30 Min Culvert Design

Jered Carpenter Region 3 Roadway Design

Design Steps 

Step 1) Step Step Step Step Step Step 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 

    

Gather hydrological & site specific data Assume culvert size Find headwater depth for trial size Try another size Compute outlet velocity Determine Invert Protection Document selection

Del Rio Example .

 Pictures of Existing Culvert .

35*52*.9 cfs .82) = 14.Step 1) Gather Hydrological Data Culvert Location Q = cia = (.

5% . = 564.5¶ Pipe Length = 75¶ Slope = -0.Step 1 Cont. = 564.9¶ Invert Out El.) Site Specific Data     Invert In El.

7 ft: 15. I get the following results when d=1.486/0.03ft2*0.486/n)*A*R2/3S1/2 ‡ Using a spreadsheet & setting Q as a function of depth.051/2  TW = 1.07)*10.5¶ btm.7¶ .) Site Specific Data  Calculate Tail Water.99ft2/30.Step 1 Cont. class 50 rip-rap lined FBD with 2:1 side slopes @ ripoutlet ‡ Manning¶s Equation for discharge Q = (1.0 cfs = (1. TW ‡ 2.

7 1.4 1.5% Trapezoid ³DR´ 92+15 Jered Carpenter 11 Feb 08 1 of 1 564.9 75 564.9 16.5 50 100 14.Key #15186 ± Del Rio Rational 52 Ac -0.8 .

Step 2) Assume Culvert Size Start With 18´ Circular CMP .

4 ft.Step 3) Find HW Depth For Trial Size  Assume inlet control ‡ From Nomograph. which is too high I¶ll try a 24´ pipe   . HW/D = 3 HW depth w/ inlet control approx. 569..

566. HW/D = 1.2 HW depth w/ inlet control approx.7 ft.Step 3) Find HW Depth For Trial Size  Assume inlet control ‡ From Nomograph.. which is OK. The 24´ pipe looks good so far   .

8 CMP-Circ.9 3.5% Trapezoid ³DR´ 92+15 Jered Carpenter 11 Feb 08 1 of 1 564.4 1.9 75 564.-24´-Mitered 14.0 CMP-Circ.4 567.Key #15186 ± Del Rio Rational 52 Ac -0.4 2.7 1.9 16.2 4.-18´-Mitered 14.3 .9 1.2 569.5 50 100 14.

(TW>Top of Pipe @ Outlet) TW @1. so I will not use the nomograph  .Step 3 Continued Check for outlet control Need to calculate H. total outlet control head loss Outlet control nomographs can be used if outlet crown is submerged.7¶ < D @ 2¶ .

Step 3 Continued  Alternatively. appendix B) .4¶ (from graph located in Chapter 8. dc ‡ Critical depth = 1. H can be calculated by following the steps on the culvert design sheet ‡ Calculate critical depth.

7¶ = (dc+D)/2 @ 1.7¶ ‡ ho = TW or (dc+D)/2 .Step 3 Continued  Following Steps 4 thru 5 on the culvert design sheet: ‡ (dc+D)/2 = (1.4¶+2¶)/2 = 1.use 1. whichever is greater TW @ 1.7¶ .7¶ .

9 1.7 1.2 4.5 50 100 14.-18´-Mitered 14.4 1.7 1.5% Trapezoid ³DR´ 92+15 Jered Carpenter 11 Feb 08 1 of 1 564.4 1.-24´-Mitered 14.0 CMP-Circ.4 2.9 3.8 CMP-Circ.3 1.Key #15186 ± Del Rio Rational 52 Ac -0.9 16.7 1.4 567.2 569.7 .9 75 564.

33))*(V2/2g) Ke = .74 ft/s (Average Velocity) ‡ H = 1.7 (from table 9-3.024 (from table 8-A-2) 8L = 75¶ Use values of V and R under full flow (d=2¶) R = 0.52 . H for the culvert From the culvert design sheet: ‡ H = (1+ke+(29*n2*L/R1.Step 3 Continued  Calculate Energy losses.5¶ V = 4. mitered to slope) 9n = .

  .9¶ The pipe flowing under outlet control.3¶ Outlet Control HW Elevation = 567.Step 3) Continued  Inlet Control HW Elevation = 567.

Remainder of the Culvert design sheet is completed.Step 4) Try Another Size  24´ pipe is acceptable.  .

Step 5) Compute Outlet Velocity  Previously calculated value. Step 6) Determine Invert Protection  Follow guidance in Chapter 5 of the hydraulics manual to determine if & what type of invert protection is required. Determine if channel protection is required following the guidance in Chapter 11 of the hydraulics manual. .

7 1.9 75 564. Mitered .9 1.4 567.4 2.7 1.3 1.2 4.5¶ 2:1 side slopes N= .7 1.7 1.4 1.5% Dc=1.4 1.07 (class 50 rip rap) S=0.Step 7) Document Selection Key #15186 ± Del Rio Rational 52 Ac -0.-18´-Mitered 14.7 567.2 569.9 16.-24´-Mitered 14.9 3.5% Trapezoid ³DR´ 92+15 Jered Carpenter 11 Feb 08 1 of 1 564.0 CMP-Circ.5 50 100 14.024 Circ.9 567.7 1. Channel: W=2.8 CMP-Circ.7¶ 24´ Metal 0.74 Outlet Control Trap.9 4.

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