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30 Min Culvert Design

Jered Carpenter Region 3 Roadway Design

Design Steps


Step 1) Step Step Step Step Step Step 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7)

     

Gather hydrological & site specific data Assume culvert size Find headwater depth for trial size Try another size Compute outlet velocity Determine Invert Protection Document selection

Del Rio Example

Pictures of Existing Culvert

Step 1) Gather Hydrological Data

Culvert Location

Q = cia = (.35*52*.82) = 14.9 cfs

Step 1 Cont.) Site Specific Data

   

Invert In El. = 564.9 Invert Out El. = 564.5 Pipe Length = 75 Slope = -0.5%

Step 1 Cont.) Site Specific Data




Calculate Tail Water, TW


2.5 btm, class 50 rip-rap lined FBD with 2:1 side slopes @ ripoutlet Mannings Equation for discharge

Q = (1.486/n)*A*R2/3S1/2
Using a spreadsheet & setting Q as a function of depth, I get the following results when d=1.7 ft: 15.0 cfs = (1.486/0.07)*10.03ft2*0.99ft2/30.051/2


TW = 1.7

Key #15186 Del Rio Rational 52 Ac -0.5% Trapezoid

DR 92+15

Jered Carpenter

11 Feb 08

1 of 1

564.9 75 564.5

50 100

14.9 16.4

1.7 1.8

Step 2) Assume Culvert Size

Start With 18 Circular CMP

Step 3) Find HW Depth For Trial Size




Assume inlet control From Nomograph, HW/D = 3 HW depth w/ inlet control approx. 569.4 ft., which is too high Ill try a 24 pipe

Step 3) Find HW Depth For Trial Size




Assume inlet control From Nomograph, HW/D = 1.2 HW depth w/ inlet control approx. 566.7 ft., which is OK. The 24 pipe looks good so far

Key #15186 Del Rio Rational 52 Ac -0.5% Trapezoid

DR 92+15

Jered Carpenter

11 Feb 08

1 of 1

564.9 75 564.5

50 100

14.9 16.4

1.7 1.8

CMP-Circ.-18-Mitered 14.9 3.0 CMP-Circ.-24-Mitered 14.9 1.2

4.2 569.4 2.4 567.3

Step 3 Continued
Check for outlet control
Need to calculate H, total outlet control head loss Outlet control nomographs can be used if outlet crown is submerged. (TW>Top of Pipe @ Outlet) TW @1.7 < D @ 2 , so I will not use the nomograph


Step 3 Continued


Alternatively, H can be calculated by following the steps on the culvert design sheet
Calculate critical depth, dc

Critical depth = 1.4 (from graph located in Chapter 8, appendix B)

Step 3 Continued


Following Steps 4 thru 5 on the culvert design sheet:


(dc+D)/2 = (1.4+2)/2 = 1.7 ho = TW or (dc+D)/2 , whichever is greater TW @ 1.7 = (dc+D)/2 @ 1.7 ,use 1.7

Key #15186 Del Rio Rational 52 Ac -0.5% Trapezoid

DR 92+15

Jered Carpenter

11 Feb 08

1 of 1

564.9 75 564.5

50 100

14.9 16.4

1.7 1.8

CMP-Circ.-18-Mitered 14.9 3.0 CMP-Circ.-24-Mitered 14.9 1.2

4.2 569.4 2.4 567.3 1.7 1.4 1.7 1.7

Step 3 Continued


Calculate Energy losses, H for the culvert From the culvert design sheet:
H = (1+ke+(29*n2*L/R1.33))*(V2/2g)
Ke = .7 (from table 9-3, mitered to slope) 9n = .024 (from table 8-A-2) 8L = 75 Use values of V and R under full flow (d=2) R = 0.5 V = 4.74 ft/s (Average Velocity)

H = 1.52

Step 3) Continued


Inlet Control HW Elevation = 567.3 Outlet Control HW Elevation = 567.9 The pipe flowing under outlet control.

Step 4) Try Another Size




24 pipe is acceptable. Remainder of the Culvert design sheet is completed.

Step 5) Compute Outlet Velocity




Previously calculated value. Determine if channel protection is required following the guidance in Chapter 11 of the hydraulics manual.

Step 6) Determine Invert Protection




Follow guidance in Chapter 5 of the hydraulics manual to determine if & what type of invert protection is required.

Step 7) Document Selection


Key #15186 Del Rio Rational 52 Ac -0.5% Trapezoid DR 92+15 Jered Carpenter 11 Feb 08 1 of 1

564.9 75 564.5

50 100

14.9 16.4

1.7 1.8

CMP-Circ.-18-Mitered 14.9 3.0 CMP-Circ.-24-Mitered 14.9 1.2

4.2 569.4 2.4 567.3 1.7 1.4 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 567.9 567.9 4.74 Outlet Control

Trap. Channel: W=2.5 2:1 side slopes N= .07 (class 50 rip rap) S=0.5% Dc=1.7

24 Metal 0.024

Circ. Mitered