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# 30 Min Culvert Design

Design Steps
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## Step 1) Step Step Step Step Step Step 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7)

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Gather hydrological & site specific data Assume culvert size Find headwater depth for trial size Try another size Compute outlet velocity Determine Invert Protection Document selection

Culvert Location

## Step 1 Cont.) Site Specific Data

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Invert In El. = 564.9 Invert Out El. = 564.5 Pipe Length = 75 Slope = -0.5%

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## Calculate Tail Water, TW

2.5 btm, class 50 rip-rap lined FBD with 2:1 side slopes @ ripoutlet Mannings Equation for discharge

Q = (1.486/n)*A*R2/3S1/2
Using a spreadsheet & setting Q as a function of depth, I get the following results when d=1.7 ft: 15.0 cfs = (1.486/0.07)*10.03ft2*0.99ft2/30.051/2
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TW = 1.7

DR 92+15

Jered Carpenter

11 Feb 08

1 of 1

564.9 75 564.5

50 100

14.9 16.4

1.7 1.8

## Step 3) Find HW Depth For Trial Size

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Assume inlet control From Nomograph, HW/D = 3 HW depth w/ inlet control approx. 569.4 ft., which is too high Ill try a 24 pipe

## Step 3) Find HW Depth For Trial Size

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Assume inlet control From Nomograph, HW/D = 1.2 HW depth w/ inlet control approx. 566.7 ft., which is OK. The 24 pipe looks good so far

DR 92+15

Jered Carpenter

11 Feb 08

1 of 1

564.9 75 564.5

50 100

14.9 16.4

1.7 1.8

## 4.2 569.4 2.4 567.3

Step 3 Continued
Check for outlet control
Need to calculate H, total outlet control head loss Outlet control nomographs can be used if outlet crown is submerged. (TW>Top of Pipe @ Outlet) TW @1.7 < D @ 2 , so I will not use the nomograph
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Step 3 Continued
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Alternatively, H can be calculated by following the steps on the culvert design sheet
Calculate critical depth, dc

Step 3 Continued
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## Following Steps 4 thru 5 on the culvert design sheet:

(dc+D)/2 = (1.4+2)/2 = 1.7 ho = TW or (dc+D)/2 , whichever is greater TW @ 1.7 = (dc+D)/2 @ 1.7 ,use 1.7

DR 92+15

Jered Carpenter

11 Feb 08

1 of 1

564.9 75 564.5

50 100

14.9 16.4

1.7 1.8

## 4.2 569.4 2.4 567.3 1.7 1.4 1.7 1.7

Step 3 Continued
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Calculate Energy losses, H for the culvert From the culvert design sheet:
H = (1+ke+(29*n2*L/R1.33))*(V2/2g)
Ke = .7 (from table 9-3, mitered to slope) 9n = .024 (from table 8-A-2) 8L = 75 Use values of V and R under full flow (d=2) R = 0.5 V = 4.74 ft/s (Average Velocity)

H = 1.52

Step 3) Continued
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Inlet Control HW Elevation = 567.3 Outlet Control HW Elevation = 567.9 The pipe flowing under outlet control.

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## Step 5) Compute Outlet Velocity

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Previously calculated value. Determine if channel protection is required following the guidance in Chapter 11 of the hydraulics manual.

## Step 6) Determine Invert Protection

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Follow guidance in Chapter 5 of the hydraulics manual to determine if & what type of invert protection is required.

## Step 7) Document Selection

Key #15186 Del Rio Rational 52 Ac -0.5% Trapezoid DR 92+15 Jered Carpenter 11 Feb 08 1 of 1

564.9 75 564.5

50 100

14.9 16.4

1.7 1.8

## CMP-Circ.-18-Mitered 14.9 3.0 CMP-Circ.-24-Mitered 14.9 1.2

4.2 569.4 2.4 567.3 1.7 1.4 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 567.9 567.9 4.74 Outlet Control

Trap. Channel: W=2.5 2:1 side slopes N= .07 (class 50 rip rap) S=0.5% Dc=1.7

24 Metal 0.024

Circ. Mitered