Verb Tense

Tense denotes the time of the action indicated by a verb. The time is not always the same as that indicated by the name of the tense.

9 Types

Present Tense   Present tense may express action which is going on at the present time or which occurs always. repeatedly. Examples: He sees the train. or habitually. . He eats cereal for breakfast every day.

Example: Tim likes bananas. you use the simple present tense. . Mary enjoys singing. or saying something you know about a person or thing.Present Tense   When you are talking about facts. Mum hates cockroaches.

We join the senior school next year. My big brother leaves school in July this year. . future.Present Tense   You use the simple present tense to talk about things that have been arranged for the future. Examples: Mary starts school tomorrow.

Examples: He wrote the letter yesterday. She lived to be 90 years old. .Past Tense   Past tense expresses action completed at a definite time in the past.

shall is used for 1st person and will for 2nd and 3rd persons. Examples: He will send the letter tomorrow. I shall wait here until you return. It uses the helping verbs will or shall* and the present tense form of the verb). . * Traditionally.Future Tense     Future tense expresses action which will take place in the future.

(continuing) (continuing) I have made you a cup of tea. (completed action) . (completed action) The Waltons have lived here for seven years. Examples:    He has written a letter to his uncle.Present Perfect Tense    Present perfect tense expresses action completed at the present time (perfect means complete) or begun in the past and continuing into the present. This tense uses the helping verbs has and have and the past participle of the verb.

Example:   She had written the letter before I saw her. .Past Perfect Tense    Past perfect tense expresses action completed before certain time in the past.) beforeIt uses the helping verb had and the past participle of the verb. We hadn¶t been at the party long when Jack arrived. (This is the before-past tense.

Example:  He will have finished the paper before next Friday. (This is the before-future tense) beforeIt uses the helping verbs will have or shall have and the past participle of the verb.Future Perfect Tense    Future perfect tense expresses action which will be completed before a certain time in the future. .

Present Continuous Tense   You use the present continuous tense to talk about actions in the present. now. present. Examples:     I am learning how to swim. The blackbird is feeding its young. She is reading a story book. You are singing too loudly. or things that are going on or happening now. .

future.Present Continuous Tense   You also use the present continuous tense to talk about things that you have planned to do in the future.  I¶m starting piano lessons soon.  .  Jim's parents are taking him to Australia next week. Examples: We are going camping tomorrow.

For example:    Learn + ing = learning Sing + ing = singing Read + ing = reading Present Participle .Grammar Help  You form the present continuous tense like this:    Am + present participle Is + present participle Are + present participle  You form the present participle by adding ±ing to the verb.

Muneeba was cleaning the chalkboard. Examples:    Ms. Ali was making the model of a bridge. .Past Continuous Tense   You use past continuous to talk about actions that were going on. Sara was finishing her sums. or happening at a certain moment in the past.

 Was drawing  Were driving  .Grammar Help  You form the past continuous tense like this: Was + present participle.  Were + present participle.

Sometimes these are continuous actions and sometimes single actions. . actions.Future Continuous Tense   You use the future continuous tense to talk about things that have been planned or are likely to happen. I will be waiting at the gate when you come out of school. Examples: I shall be sending invitations for the concert to all your parents. happen.

Grammar Help  You form the future continuous tense like this: Shall + be+ present participle  Will + be + present participle  Shall be leaving  Will be opening  .

Verb Forms Verb Forms Regular Irregular .

. More than 95% of all English verbs are regular.Regular Verbs    Regular verbs form their past tense and past participle by adding ±ed or ±d to their present tense form. Regular verbs cause few problems in speaking and writing.

dusts calling called (have) called (have) dusted To dust dusting dusted . calls dust.Regular verbs and their Principal Parts Principal Parts: Present Present Past Participle Tense Tense Past Participle Verb: To call call.

These forms cause even native speakers innumerable problems. The most irregular verb of all is the verb to be. be.Irregular Verbs     Irregular verbs can form their past tense and past participle forms in various way. . have. Another irregular verb that is important for its use with other verbs is the verb to have.

are. has having . is being was. am.Four Principal/Main Parts Principal Parts: Present Tense Present Past Participle Tense Past Participle Verb: To Be be. were had (have) been (have) had To Have have.

does doing fly.Other Common Irregular Verbs and their Principal Parts Principal Part Verb Present Tense Present Participle Past Tense Past Participle To see To do To fly To run see. seeing sees do. flies flying saw did flew ran run. runs running (have) seen (have) done (have) flown (have) run .

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