VARIABLE VALVE TIMING IN I.

C ENGINES

T.V.V.N MAHESH 293175225

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Contents 1. 7. 4. 5. Objective Introduction Need for VVT Types of VVT Working Development of VVT Advantages of VVT 2 . 2. 6. 3.

Objective Developing efficient I. 3 .C engines with improved breathing capacity at high speeds and peak torque at startup conditions.

 Less overlap produces a smooth idle and slow speed torque.INTRODUCTION  Valve overlap is the amount of time the intake and exhaust valves are both open at once. . but poor performance at low speeds resulting in higher exhaust emissions. ‡ More valve overlap allows better engine breathing at high speeds.  Engines with fixed valve timing can only operate 4 most efficiently at one specific speed. but poor high speed performance because there is not enough time for complete scavenging to occur.

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and deliver better performance at high speeds ‡ VVT allows the lift.NEED FOR VVT ‡ Engines with variable valve timing can operate efficiently at a wider range of speeds. 7 . duration or timing of the intake and/or exhaust valves to be changed while the engine is in operation.

TYPES OF VVT There are two types of variable valve timing cam phasing cam changing 8 .

and actuated by hydraulic valve gears. the inlet camshaft phasing can be rotated in advance to enable earlier intake.CAM PHASING VVT Cam phasing VVT varies valve timing by shifting the phase angle of the camshaft. This is controlled by the engine management system. 9 . increasing the amount of valve overlap. At high engine speeds.

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VANE TYPE MECHANISM TO CHANGE THE PHASE ANGLE OF THE CAM SHAFT 11 .

12 .Vane is pressed by the hydraulic pressure and rotates inside the housing to change the phase angle of the cam shaft.

transferring its 13 movement to the intake valves. ‡ The center rocker arm follows a larger and more aggressive profile. . ‡ At engine speeds above 5000 to 6000 rpm. the engine ECU activates an oil pressure controlled pin that locks the three rocker arms together.CAM CHANGING VVT ‡ Cam changing VVT incorporates two sets of cam profiles one for low and mid range rpm and another for high rpm operation.

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Valvetronic.CVVT. Ti-VCT Twin Independent Variable Camshaft ‡ Chrysler-Varies valve timing through concentric camshafts by dualindependent inlet/exhaust valve adjustment ‡ General Motors Corporation(GM). DCVCP (Double Continuous Variable Cam Phasing) ‡ Honda-VTEC. Double VANOS ‡ Ford. CVVT ‡ Porche-VarioCam.Continuous VVT. Valvematic ‡ Volvo. VVT-i. VarioCam Plus 15 .VVT IMPLEMENTATIONS ‡ BMW.MPI. VTEC-E. VarioCam Plus Toyota -VVT. Advanced VTEC ‡ Hyundai. VVTL-i. i-VTEC. VANOS. CPS.Variable Cam Timing.

‡ Optimized fuel to air ratio ensures the air-fuel mixture is combusted more thoroughly. ‡ Power and torque is maximized due to larger scale combustion. ‡ More oxygen is supplied through the air intake valve as more fuel is injected into the combustion chamber.Advantages ‡ With today's VVT systems. active fuel management. ‡ VVT can be coupled with another new technology. engines are so efficient at reducing emissions that the separate EGR valve has become virtually extinct. which allows selective deactivation of multiple cylinders under cruise when full power isn't required. 16 .

THANK YOU 17 .

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