ASSESSMENT & CHALLENGES IN PRODUCTION OF MANGOES AND OTHER COMMODITIES

BY DR. ELIZABETH N. FARIN RESEARCH, EXTENSION AND TRAINING PRESENTATION OF TWO YEAR RMTU DEVELOPMENT PLAN November 3-4, 2011

FUNDAMENTAL QUESTIONS 
What are

the challenges experienced in the production of mango and other important commodities? 

What options do

we have in addressing these challenges?

INTRODUCTION
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´Carabao ´mango, also known as the Manila super mango, is the country·s top export variety and is considered one of the best mango varieties in the world. It holds the record of the sweetest mango in the world because of its Sweet Elena variety. Sweet Elena variety is found in Central Luzon particularly in Zambales province.

Philippines is the 8th world¶s top ten mango exporting countries with 2.74% share of world export. In Asia, Philippines shares 4.65% of the total mango production (FAO, 2005). It is also the 8th world¶s top ten largest producers with 985 metric tons. Ninety eight (98%) of the world¶s export is fresh mangoes and the rest is in processed form.

In 2007, a total of 26.3 m kg fresh mangoes were exported to various parts of the world while 2.62 m kg were exported as dried mango. The rest which is 13.81 m kgs were exported in other forms such as puree, concentrate and other forms. Although, 93% of the mango supply is consumed locally, the major export market for fresh mangoes are Hongkong, China and Japan while for processed mango products include US , Singapore, Germany, New Zealand and Canada.

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As of 2008, the total mango production area is 186,770 has distributed in the various regions of the country. Central Luzon with 33, 200 hectares planted to mango is the largest producer which accounts for 18.15% of the country·s total production areas followed by Ilocos region with a total of 22,099 has, third is Region 4A with 14,832 the fourth is Cagayan Valley with10,100 has.

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However, in terms of the top producing provinces, Pangasinan has the largest production area of 15,263 has, Davao del Sur has 13,292 has, Batangas has 11,970 has, Nueva Ecija has 11,103 has, Bulacan with 8,835 has and Zambales has 7,883 has. In Central Luzon, areas planted to mango are still low in Aurora, Tarlac, Pampanga and Bataan.

Although most of the R & D activities of RMTU is on mango, other efforts are also in cashew, native chicken and pig, organic vegetable production, biofuel-sorghum and jatropha, coastal resource management and socio economic research.

4.0 CHALLENGES (mango)
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production areas y Low productivity y Poor fruit quality y Low income y Low export y Pests and diseases y High pesticides residue 

Inadequate Post-Harvest

handling techniques and facilities that lead to significant losses  Seasonal over-production  Lack of facilities for research and development  Limited access to information on technology in value addition

CHALLENGES (OTHERS)
CRM -Lack of facilities for research and development y Vegetable production -high pesticidal residues y biofuel-Sorghum and jatropha -lack of tolerant variety for lahar affected areas -pests and diseases
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CHALLENGES (OTHERS)
Native chicken and pigs -limited and small scale production y Cashew -Low productivity -Small production areas y Socio economic research -Minimal research on impact assessment of technologies disseminated
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Limited knowledge

on value addition opportunitiesprocessing. Stringent international market requirements

INTERVENTIONS.
Upgrading of R & D facilities Development of techniques to produce organic mangoes Develop protocol for the control of major insect pests and diseases of mango-mango twig borer and cecid fly Commercialization and promotion of mango processing technologies

Commercialization and promotion of good agricultural practices in production and post harvest handling of mango y Dwarfing of mango
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Native pigs and chicken -Commercialization and promotion native pig production and chicken

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Build capacity on technical skills through Farmers exchange tours Demonstration farms Farmers training Public-private partnerships Improved research- extension- farmer linkages Promotion of products thru displays and exhibitions

-END-

Thank You«.