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Basic Concepts of Signalling

Definitions
Definitions
Adequate Distance:
– means the distance sufficient to ensure safety.
Definitions
Adequate Distance:
– means the distance sufficient to ensure safety.
Signal 1 Signal 2

For taking off Signal 1, portion shown


beyond Signal 2 must also be clear. This
portion is the Adequate Distance.
Definitions
Block Section:
– Means that portion of the running line between
two block stations on to which no running train
may enter until Line Clear has been received
from the block station at the other end of the
block station.
Adv. Starter
Block Section Home Signal

Block Overlap
Station 1 Station 2
Definitions
Station Section:
Means that section of station limits:
(1) At a class B station provided with two aspect signals, which is included-
(a) On a double line, between Home Signal and the Last Stop Signal of the station in either
direction; or,
(b) On a single line-
i) Between the Shunting Limit Boards or Adv. Strs(if any), or
ii) Between the Home Signals if there are no Shunting Limit Boards or Adv Strs, or
iii) Between the outermost facing points, if there are no Home Signals or Shunting Limit Boards
or Adv Strs;
(2) At a class B station provided with manually operated multiple-aspect or modified lower quadrant
signals, which is included-
(a) On a double line-
i) Between the outermost facing points and the last Stop Signal of the station in either direction,
or
ii) Between the BSLB where provided and the Last Stop Signal of the station in either direction,
or
(b) On a single line-
i) Between the Shunting Limit Boards or Adv. Strs (if any), or
ii) Between the outermost facing points, if there are no Shunting Limit Boards or Adv Strs.
Y

Station Section
(shown in green)
Station Section
(shown in green)
Definitions

Station Limits means the portion of a


railway which is under the control of a
Station Master and is situated between
the outermost signals of the station or as
may be specified by special instructions.
Definitions
Block Back:
– Means to despatch a message from a Block Station intimating to the
block station immediately in rear on a double line or to the next block
station on either side on a single line, that the block section is obstructed
or is to be obstructed.
Definitions
Block Back:
– Means to despatch a message from a Block Station intimating to the
block station immediately in rear on a double line or to the next block
station on either side on a single line, that the block section is obstructed
or is to be obstructed.

Station 2 Blocks
Back this line

Station 1 blocks
back this line
Station 1 Station 2
Definitions
Block Forward:
– Means to despatch a message from a Block Station on a double line
intimating to the block station immediately in advance the fact that the
block section in advance is obstructed or is to be obstructed.

Station 1 Blocks
Forward this line

Station 2 blocks
Station 1 Forward this line Station 2
Definitions
In Rear Of A Signal: means the territory over
which an approaching train has to pass before
reaching the signal location.
In Advance Of A Signal: A term used in defining a
territory beyond a signal as seen from the
approaching train

Direction of train

In rear of signal In advance of signal


Definitions
Line Capacity means the maximum number of trains that can be run
on any given section during a calender day of 24 hours.

Running Train means a train which has started under an authority to


proceed and has not completed its journey.

Day means from sunrise to sunset.


Night means from sunset to sunrise.
Definitions
Classification of Stations
Block Stations : Class A, Class B, Class C
Non-block Stations : Class D
Definitions
Class A stations: where Line Clear may not be given for a
train unless the line on which it is intended to receive the train is
clear for at least 400 metres beyond the Home signal, or upto the
Starter.
Class B stations: where Line Clear may be given for a train
before the line has been cleared for the reception of the train
within the station section.
Class C stations: block huts, where Line Clear may not be
given for a train unless the whole of the last preceding train has
passed complete atleast 400 metres beyond the Home signal, and
is continuing journey. This will also include an Intermediate
Block Post.
Definitions

Approved Special Instructions mean special


instructions approved of or prescribed by the Commissioner of
Railway Safety.

Authority to Proceed means the authority given to the


driver of a running train under the system of working to enter the
Block Section with his train.
Definitions

Day means from sunrise to sunset

Night means from sunset to sunrise