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Dynamic Engineering System
Linear Motion

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Linear Motion
Motion with constant acceleration

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Velocity

u = initial velocity v = final velocity v±u v

u t
Time

gradient = acceleration acceleration = a

Rearrange equation: 1

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Velocity

u = initial velocity v = final velocity
Area 1

v±u
Area 2

v

u
Time

area under = distance graph distance = s

t area under = area 1 + area 2 graph Rearrange equation:

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We have: Rearrange equation: 2 So,

We also have:

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We have:

Rearrange equation: We also have: 3

So,

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3 Main Equations:
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Alternative method
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Alternative method
}

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Example 1 - Question
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Example 2 -Question
the deceleration of a car that is brought to rest in 60 m from a speed of 45 km/h. What is the time taken? } t = 9.6 s #
} Find

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Example 3 - Question
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Example 4 - Question
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Example 4 - Solution
= 133.3 m. The car hit the cow because with the given retardation, the car will stop after 133.3 m # } v = 16 m/s. The car hit the cow because after 50 m, the car still have velocity, that means the car is still moving #
}s

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Example 5 - Question
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Revision
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Revision
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Linear Motion
Vertical motion under gravity

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Acceleration due gravity = g If an object moves

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Example 1 - Question
object is projected vertically upwards with an initial velocity of 40 m/s. Calculate (a) the maximum height reached, (b) the time taken to reach the maximum height, (c) the time taken for the object to fall back to its initial point of projection. } s = 81.5 m # } t = 4.1 s # } t = 4.1 s #
} An

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Revision
brick falls off the top of building. If the height of the building is 20 m, determine the time the bricks takes to reach the ground. } A ball is thrown vertically upwards with a velocity of 15 m/s. Determine the greatest height reached above the point of projection.
}A

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Revision
}A

ball is thrown vertically downwards with an initial velocity with an initial velocity of 4 m/s from the edge of a cliff. If the ball hits the ground at the base of the cliff after 2s, determine the height of the cliff.