to increase. (Problem in elderly)
e so mperatures ris As te isease. do levels of d es and Ex. Mosquito Malaria
It is said by some experts that the human race will start to evolve and adapt to the warmer climate, they just don’t know if the adaptation will happen quick enough to keep up with the rising temperatures
America’s Climate Security created a bipartisan bill making a cap-and-trade therefore reducing greenhouse emissions by 65% Over the past 100 years the overall temperature has risen 1.3 degrees, and sea levels have risen 6.6 inches European countries have committed to reducing their pollution by 20% by 2020
Definition: Urbanization means the removal of the rural characteristics of a town or area, according to the development of civilization. **A redistribution of population from rural to urban.** (Wikipedia.org) A lot of debate whether urbanization is good or bad? Urbanization is a fairly old activity. Recent as in the 20th century. Urbanization is being renewed. Looking around you can see urbanization happening in your everyday life. 50% of the worlds population live in urban areas.
Quick Summary on Chinese Urbanization: Supporting the population in China is becoming a problem. A way to fix that is by applying urbanization to reshape and reform. A lot of people don’t ask to be a part this phenomenon known as urbanization, However, with jobs outside of the cities scarce “ruralites” really don’t have a choice.
Looking through all my nonChina related articles, most of the articles have a lot of debate on whether urbanization is good or bad. You can form your own opinion from what we have learned in class and what you see. One thing is for sure Urbanization is inevitable.
What Would You Do???
PRO 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Economically Socially Demographically Livability New Urbanism
CONS 1. Environmental 2. Higher Cost 3. Increase in Crime, Sickness, Violence, and Poverty 4. Pollution 5.Personal Space
In response to a poll on Islam in London, half the people think Muslims are isolated from society, and 49% consider Islam an intolerant faith. These results are similar to what would have shown in 1900 about the impact of Jewish immigration. In 1905, Britain restricted the immigration of Jews from Eastern Europe and were punished for any religious behavior. By the 1930’s, Jews were still unwelcome in London and faced violence & abuse. Eventually, the Jews resisted and adopted Communism which lead people to believe they were even more “un-English.”
The people interviewed in the survey on Islam in London were influential political and cultural figures. Only 20% think Muslims make a major contribution to the capital’s economy. The issue is that when people think Muslims, they think about women in veils, rather than doctors, nurses, teachers, etc… Muslims in London have experienced discrimination resulting in loss of jobs, abuse, and a distorted perception of the religion because of the “war on terror.”
Education – school systems should be teaching about other cultures and religions. Media – the cry for help from Muslims in London should be known so people can make a difference. Human Rights – abuse should not be acceptable. When violence is present, a strict punishment or repercussion should be enforced.
MS-13 Salvadorian Origin Fastest Growing Get in, Can’t Get Out. Assault and Battery No Centralized Power Hard to control
of MS-13 Gang Violence in U.S.
Space Budget Unreasonable number of inhabitants? What to do about the problem?
Global Positioning System Worst crimes punished in prison Smaller sentences carried out outside prison setting Slap on the wrist?
Education in India
Private schools on every
corner in Hyderbad 60% of schools help the poor 586 schools for poor in poorest regions where government said there were none Schools for the poor often have better teachers who work harder despite lower salaries
China’s Crisis in Vocational Training
High demand for
skilled workers Cannot get a job, despite years of experience Teachers have not had any experience and teach unnecessary things Cannot produce enough skilled workers There are about 1,300 vocational schools and 14,000 high schools
Iraqi refugees struggle in Syria
Iraqi children not getting
proper education in Syria Most are not able to attend any classes Only about 33,000 Iraqi refugee children attended school in the 2007 Goal is to get 100,000 Iraqi students into the 2007-2008 school system The UNICEF
Human Rights & Democracy
by: Kristin Perry
Three of the current events I chose to write about dealt with a group of thirty hostages. It all started in mid July, when the Taliban kidnapped twenty-three South Korean Christian aid workers from a bus. The next day five Afghans and two German citizens were abducted in central Afghanistan. Although one of the German men was executed, an Afghan television station aired a video of his colleague pleading for help, his name was Rudolf Blechschmidt. In the video, he asks his family to urge the German authorities to take action to set them free.
Twelve of the South Korean hostages were freed in three separate groups after an agreement was made by South Korean negotiators in Afghanistan. Two of the South Koreans were killed. Soon after, the Taliban released the rest of the South Korean hostages.
Two months after the video appeal, Germany’s foreign minister announced that Blechschmidt was freed. This was important because Blechschmidt had a heart issue that required daily medication, and it ran out three days after his video appeal. By the time of his release, he was in near-death condition.
War and Terror In Israel
• Areas of conflict are Gaza Strip and Golan Heights. • Gaza Strip is on the west coast. • Golan Heights is on the North on the border of Syria
War and Terror is Israel The Gaza Strip
• Constant battle between Israelis and Hamas. The Hamas currently control the land. The Israeli Defense Force is trying to gain the land back. • Israel wanted to take away the water source and cut off electricity to the cities in Gaza.
War and Terror in Israel The Golan Heights
• The Golan Heights were captured by Israel from Syria in 1967. No talks of war between Syria and Israel since then. • Over the summer, talks of war were rumored in the Middle East. However, neither country had any interest in this. • Syria did want the land back, but negotiations ended back in 2000.
Two members of the Israeli Defense Force
• All men and women enter the Israeli Defense Force (IDF) at 18. • Men are in the IDF for three years • Women serve two years.
By : Teshone Jones
Along with the Silk Road, the opium trade was among the first productions of commerce in Asia traders were primarily the main contributors to opium’s spread as a cash crop China’s two Opium Wars, many of the poppy producers migrated to Southeast Asia migration to Southeast Asia, which became known as the Golden Triangle, was the precursor to what is known today as the Golden Crescent
Leos and Thailand define the main points of what is known as the Golden Triangle Iran, and Pakistan define the area known as the Golden Crescent 1991, Afghanistan became the world’s leading producer of opium
influence is prevalent in Afghanistan, in their eyes they see themselves as soldiers for Allah, however we see these individuals as a terrorist organization terrorist attacks are fueled by the revenue from drug trafficking. is the #1 cash crop in Afghanistan, and U.S. influence is trying to give Afghan farmers incentives and other alternatives to growing other crops
Afghan Opium Production at Record high
Opium trade finances the growing Taliban insurgency that has killed thousands of people including scores of Western soldiers. A multi-million-dollar effort led by Britain and the United States to cut the opium trade
Combating Human Trafficking
The illegal control of a person through fraud, force and coercion.
Great global issue, taking place the U.S. today.
Most often leads to an even greater amounts of crime
• • • • • • • • • • • Dislocation Crime Urbanization Drug Trade Poverty Slavery Gang Activity Gender Roles Human Rights Immigration/migration Unemployment
Most child labor takes place in developing nations where the demand for work is extremely high. Some places that I looked at were India, China, Africa, Lebanon, Cambodia and the Philippines. The main problem I found that linked each of these stories together was the lack of government enforcement of labor laws and therefore it seemed to be outside
The use of child laborers is prevalent in many labor markets such as:
Textile industry Agriculture Mines
Forces large companies to look for cheaper labor (thus supporting child labor and creating a circular effect) Keeps children out of school which leads to fewer educated adult workers
Great emphasis should be put on educating the
children of developing countries so that they can obtain good paying jobs as adults and break this cycle of child labor.
The child labor policies of these countries and the United Nations need to be enforced in order for them to do any good. There needs to be some kind of global policy of enforcement.
A lot of child labor stems from poor wages of the parents. In these cases, the children must go to work to support their families. We should take a good look at the wages paid around the world
Current Events Presentation: Ethnicity and Religion
Stephanie Branson SOC 202 12/4/07
Overall Theme: Mixing Politics and Religion
Some of the countries that I found that had these problems included: Ghana: Ethnicity and Religion in Politics. Kenya: Diversity Should Not Effect Politics. Pakistan: Mix Of Religion In Politics.
Favorite Article: Race and Ethnicity Influence Social Website Choice
This particular article was talking about the different ethnic groups and which particular site that each used. The survey found that Caucasian students liked Facebook, Hispanic students preferred MySpace, and Asian and AsianAmerican students used Xanga and Friendster. Education was also a factor: If the student’s parents had college degrees then more often they were Facebook and Xanga users. While MySpace had more people whose parents had less than a high-school education and some with college experience. It ended by saying how these results showed that instead of bringing people of all kinds together it shows more of the barriers that we see in real life.
Why Most Crimes Are Committed
War on Crime
Our Hands Are Tied