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Isolation & Simultaneous

Reception
Isolation: Definition
• Isolation means a condition in which a line
is separated from all adjoining lines in such
manner that it cannot be fouled by any
movement taking place on the adjoining
lines.
Isolation: Requirements
GR 4.11 Limits of speeds while running through stations -
(1) No train shall run through an interlocked station at a speed
exceeding 50 kmph ... unless the line on which the train is
to run has been isolated from all other lines by the setting
of points … and interlocking is such as to maintain this
condition during the passage of the train.
(2) In every case in which trains are permitted to run through
on a non-isolated line, all shunting shall be stopped and no
vehicle unattached to an engine or not properly secured in
accordance with Rule 5.23 may be kept standing on a
connected line which is not isolated from the through line.
Isolation: Requirements
• Exception to GR 4.11 is made at running
junctions, where two block section lines meet at
the same end of a station, equipped with full
complement of signals.
• Where track circuits or other appliances have been
provided to check that non-isolated lines are clear
or occupied and the signalling is such that it is
possible to give a distinct indication to the driver,
then physical isolation may be dispensed with.
Isolation: Requirements
• Rules for the opening of a Railway for the public
carriage of passengers lay down vide Chapter VIII
(Part III) that:
– Points for trap sidings must not be inserted in the main
or through line. (item 2)
• Note: Insertion of catch sidings and slip sidings is however
permitted.
– passenger lines shall be isolated from all goods lines
and sidings. (item 3)
– it is desirable to isolate goods running lines from goods
sidings. (item 4)
Isolation: Requirements
Rules for the opening of a Railway for the public
carriage of passengers lay down vide Chapter VIII
(Part III) contd. :
• Goods running lines may not be isolated from each other.
(item 5)
• Isolation may be accomplished by connection to another
line or long siding, by providing short dead end sidings or
by providing traps. (item 6)
Isolation: Implementation

Line 1

Line 2 (Main Line)

Line 3

Main Line NOT Isolated from Line 1;


Hence run through speed cannot exceed 50 KMPH
Isolation: Implementation

Line 1

Line 2 (Main Line)

Line 3

Main Line Isolated from Line 1 & 3;


Hence run through speed can exceed 50 KMPH
Simultaneous Reception

GR 3.47 Taking ‘off’ signals for more than one train


at a time - When two or more trains are approaching
simultaneously from any direction, the signals for one
train only shall be taken ‘off’, other necessary signals
being kept at ‘on’, until the train for which the signals
have been taken ‘off’ has come to a stand at the station,
and the signals so taken ‘off’ for the said train have
been put back to ‘on’, except where under special
instructions, the interlocking or the layout of the yard
renders a contrary procedure safe.
Simultaneous Reception

GR 5.16 Shunting during reception of trains - When


signals have been taken ‘off’ for an incoming train on to a
line which is not isolated, no shunting movement shall be
carried out towards points over which the incomong train
is to pass.
Simultaneous Reception

Line 1

Line 2 (Main Line)

Line 3
Simultaneous Reception

Line 1

Line 2 (Main Line)

Line 3

UNIDIRECTIONAL
Simultaneous Reception

Line 1

Line 2 (Main Line)

Line 3
Simultaneous Reception

Line 1

Line 2 (Main Line)

Line 3

UNIVERSAL