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# 0RG004601 CDMA1X Capacity planning

ISSUE 2.2

Wireless Curriculum Development Section

Capacity Planning Procedure
Capacity planning Calculate the sector carrier throughput and subscriber throughput according to the interference analysis and traffic model

The coverage and capacity planning are combined with the calculation of the number of carriers and BTSs

Calculate the number of CFMR , BCPM/CCPM to configure the BTS

Configure the CEVC and CPPU according to the channel type and the number of each type of channel

Course Contents 

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Characteristics of CDMA Network Interference analysis Reverse link capacity analysis Forward link capacity analysis Capacity planning

Capacity Analysis
Characteristics of CDMA network 

In CDMA system, all cells shares the same spectrum, which increases the capacity of a CDMA system. However the use of same frequencies may cause for multi-address interference. This kind of interference can restricts the system capacity. The capacity of a radio system is determined by both the forward and reverse links. During the capacity planning. The analysis should be based upon both the forward and reverse links. Because of distributed sources, in general we concentrate on the reverse link capacity more.  

Basic Capacity Model Characteristics of CDMA network Limited interference model ITOT=Iown+Iother+PN+T Iown Iother PN T Interference from subscribers in the local cell Interference from subscribers in the neighboring cells Background noise of receiver External interference Limited power model PTOT=Ppil+Psync+Ppag+Ptraf+Pother Ppil Psync Ppag Ptraf Pother Power of pilot channel Power of synchronous channel Power of paging channel Power of traffic channel Power of other channel .

Course Contents      Characteristics of CDMA Network Interference analysis Reverse link capacity analysis Forward link capacity analysis Capacity planning .

Interference at reverse link Interference analysis I own Interference from subscribers in the local cell Interference each subscriber should overcome: ITOT . then: The value of Pj can be obtained: The interference of the subscribers in the local cell is equal to the sum of all other subscribers power reaching the receiver: .Pj  Pj is the receiving power of jth subscriber . Vj is the voice activation factor Provided that the power control is ideal.

 The typical value of f is 0.e. If the subscribers are distributed uniformly. antenna pattern. i. actual cellular layout.55 for an omini-directional cell  The typical value of f is 0. load of neighboring cell. etc.Interference at reverse link Interference analysis  Interference due to the neighboring cell subscribers It is difficult to conduct theoretical analysis of the interference contributed by the neighboring cell subscribers. f is adjacent cell interference factor and it is the ratio between the intercell interference to the intra cell interference. which is closely related to the subscriber distribution.65 for 3-sectors directional cell .

Interference at reverse link Interference analysis Since Let We can write .

In this case. ITOT reaches infinite.Interference at reverse link Interference analysis  From last equation we get  Where is uplink load factor:   The two main components of the reverse interference depends upon the cell load When the load factor is equal to 1. the corresponding capacity is called the limit capacity Supposing  Power control is ideal  Interference from subscribers in neighbor cells is constant .

. The distribution of multipath energy has a certain rule. the horizontal axis indicates the number of multipath components and the vertical axis indicates the ratio of the co-channel interference to the total power spectrum in the same cell.Interference at forward link Interference analysis  Iown from subscribers in the local cell (Very few interference due to Rake receiver) Forward coherent demodulation of the local cell. 87% of the energy is distributed into three strongest multipaths. the interference originates from multipath. In the following graph. and defining the multipath factor. The Rake receiving technology is adopted to compesate this effect and achieve the 2-3dB demodulation gain. according to it.

while at the edges of the cell. At the center of BTS. and the vertical axis indicates ratio of the forward link interference from other cells to the forward link power received by the local BTS (Ioc/S).Interference at forward link Interference analysis  Interference from the neighboring cell subscribers The interference from the neighboring cell is closely related to the subscriber distribution. . the interference is very large The horizontal axis indicates the distance from the mobile station to the BTS. the interference from the neighboring cell is very small.

How to Control Interference Interference analysis  Influence of interference upon the network Successful handoff rate Access efficiency Call drop rate Conversation quality  How to control interference Improve power control Improve the Rake receiving efficiency Reasonable network planning .

Course Contents      Characteristics of CDMA Network Interference analysis Reverse link capacity analysis Forward link capacity analysis Capacity planning .

where X is the cell load .Reverse Capacity Model ± Pole Capacity Model Reverse link capacity analysis  According to the interference analysis. the pole capacity model could be obtained: N max G 1 !  1 E d 1 F Nmax: The maximum users could be supported by 1 carrier simultaneously E F G d :Voice activity factor :Processing gain which means W/R :Neighbor cell Interference factor :Demodulation Threshold When the cell load is given. the actual capacity could be obtained: N=Nmax*X.

F ! (ln 10) / 10 X0 E E2 I I d : First and second order interference factor : Power control covariance W W / R : Spread frequency gain : Cell capacity (Erlang) M BCDMA : Soft blocking possibility : Indicating the permitted cell load. etc. determined by factors such as cell coverage.Reverse Capacity Model ± Soft Blocking Model Reverse link capacity analysis F 2W 2 W (1  I ) X 0  M E Ve 2 R ! Q( ) 2 2 M E 2 V 2 e 2 F W (1  I d ) g 1 Bcdma Q( x) ! ´ x 1 t 2 / 2 e dt 2T V ! e F ( Eb / N t ) . : First order and second order factors for speech activation .

55 2.6 7 7.086 2.55 0.4 for voice service and 1 for data service 6.55 0.55 0.8 9.55 0.9 38.5 3km/h 50% 2% 0.086 2.0 48.5 30km/h 50% 2% 0.4 32.5 70.8 78.55 0.2 8.8 60.5 2.Typical values of reverse capacity Reverse link capacity analysis Mean load of the system Service blocking rate Interference factor Basic Second order parameter interference factor Power control covariance (dB) Sector factor Activation factor Service demodulation threshold IS95 voice Throughput of omni-directional BTS (Kbps) Throughput of directional TRX (Kbps) Static 50% 2% 0.8 .086 2.086 2.086 2.5 8km/h 50% 2% 0.3 66.55 2.55 2.55 2.5 100km/h 50% 2% 0.7 43.55 Select 0.9 36.6 56.

6K voice Service demodulation threshold Throughput of omnidirectional BTS (Kbps) Throughput of directional TRX (Kbps) 1X19.08 117.4K data Service demodulation threshold Throughput of omnidirectional BTS (Kbps) Throughput of directional TRX (Kbps) 5.9 63.57 103.9 99.0 117.2 7.9 55.9 4.6 3.78 74.64 105.3 .1 63.4 5.7 3.4 138.6 66.37 78.01 128.13 68.1 5.Typical values of reverse capacity Reverse link capacity analysis 1X9.59 145.0 74.5 4.26 87.1 6.2 4.2 5.0 4.34 84.4 3.96 88.3 2.6 71.78 74.2 6.2K data Service demodulation threshold Throughput of omnidirectional BTS (Kbps) Throughput of directional TRX (Kbps) 1X38.1 74.6 87.8 109.7 96.5 57.11 113.4 123.1 90.96 65.

47 118.0 86.68 79.Typical values of reverse capacity Reverse link capacity analysis 1X76.01 99.5 4.54 118.6 55.28 65.7 111.9 101.6Kd ata Service demodulation threshold Throughput of omnidirectional BTS (Kbps) Throughput of directional TRX (Kbps) 2.1 45.4 67.8 1.8 100.1 2.8 53.15 131.8 72.7 3.3 1.51 84.57 82.8 3.1 3.98 102.4 2.8K data Service demodulation threshold Throughput of omnidirectional BTS (Kbps) Throughput of directional TRX (Kbps) 1X153.9 84.4 70.5 2.9 .

Reverse Capacity at Different Rates and Speeds Capacity planning Application rate proportion Data subscriber Voice subscriber Access rate proportion Data subscriber Static 90% 60% 9.2kbps 8% 8km/h 3% 14% 38.4kbps 6% 30km/h 2% 5% 76. .8kbps 1% 100km/h 0% 1% 153.6kbps 0% Proportion of subscriber service type Voice subscribers 90% Data subscribers 0% Mixed service subscribers 10% According to the traffic model provided by Zhengzhou Research Institute and the subscriber proportion. it is 94kbps in reverse link and 255kbps in forward link. the calculated TRX capacity of embedded omnidirectional cell is 110kbps in reverse link 300kbps and in forward link.6kbps 85% 3km/h 5% 20% 19. For 120º sector site.

Course Contents      Characteristics of CDMA Network Interference analysis Reverse link capacity analysis Forward link capacity analysis Capacity planning .

4 generally) PGsync : Processing gain of synchronous channel. V sync : Demodulation threshold of synchronous channel.Forward Link Capacity Model Forward link capacity analysis M ( Pmax ) ! PGtraf K traf . PG pag : Processing gain of Paging channel V pil : Demodulation threshold of pilot channel. V traf : Demodulation threshold of traffic channel.V traf V sync V pag 10  M ( dB ) / 10. N p : Number of paging channels in the cell K traf : Subscriber distribution factor K f : Forward integrated interference factor (including interference inside and outside the cell) LT (R) : Forward link attenuation (corresponding to the cell radius actually) .Pmax [ ]  V pil   Np N m LT ( R )  K f .E .Pmax PG sync PG pag          M ( Pmax ) : Forward capacity Pmax : Maximum permitted power of BTS PGtraf : Processing gain of traffic channel. V pag : Demodulation threshold of paging channel N m : Thermal noise M (dB ) : Demodulation threshold allowance E : Speech activation factor (being 0.

8 4.2 654.4 248 5.6 596.11 530 8km/h -105 130 2 0.22 411 30km/h -105 130 2 0.32 319 5.8 285.49 193 7 272 6.4 20 -15 6 6 8.17 262 7.6k Voice service CDMA 1X 19.7 4.76 -105 -105 130 2 0.46 3km/h -105 130 2 0.5 485.41 197 8.2k Data service CDMA 1X 38.9 221.23 410 4.6k Data service service demodulation threshold cell throughput (Kbps) service demodulation threshold cell throughput (Kbps) service demodulation threshold cell throughput (Kbps) service demodulation threshold cell throughput (Kbps) service demodulation threshold cell throughput (Kbps) -105 130 2 0.4 20 -15 6 6 7.21 paging channel demodulation threshold (dB) 6 .98 345 5.46 245 5.8k Data service CDMA 1X 153.8 452.4k Data service CDMA 1X 76.58 238 7.57 379.04 428 5.8 359 5.4 20 -15 6 6.4 20 -15 6 6 9.2 3.8 3.14 527 4.54 152 8.4 20 -15 6 6 9.Typical Value Of Forward Capacity Forward link capacity analysis static Basic Parameter thermal noise forward link attenuation forward link interference factor subscriber distribution factor BTS maximum transmission power (W) pilot channel demodulation threshold (dB) sync channel demodulation threshold (dB) CDMA 1X 9.31 201 7.08 169 7.

4 20 -15 6 6 7 401 341 1024 .4 0.Forward Capacity Test Results of Pilot Project Background noise (dBm) Path loss (dB) System interference index Geographic distribution coefficient of subscribers Maximum transmitting power (W) Demodulation threshold of pilot channel (dB) Demodulation threshold of synchronous channel (dB) Demodulation threshold of paging channel (dB) Demodulation threshold of traffic channel (dB) Throughput of omni-directional station (Kbps) Throughput of traffic channel in 120º sector (Kbps) Throughput of S111 BTS in 3-sector cell (Kbps) -105 130 1.

the total capacity of equipment is different The movement speed has great influences on the system capacity In the central area of a cell. . the forward interference is mainly because of the neighboring cells The capacity of forward link depends upon the total transmitting power of the cell and the distribution of the transmitting power in the traffic channel and other additional channels The subscriber distribution has direct influence upon the forward capacity of the BTS. the forward interference is mainly because of multipath At the borders of a cell.Forward Capacity Characteristics of the System Forward link capacity analysis For different service type.

5 to 2 times that of the IS-95 . The reverse capacity of the CDMA-1X is 2 to 3 times that of the IS-95  Forward capacity The quick power control technique is used for the forward channel so that the power control accuracy is improved and the mean forward transmitting power is decreased. The forward capacity of the CDMA-1X is 1.Comparison of Capacity Characteristics between IS-95 and CDMA-1X ISCDMA Reverse capacity The coherent demodulation of reverse pilot is adopted for traffic channels and the Turbo code is used for the data service so that the reverse demodulation performance is improved. Moreover turbo code is used for the data service.

Course Contents      Characteristics of CDMA Network Interference analysis Reverse link capacity analysis Forward link capacity analysis Capacity planning .

CDMA 1X Capacity Planning  Data-Voice Traffic Model  Configuration of TRXs and Channel Resources in the System .

6 0. A standard model is available for the 2G voice service in the telecom industry.02 30% . Voice service model Service blocking rate Primary channel rate (Kbps) Traffic (Erl) Soft handover proportion 2% 9. the 2G and 3G systems do not differ with respect to subscriber behavior.Voice Service Model Capacity planning  For voice service. service type and resource occupation. so the analysis results of the model are directly quoted.

To describe this. Huawei uses throughput. Once the data service is imported.Voice Capacity Described in Throughput Capacity planning  For voice services. in such case it is difficult to describe the occupation in Erl. different services lead to different mean subscriber rates. the fixed rate channel is adopted and Erl is used to describe the processing capability of equipment. which is Throughput = Traffic strength*Data rate*Activation factor S ! Av vR v E r .

2kpbs 38.Data Service Model Data service rate Grade Statistic proportion of distribution(%) for high end user 9.4kbps 76.21 Capacity planning Selection of communication rate for high and low end subscriber Statistic proportion of distribution(%) for high low end user 100 0 0 0 0 9.8kbps 153.6kbps 19.6 .6kpbs Mean data service rate (kbps) R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R 24 40 30 4 1 26.

1 0. the uplink throughput is 50bps and the downlink throughput is 200bps  Mean length of information frame is 200 byte .05 WWW browse & WAP 60 0.21 300 0.57 30 0.05 FTP Voice & video multimedia flow service 5 0.05 Other s 15 0.42 300 0.28 Through put at busy hours: M1: Centralized coefficient on busy day M2:Centralized coefficient on busy hours S ! n v T v M 1v M 2 v M 3 v R z 3600 N: Access service count M3: duty cycle high end user T: Mean communication time R: Mean data service rate .26.21 for   The throughput of high-end subscribers is 250 bps The uplink and downlink proportion is 1:4.1 0.1 65.Estimated action of high-end users in the early phase of network Capacity planning Informati on query Monthly use times Centralized coefficient on busy day(M1) Centralized coefficient on busy hours(M2) Mean use time (s) Duty cycle (M3) Throughput (bps) 60 0.1 26.1 0.1 8.05 0.8 52.53 15 0.1 0.1 120 0.1 0.8 43.05 Ecommer ce 20 0.75 24.68 120 0.1 0.05 E_ma il 60 0.1 3.74 60 0.05 60 0.

Mean length of information frame is 200 Byte.40 15 0.05 0.05 10 0.8 The throughput of the low-end subscribers is 35 bps The uplink and downlink proportion is 1: 4.1 0.1 4.1 0.05 30 0.1 14.05 10 0.80 300 0.1 0.00 30 0.75 3.8 9.6 0 0 0 120 0.12 0.05 WWW browse & WAP 30 0.1 120 0. the uplink throughput is 7bps and the downlink throughput is 28bps.05 E_mail FTP Voice & video multimedia 0 0 E-commerce Others 20 0.1 0 0. .Data Service Model Capacity planning Information query Monthly useage Centralized coefficient on busy day Centralized coefficient on busy hours Mean use time (s) Duty cycle Throughput (bps) 30 0.60 60 0.1 1.1 0.

Classification and Definition of Subscriber Behavior Capacity planning Pure voice subscriber service model Service allocation and value of voice subscribers (reverse channel) Subscriber type Voice Proportio n 100% Traffic of single subscriber (Erlang) 0.02 Data service throughput of single subscriber (bps) S v ! Av v 9600 v E r 76.8 Pure data subscriber service model Service allocation and value of voice subscribers (reverse channel) Subscriber type Low-end pure data subscriber High-end pure data subscriber Proportion 80% Sd ! S Data service throughput of single subscriber (bps) 7 50 20% Sd ! S .

8 50 7 Mixed service throughput of single subscriber (bps) S v .d ! Av v 9600 v E r  S t v Pt  S l v Pl =92.4 .02 Data service throughput of single subscriber (bps) 76.Classification and Definition of Subscriber Behavior Capacity planning Mixed service model Allocation and value of mixed service (reverse channel) Subscriber type Proportion voice High-end data Low-end data 100% 20% 80% Traffic of single subscriber (Erlang) 0.

CDMA 1X Capacity Planning  Data Voice Traffic Model  Configuration of TRXs and Channel Resources in the System .

Flow Diagram Capacity planning Voice Data Um interface channel (FCH with soft handoff + SCH without soft handoff + Common channel BCPM/CCPM Abis interface (including soft handoff branch) CFMR (Not including soft handoff branch) Characteristics of the CSM5000 chip: In forward direction 64 CEs. each CE can demodulate a 19.6k channel The data FCH channel is equivalent to a 9. each CE can demodulate a 9.6K channels Data channel CPRS/CPMS CEVC Voice channel .2k SCH/FCH Characteristics of DSP chip: The voice FCH channel is equivalent to a 9.6k FCH/SCH In reverse direction 32 CEs.6k channel The data SCH channel is equivalent to multiple 9.

.  CCPM/BCPM (BTS): At present. analysis the processing capability of each channel processing unit before configuration. Therefore. Each CMS5000 chip process the 64 forward CEs and 32 reverse CEs. several types of boards are available 1: With four CSM5000 chips. PPU board (BSC): Each PPU board provides data throughput of 20Mb and each CPMS can provide 2500 activated PPP connections.  FMR board (BSC): Each board provides 450 channels demodulation resources. 2: With two CSM5000 chips.6k SCH channel. different channel boards have different processing capability. Each demodulation resource can process an FCH channel or a 9.Characteristics of Equipment Capacity planning  In the CDMA-1X system.   EVC board (BSC): Each board provides 192 voice channels processing units.

The mean throughput of low-end subscribers is 35bps.A case study Capacity planning Suppose the subscribers in Area 1 are 800000 The subscriber service behavior: Number of pure voice subscribers Pv=90% Number of pure data service subscribers Pd=0% Number of mixed service subscribers Pv.d=10% Plan according to the 50% mean load The blocking rate of the system is 2% The voice traffic is 0. The proportion of forward and reverse subscriber data is 4:1. .02Erl. The mean throughput of high-end subscribers is 250bps.

TRX & CE Configuration Capacity planning TRX Type Number of Minimum number TRXes needed 651 557 of BTS Type Number of Minimum number BTSs needed 217 557 of subscriberss.36=1229 Number of TRXs needed = Number of subscribers in the coverage area Number of subscribers a single TRX can accommodate = 800000/1229=651 .v × Pd.36bps Number of subscribers a single TRX can accommodate = Mean throughput of a single TRX Mean subscriber throughput in the coverage area =94*1024/78. a single TRX can accomodate S1 O1 1229 1437 subscriberss.v = 76.4*10%=78. a single BTS can accomodate S1/1/1 O1 3687 1387 Mean subscriber throughput in the coverage area = Sv × Pv + Sd × Pd + Sd.8*90%+92.

a reverse CE should be reserved. multiple sectors share the same CE resources. During the data service analysis. Each forward CE can demodulate an FCH or a 9.TRX & CE Configuration Capacity planning  BTS channel board. Currently only FCH takes part in the soft handoff while the SCH does not take part in the soft handoff. carefully consider which data are transferred by the FCH channel and which data are transferred by the SCH channel In a BTS.2k SCH channel. while a reverse CE can demodulate an FCH channel or a 19. common channels should be reserved for the cells. While three forward CEs should be reserved for each sector for the processing of forward pilot. Please configure the CEs based upon the subscriber services in the coverage area of each BTS In actual application. synchronous and paging channels Soft handoff branches of the CDMA system occupy the CE processing resources.6k SCH channel. currently two types of channel boards are provided    . In one BTS. the forward and reverse CEs process the forward and reverse channels independently. For each reverse channel.

From observations.Soft handoff proportion) Consider configuring a common access channel for each sector.TRX & CE Configuration Capacity planning In our example. when the data subscribers reach 70% then there will be the forward limitation on resources. the voice subscribers are 90%. service blocking rate) Voice subscriber throughput = Planned number of subscribers a single TRX can accommodate* Proportion of pure voice subscribers + Proportion of mixed service subscribers * Voice subscriber throughput . The reverse configuration method is as follows: Voice channel resource = Voice subscriber throughput Voice flux/Voice activation factor FCH channel resource = FCH data throughput (Primary rate of FCH data*Utilization ratio of data demodulation resource) SCH channel resource= SCH data throughput (Primary rate of SCH data* Utilization ratio of data demodulation resource) The SCH channel does not take part in the soft handoff.e. Total channel resource after soft handoff = (Voice channel resource + FCH channel resource) +SCH Channel Resource (1 . configure the channels in reverse way. Number of channels to be configured = ErlB_B (Basic channel resource of BTS. so we consider the reverse limitation i.

58+0.0.TRX & CE Configuration Capacity planning The detailed configuration of channels and CSM5000 chips should be based upon the coverage of the BTS and the number of subscribers a single TRX can accommodate.8=94387.11/(9600*1.58  Number of data FCH resources =1674.02)=122  Number of channels needed for 800.17)/(1-30%)+0.2bps  Data FCH throughput =1229*10%*80%*7+1229*10%*20%*50*36.4)=24.4%=243. 000 subscribers =122*217=26474 .11bps  Number of voice channel resources =94387.2/(9600*0.02  Considering 30% soft handoff =[(24.5)=0. we can configure according the approximate estimation of the traffic coverage: The number of subscribers a single TRX can accommodate according to the analysis results of the model developed by Zhengzhou research institute: 1229  Voice throughput =1229*(90%+10%)*76.4  Number of common channel per sector =1  Number of CEs per BTS =ErlB_B(36.6%=1674.02]=35.17  Number of data SCH resources =243.13/9600=0.13bps  Data SCH throughput =1229*10%*20%*50*63.4*3. For the initial planning.

38 0.12 0. while in dense urban areas.84 1.2 42. The subscriber distribution is relatively sparse in suburb areas. The typical configuration is given below: Number of subscribers per sector 100 250 550 1150 1750 Voice service flux (kbps) 7.68 19.67 Channels needed for data service 0. so more channels are needed to meet the capacity requirements.4 Channels needed for voice service 2 5 11 23 35 Data service flux (kbps) 0. . a small number of channels can meet the requirements. the subscribers are distributed densely.TRXs & CE Configuration in the System (S1/1/1) Capacity planning The real project planning should be based on the detailed subscriber configuration according to the coverage planning and the subscriber distribution.01 0.06 0.19 Note: The numbers in red indicate ³exceeding the throughput of single TRX´. which is solved by adding more TRXs.03 0.24 88.32 134.75 2.15 0.

TRXs & CE Configuration in the System (S1/1/1) Capacity planning The following results can be obtained from the above analysis: Number of subscribers per BTS 100*3 250*3 550*3 1150*3 1750*3 Basic configuration Considering soft handover Considering access channel Actual configured channels considering the blocking rate S7/7/7 S12/12/12 S21/21/21 S36/36/36 S52/52/52 S2/2/2 S6/6/6 S12/12/12 S24/24/24 S36/36/36 S3/3/3 S8/8/8 S16/16/16 S31/31/31 S47/47/47 S4/4/4 S9/9/9 S17/17/17 S32/32/32 S48/48/48 Note: The numbers in red indicate ³exceeding the throughput of single TRX´. which is solved by adding more TRXs. .

4%)/9600=309 Number of data SCH channels =(Number of subscribers * Proportion of data subscribers * Proportion of high-end subscribers * Throughput of high-end subscribers * Forward proportion *SCH data proportion)/SCH processing capability =800000*(0%+10%)*20%*250*80%*(1-36.02=16000 Number of data FCH channels =(Number of subscribers* Proportion of data subscribers*Proportion of low-end subscribers*Throughput of low-end subscribers*Forward proportion+ Number of subscribers* Proportion of data subscribers* Proportion of high-end subscribers* Throughput of high-end subscribers*Forward proportion*FCH data proportion)/FCH processing capability =(800000*(0%+10%)*80%*35*80%+800000*(0%+10%)*20%*250 *80%*36.4%))/9600=212 Number of FMR channels to be configured =Number of FCH channels/(1.soft handoff proportion) + Number of data SCH channels =(16000+309)/(1.Calculation of BSC Processing Channel Capacity planning Number of voice FCH channels = Number of subscribers*Proportion of voice subscribers*Voice subscriber traffic =800000*(90%+10%)*0.30%)+212=23510 .

Calculation of BSC Processing Channels Capacity planning Number of voice channels in the TC frame = 800000*0.6/1024/1024)=1.2*5=6Mbps Provided that the subscribers are averagely distributed.02=16000 Reverse data traffic flow in the PM frame=(800000*10%*15. then the hardware resources to be configured are as follows: Number of FMR boards =[23510/450]=53 pieces Number of EVC boards =[16000/192]=84 pieces Number of PPU boards =[6/20]=1 piece . so the data traffic in the PM frame is =1.2M The forward and reverse proportion is 4:1.