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Table of Contents
Student learning Reading comprehension Three level guide Selective reading guide Interactive guide How to teach
Learning implies more than just rote mastery of facts, formulas, and “who did what and when”; it also means thinking about and using that information. Rather than seeing a particular text as having a single meaning that all successful readers must apprehend, it is more accurate to think of a text as representing a range of potential meanings. How can students learn when they seem to lack the necessary background and skills? There is no easy solution but teachers can use several strategies such as study/reading guides to help.
Reading is one of the most complex tasks we undertake. In order to read, we must translate visual symbols into words, and words into meaning. One of the neurodevelopment components of reading comprehension is Attention components: mental energy, processing controls and production controls.
Three- Level Guide
This guide is to design a support system for students by constructing a three- level understanding. Literal- consisting of specific facts and concepts that clearly stated.
Interpretive- requires “reading between the lines” or drawing inferences about ideas that the author implies. Applied- represents comprehension that extends beyond the text to form new ideas or use ideas from the text in different contexts.
Selective Reading Guide
Points students to important information in the text. Similar to the end-of-chapter review questions you see at the end of your text book chapters. Help students find out the most relevant and irrelevant part of the text.
Interactive Reading Guides
is designed to conduct the in- class reading of students as they interact in accommodating groups or pairs Preparation :the text selection, deciding on the main points that students must understand, and identifying potentials sports of where the student is struggling. help the student identify key ideas, make clarifications of connections in the texts, and read critically.
How to teach these guides
Three- level guide- A good deal of overlap among levels. Readers will move back and forth among these kind of comprehension as they work their way through a text. A three level guide can be exposed in a three day process which allows the students to thoroughly comprehend the three levels of the guide.
Selective reading guide- Make their own decisions regarding which facts, idea, and terminology are most important and devise a guide that directs students to specific sections of the text. A teacher should carefully point out that some of the information's asked for in the guide was clearly stated in the text, but some ideas required prior knowledge.
Interactive reading guide- Teacher should think about which sections should be read orally or silent, which might be skimmed, or as with selective guide which passage may be skipped entirely. A class period can devote the students to work together on the guide and the next class period to talk about it and have feedback from the teacher.