The name 'Hindustan' combines Sindhu and Hindu and thus refers to the land of the Hindus. The Aryan worshippers referred to the river Indus as the Sindhu. The Persian invaders converted it into Hindu.` The name 'India' is derived from the River Indus. ` . the valleys around which were the home of the early settlers.

oldest. India never invaded any country in her last 10000 years of history. ` . continuous civilization.` India is the world's largest.

` The World's first university was established in Takshashila in 700BC. Sanskrit is the most suitable language for computer software .500 students from all over the world studied more than 60 subjects. More than 10. July 1987. The University of Nalanda built in the 4th century BC was one of the greatest achievements of ancient India in the field of education.a report in Forbes magazine.` India invented the Number System. Zero was invented by Aryabhatta. ` . Sanskrit is the mother of all the European languages.

the largest used number is Tera 10**12(10 to the power of 12). Today Ayurveda is fast regaining its rightful place in our civilization Algebra. trigonometry and calculus came from India. The largest numbers the Greeks and the Romans used were 106 whereas Hindus used numbers as big as 10**53(10 to the power of 53) with specific names as early as 5000 BCE during the Vedic period. Quadratic equations were by Sridharacharya in the 11th century. and he explained the concept of what is known as the Pythagorean Theorem. He discovered this in the 6th century long before the European mathematicians. Ayurveda is the earliest school of medicine known to humans. Charaka.` The value of pi was first calculated by Budhayana. Even today. the father of medicine consolidated Ayurveda 2500 years ago. ` ` .

` The 'Place Value System' and the 'Decimal System' were developed in India in 100 B.C. ` . The shikhara of the temple is made from a single 80-tonne piece of granite. This magnificent temple was built in just five years. The World's First Granite Temple is the Brihadeswara Temple at Tanjavur. (between 1004 AD and 1009 AD) during the reign of Rajaraja Chola. Tamil Nadu.


etiology. Until 1896. It was originally called 'Mokshapat'. the game underwent several modifications. India was the only source of diamonds in the world . The ladders in the game represented virtues and the snakes indicated vices. Detailed knowledge of anatomy.` The game of Snakes & Ladders was created by the 13th century poet saint Gyandev.e. In time.physiology. metabolism. i. good deeds take people to heaven and evil to a cycle of re-births Usage of anaesthesia was well known in ancient Indian medicine. The game was played with cowrie shells and dices. but its meaning remained the same. digestion. genetics and immunity is also found in many ancient Indian texts. embryology.

258756484 days. the time taken by the Earth to orbit the Sun was 365. had come looking for a sea route to India when he discovered America by mistake Bhaskaracharya rightly calculated the time taken by the earth to orbit the Sun hundreds of years before the astronomer Smart. attracted by India's wealth. Christopher Columbus. ` .` India was one of the richest countries till the time of British rule in the early 17th Century. According to his calculation.

and 52 A. respectively The largest religious building in the world is Angkor Wat. Buddhism.D. are followed by 25% of the world's population Jainism and Buddhism were founded in India in 600 B. and 500 B. respectively Jews and Christians have lived continuously in India since 200 B.C. a Hindu Temple in Cambodia built at the end of the 11th century ` ` ` .C. Jainism. and Sikhism.Hinduism.C.` The four religions born in India .


. an average of 30.` The Vishnu Temple in the city of Tirupathi built in the 10th century. is the world's largest religious pilgrimage destination. Larger than either Rome or Mecca.000 visitors donate $6 million (US) to the temple everyday.

` Sikhism originated in the Holy city of Amritsar in Punjab. the city was founded in 1577. Famous for housing the Golden Temple. .

. continuously inhabited city in the world today . also known as Benaras.` Varanasi. and is the oldest.C. was called "the Ancient City" when Lord Buddha visited it in 500 B.

000 years ` Chess was invented in India Around 14th century .` Martial Arts were first created in India. and later spread to Asia by Buddhist missionaries ` Yoga has its origins in India and has existed for over 5.


` ` . India is the only country other than US and Japan.` India has the second largest pool of Scientists and Engineers in the World. to have built a super Computer indigenously. India is the largest English speaking nation in the world.

90% of the world¶s computers run on a chip designed by Indian. The only Solar powered touch screen computer is made by Indian scientists cheaper than Ipad. .` ` ` ` ` ` ` India is only the 4th nation in world to launch its own polar satellite vehicle into space. The most expensive home is built in mumbai worth Rs. Mukesh Ambani. Two of the top ten whiskies are Indian. 9 Nobel prize winners are Indians.9000 crores for business tycoon Mr. India¶s biotech industry is second largest in world after USA.

` ` ` ` India is the world¶s largest importer of Arms and Defence materials. In India there are 1652 languages spoken. . World¶s highest brigde is in India (bet dras and suru rivers of himalayas). India¶s constitution is best constitution in the world.

including the Muslim world. There are 300.000 active mosques in India. ` ` ` ` . Himachal Pradesh. India has the largest number of Post Offices in the world India exports software to 90 countries. more than in any other country.` The world's highest cricket ground is in Chail. Islam is India's and the world's second largest religion. this cricket pitch is 2444 meters above sea level. Built in 1893 after leveling a hilltop.

.` The economy of India is the eleventh largest economy in the world by nominal GDP and the Fourth largest by purchasing power parity (PPP). According to the book 'Contours of the World Economy.K. According to the BRIC report. Economists predict that by 2020. India was the largest economy from the year 1 AD until the colonial period whereupon it was taken over by other countries such as China and the U. India will be the second largest economy after china by 2043. published by Goldman Sachs. 1-2030AD' by Angus Maddison. India will be among the leading economies of the world.

` Indian Railways has more than 64.6 million employees ` Fares on the Indian Railways across categories are among the cheapest in the world . China.777 mi) of track and 6. The railways traverse the length and breadth of the country and carry over 20 million passengers and 2 million tons of Freight daily. Russia. It has the world's fourth largest railway network after that of the United states. with more than 1.909 stations.The first railway station was Chatrapati Shivaji terminus .015 kilometres (39. It is one of the world's largest commercial or utility employers.


` India has a large road network of over 3.16) or Brazil's (0. At 0.20). .65) and far higher than that of China's (0.1 million miles).66 km of highway per square kilometer of land the density of India¶s highway network is higher than that of the United States (0.314 million Kilometers of roadways (2. making it 2nd largest road network in the world.


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