} allows an organization to offer a safe and reliable product and service through pragmatic design and effective capacity planning.PROCESS SELECTION } Plays an important part in over all design of production and operations management systems. .

FACTORS THAT ARE INVOLVED IN THE MAKE OR BUY DECISION.MAKE OR BUY DECISION } In such a situation you will have to decide up on producing the item or goods internally or outsourcing it. } } } } } Cost of production Cost of raw materials Cost of labor The financial capability of the organization (both own organization and outsourced organization) Political. It is this decision when made correctly will definitely help you save a lot of money and time. environmental or social reasons may influence the make or buy decisions . and at the same time a wrong choice will leave a very drastic influence in every future production decision you make.

Recruitment. which support the core processes. Advertising and Marketing. Typical management processes include "Corporate Governance" and "Strategic Management". the processes that govern the operation of a system. Operational processes. and Sales. processes that constitute the core business and create the primary value stream. Examples include Accounting. Typical operational processes are Purchasing. Technical support. Manufacturing. Supporting processes. Call center. } } .TYPES OF PROCESS } Management processes.

PRODUCT-PROCESS LIFECYCLE MATRIX (PLM) } Product lifecycle management. } } } } } ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS OF PLM: Manages design and process documents Identifies materials content for environmental compliance Enables workflow and process management for approving changes . and (b) a communication process between product stakeholders: principally marketing. sometimes "product life cycle management". engineering. support and ultimate disposal of manufactured goods. manufacturing and field service. PLM can be thought of as both (a) a repository for all information that affects a product. production. represents an all-encompassing vision for managing all data relating to the design.

. In the scope of industrialization.AUTOMATION } the use of control systems and information technologies to reduce the need for human work in the production of goods and services. automation is a step beyond mechanization.

space. fire. underwater.[2] Replacing humans in tasks done in dangerous environments (i. nuclear facilities.) Performing tasks that are beyond human capabilities of size. etc. Reduces operation time and work handling time significantly. endurance. etc. volcanoes.The main advantages of automation are: } } } } Replacing human operators in tasks that involve hard physical or monotonous work. . weight. speed.e.

Security Threats/Vulnerability: An automated system may have limited level of intelligence. Unpredictable development costs: The research and development cost of automating a process may exceed the cost saved by the automation itself. although the cost of automation is spread in many product batches of things . High initial cost: The automation of a new product or plant requires a huge initial investment in comparison with the unit cost of the product.The main disadvantages of automation are: } } } } } Unemployment rate increases due to machines replacing humans and putting those humans out of their jobs. Technical Limitation: Current technology is unable to automate all the desired tasks. hence it is most likely susceptible to commit error.

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