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What is Counseling?

as a means of helping people acquire the knowledge and skills to solve their own problem

 as an attempt to help a person from proper attitudes. feelings and emotions to make use of his talents .

 as a conference between an adult and a child to discuss some problems and map up a plan of action .

 as a structured relationship which facilitates the understanding of oneself to be positive in life and action .

 as a process of gathering data on a particular problem of an individual in order to give him personal help .

 as a heart to heart sharing between a mature person and immature one as a mutual deliberating together and interchange of opinions  .

What are the Philosophies and Principles of counseling? .

with the situation within which it occurs.The Cognitive Philosophy The Affective Philosophy Focuses upon those behavior changes Focuses upon those behavior changes accomplished through cognitive processes accomplished through affective processes Emphasis on human rationality and Emphasis focus on the client s affective learning theory (thought. expecting that these changes desirable behavior formed will eventually lead the counselee to behave differently. emotions) Counseling effort are devoted to the identification of the maladaptive behavior. what maintains it and environmental factors which have the potentiality of reinforcing the new behavior Counseling efforts are spent in helping the counselee identify those emotional responses that are inappropriate which lead to the distortion of everyday events. actions) state and emotional response to his problem situation (feelings. its origin. Uses strategies where in the maladaptive Helps the client feel better and think behavior may be extinguished and the differently. behavior. The practice of the new behavior is Use the affective reinforcement of the new increased through the use of reinforcement behavior techniques Figure 1 .

3. Counseling is based on recognition of the dignity and worth of the individual and on his right to personal assistance in time of need. sequential and educational process.Notwithstanding the different philosophies of counseling. 2. Counseling is a continuous. (Beck. 1969) cites the following basic principles used in counseling: 1. Counseling is client-centered being concerned with the optimum development of the whole person and the fullest realization of his potentialities for individual and social ends. .

7. . hence. Counseling is oriented around cooperation not compulsion. with no place for coercion. plans.4. it is monitory in character. interpretations and adjustments in the critical situation in life. 6. Counseling must respect the right of every person to accept or refuse the services it offers. Counseling has a responsibility to society as well as the individual. Counseling implies assistance given to persons making wise choices. 5.

assistance. The focus of counseling is on helping the individual realize and actualize his best self rather than in isolated problems. Counseling must be under scientific evaluation in terms of its effectiveness. whether they are problems of the individual assistance. Counseling demands a comprehensive study of the individual in his cultural setting by the use of every scientific method available. . 10. Individual understanding precedes individual 9.8.

What is the Theory of Counseling for Filipinos? .

1) A theory of counseling should identify general objectives and goals which individuals may be aided to approximate as a result of the counseling relationship. 2) No theory of counseling is good if it prescribes identified goals of attainment for every person.Theory a set of assumptions from which a set of empirical laws or principles may be derived. . since such a theory violates the moral right of the individual to choose his own goals.

of interpersonal relationship involved in human development should at least be implicit in a theory of counseling. at least provisionally. The forms and the pattern. A theory of counseling should identify. A theory of counseling should indicate or delineate. 4. as well as the quality. . desirable and desired forms of human development 5. subject to experimentation and professional practice.3. the means or techniques for working toward the end goals selected by the individual.

and then choose from among the role models. 7) A theory of counseling within education should identify and suggest alternative and optional standards or modes of excellence or value hierarchies in human development. and employ his potentiality and aspirations. those which will serve as guidelines in his own development. 8) A theory of counseling should structure means of helping each individual appraise. that are available. and serve as guidelines toward the direction of human development. .6) Some attention must be given in a theory of counseling to society s concern and interest in individual human development. 9) A theory of counseling should point to. or value commitments. evaluate.

What are the Components of a Filipino Theory of Counseling? .

1) Nature of Man 2) Man s Relationship with the Universe 3) Human Potentialities 4) The Enriched Personality 5) Counselor Attitude and Techniques .

What are the Assumptions of the Filipino Approach to Counseling? .

. A counseling relationships will presumably be more fruitful if it allows the Filipino to look at the positive and negative polarities of his values. Uniqueness of Filipino individuality is assumed and that individuality comes to fruition within the context of relationship with people of other cultures. It is assumed that the purpose of counseling and the means employed will help the Filipino to develop a coherent or integrated value system for his optimum development.I. II. III.

V. life. work and activities (kalabasan) to do. their shares of responsibility and promote social growth. It is implied that Filipinos with positive values and proper sense of values will carry out these values (kalooban) into their behavior. There should be free choice and decision on the part of the Filipino counselee to positivize his values and to form a positive proper sense of values. .IV. action.

Why is There a Need for Counseling Service in Every Organizations? .

The employee becomes irritable and is at odds with everyone 4.A Need for Counseling in our Industrial Setting may be Indicated by any of the Following Situations: 1. The employee s energy level takes a sharp dip . The employee s mood and manner change 2. The employee s job performance change from satisfactory to unsatisfactory 3.

The employee resents suggestions and corrections 8. There is a sudden rash of seemingly unjustified accidents.5. The employee becomes a troublemaker . There is an increase in caseless mistakes 7. 6.

What is the Purpose of Counseling? .

To give the counselee information on matters important to his success 2.1. To get information about the counselee which will be of help to him in solving his problems 3. To help the counselee work out a plan for solving his difficulties . To establish a feeling of mutual understanding between counselee and counselor 4.

To inspire successful endeavor toward the attainment or realization of objectives 8.5. & available opportunities 6. To encourage special talents and develop right attitudes 7. abilities & aptitudes. To help the counselee know himself better. his interests. To assist the counselee in planning for his educational and vocational choices .

What are the Guidelines for effective Counseling? .

an ability to respond empathically to the counselee .1. an ability to attend to the counselee s internal world of feeling c. The basic helping skills are the ff. an ability to accept counselee in a nonjudgmental way b.: a.

Regarding knowledge of the Counselee. some understanding of the significance of essential data c. an understanding that there may be a difference between the present problem underlying problem and the . an ability to elicit essential data from the counselee b.2. there should be: a.

3. Skillfulness in the counseling relationship demands the following: a. nonpossessive helping relationship . appropriateness of one s own emotional responses c. ability to enter into an empathic. capacity for empathic response d. respect for the right of the counselee b.

e. an emerging awareness of and trust in the therapeutic process f. an ability to accept the responsibilities a professional helping relationship inherent in . an ability to maintain a professional helping relationship adhering to the concept of the working alliance g.

Get the counselee to see how this behavior is blocking goal achievement 5. Deal with the issue without quarrelling 6. Make a written summary of the session . advice: 1. Find out what the counselee s goals are 4. Put the counselee at ease 2.In conducting a counseling session properly. Win the counselee s confidence 3. Andres and Andres cite Guarino who gives the ff.

macario BSBA III Human Resource Management . Bernadet D.Reported By: Ma.