Guantanamo Bay detention camp From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Cuba. after the military abbreviation GTMO for the Guantanamo Bay Naval Base. January 2002 ‡ The Guantanamo Bay detention camp is an extrajudicial detainment and interrogation facility of the United States located within Guantanamo Bay Naval Base. It is operated by the Joint Task Force Guantanamo (JTF-GTMO) of the United States government in Guantanamo Bay Naval Base. and Camp X-Ray. Camp Iguana. The facility is often referred to as Guantánamo.[2][3] .Detainees upon arrival at Camp X-Ray.[1] The detainment areas consist of three camps: Camp Delta (which includes Camp Echo). the last of which has been closed. G-Bay or Gitmo. The facility was established in 2002 by the Bush Administration to hold detainees from the war in Afghanistan and later Iraq. which is on the shore of Guantánamo Bay.

the U. 2009 that Mohammed al-Qahtani was tortured while being held prisoner at Guantanamo Bay.S. Rumsfeld on June 29.S. legal jurisdiction.‡ After the US Department of Justice advised that the Guantanamo Bay detention camp could be considered outside U. that they were entitled to the minimal protections listed under Common Article 3 of the Geneva Conventions. who was appointed by Secretary of Defense Robert Gates to review practices used at Guantanamo Bay. making her the first Bush administration official to concede that torture occurred there. 2002.[8] . the Department of Defense issued an internal memo stating that prisoners would in the future be entitled to protection under Common Article 3. Supreme Court ruled in Hamdan v. the first twenty captives arrived at Guantanamo on January 11.[5][6][7] Susan J. on July 7. Crawford. 2006. 2006.[4] Following this. told Bob Woodward of the Washington Post in an interview in January. After the Bush administration asserted that detainees were not entitled to any of the protections of the Geneva Conventions.

Illinois so as to enable the transfer of Guantanamo prisoners there. the White House announced that President Barack Obama had signed an order to suspend the proceedings of the Guantanamo military commission for 120 days and that the detention facility would be shut down within the year. 2009. 30 detainees from Yemen were designated for 'conditional detention' due to the security environment in Yemen. 2009.[13] The Final Report of the Guantanamo Review Task Force dated January 22. 2009.[15] .‡ On January 22. 2346) by a 90-6 vote to block funds needed for the transfer or release of prisoners held at the Guantanamo Bay detention camp. creating an unexpected challenge for the administration as it reviews how America puts Guantanamo detainees on trial. 2009. a military judge at Guantanamo rejected the White House request in the case of Abd al-Rahim al-Nashiri. the United States Senate passed an amendment to the Supplemental Appropriations Act of 2009 (H. ordering the preparation of the Thomson Correctional Center. Thomson. 126 detainees were approved for transfer.[12] President Obama issued a Presidential memorandum dated December 15.[9][10] On January 29. 2010 published the results for the 240 detainees subject to the Review: 36 were the subject of active cases or investigations. 48 detainees were determined 'too dangerous to transfer but not feasible for prosecution'.[14] The Federation of American Scientists published a report entitled 'Enemy Combatant Detainees: Habeas Corpus Challenges in Federal Court'.[11] On May 20.R.

[18] In April 2011. and thus effectively stops the closure of the detention facility. 2011.‡ On January 7. Wikileaks began publishing 779 secret files relating to prisoners in the Guantanamo Bay detention camp. 2011: The prospects for closing Guantanamo as best I can tell are very. President Obama signed the 2011 Defense Authorization Bill which contains provisions preventing the transfer of Guantanamo prisoners to the mainland or to other foreign countries. one judge observed 'America's idea of what is torture .[16] U. [17] After the United Nations called unsuccessfully for the Guantanamo Bay detention camp to be closed.[20] . very low given very broad opposition to doing that here in the Congress...S. However he strongly objected to the clauses and stated that he would work with Congress to oppose the measures.[19] As of January 2012. Secretary of Defense Gates said during a testimony before the US Senate Armed Services Committee on February 17. does not appear to coincide with that of most civilised nations'. 171 detainees remain at Guantanamo.

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