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Phylum Arthropoda


Largest and most successful phylum in the animal kingdom. 75% of all animals! Exoskeleton made of Chitin (light/hard polysaccharide). Must molt or shed exoskeleton to grow Jointed Appendages. CephalizationCephalization-compound eyes, ocelli (eyespots), antennae. Segmented Billateral symmetry

Evolution of Arthropods
Fossilized Trilobites 

Evolution of Arthropods 

Typical primitive arthropod:
many identical segments with a pair of appendages. 

Evolution led to fewer segments and specialized appendages

 Lobsters & crabs are the giants of this group-most groupare a few centimeters long.SUBPHYLUM MANDIBULATES Antennae. Chilopoda & classesInsecta.  . Diplopoda.  Crustaceans-add some limestone to the chitinous Crustaceansexoskeleton. Mandibles & Maxillae  Includes 4 classes-Crustacea.

mate. crawl. lobsters  2 pairs of antennae-sense antennaesurroundings  Dominant arthropods in sea (as insects are on land)  Appendages to swim. attach.Class Crustacea Shrimps. crabs. feed  .

Crustaceans In addition to lobsters & crabs.  Due to the nature of their rigid exoskeleton. crustaceans must molt or shed their shell in order to grow. shrimp.  They use an enzyme to split their shell & then crawl out. copepods and barnacles all belong to this class.  .

filter feed.1) Small Crustaceans CopepodsCopepods. shrimp-like.planktonic. planktonic.extremely abundant. filter feed  Barnacles. have Krillshrimpcarapace to cover anterior. filter feed  . Barnaclesbody enclosed by calcareous plates  Krill.usually sessile.



lobsters.2) Larger CrustaceansCrustaceansDecapods: Decapods: shrimps. and crabs Five pairs of legs. first pair are claws  Carapace encloses cephalothorax (anterior region)  (posterior region) is abdomen  .

Shrimps and Lobsters Long abdomens (tails we eat)  Scavengers for food  Lobsters prey on mollusks  .

Hermit Crabs Not true crabs  Scavengers  Hide abdomens in empty gastropod shells  .

True Crabs Small abdomen and tucked under cephalothorax  V-shape ab. in males  U-shape ab. in females  Largest and most diverse of decapods  Scavengers and predators  .


Male Jonah Crab .

Female Jonah Crab .

appendages near mouth (decapods have 3 pairs)  Food passes to stomach w/ teeth for grinding  Digestive glands w/ enzymes  Intestine leads to anus  Nutrients distributed through open circulatory system  .Feeding MaxillipedsMaxillipeds.

.Circulatory System QuickTimeΠand a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.

000 sensitive units)  Keen sense of smell  Body postures/movements to communicate w/ each other  Simple brain  .Response (nervous) Well developed sense organs  Compound eyes (opposite of simplesimple14.


Reproduction Separate sexes sexual reproduction  Males directly transfer sperm to females  Ex. Barnacle stretches out appendage to local females  Mating occurs after female molts  .


METAMORPHOSIS One last reason for arthropod success is their ability to go through stages that exploit different food at different times in their life.  Incomplete Metamorphosis-Egg-Nymph-Adult.  Complete Metamorphosis-Egg-Larvae-Pupae-Adult. Metamorphosis-Egg-Larvae-Pupae . The Metamorphosis-Egg-Nymphnymph stage is like a miniature form of the adult.

Class Arachnids-8 legs Arachnids2 body parts-spiders. Book lungs/gills . partsticks. mites. scorpions. Class MerostomataMerostomataHorseshoe crabs. 2 Classes.SUBPHYLUM CHELICERATE      FangFang-like mouthparts (Chelicerae)(Chelicerae)-Pedipalps for sense.

Carapace 2. Compound eye 4. Anterior spine Five pair of legs . Telson 3.Horseshoe Crab      1.


ARACHNIDS  Spiders Scorpions   Ticks .

MILLIPEDES & CENTIPEDES Class Diplopoda-The Diplopodamillipedes only have about 100 legs with 2 pairspairs-legs/segment  Class Chilopoda-The Chilopodacentipedes have fewer legs (1 pair/segment).  While millipedes scavenge on decaying plant material. centipedes are predators w/venom glands.  .

Mandibles  Malpighian tubules (Kidneys) get rid of their wastes. Thorax & Abdomen parts 6 legs. Antennae.CLASS INSECTA Class Insecta-largest group of animals in the world! Insecta 3 Body parts-Head.  .