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Concepts of Signalling

Intermediate Sidings
Intermediate Sidings
• Sidings taking off from passenger running
lines outside station limits (i.e., in the Block
Section) are called Intermediate or Outlying
Sidings
• SEM 7.75, 7.76 and 7.77 cover the
requirements of such siding points
Intermediate Sidings
• Minimum Points equipment at siding points
on single line sections:
– A gauge tie plate where steel sleepers are not
provided
– A Facing Point Lock the plunger of which shall
lock each switch independently
• Control of Points shall be by a key which
shall prove the setting and locking of Points
for the running line. This key shall be
interlocked with the Block Instruments
Intermediate Sidings
• Minimum Points equipment at siding points
in the facing direction on double line
sections:
– A gauge tie plate where steel sleepers are not
provided
– A Facing Point Lock the plunger of which shall
lock each switch independently
• Control of Points shall be by a key which
shall prove the setting and locking of Points
for the running line. This key shall be
interlocked with the Block Instruments
Intermediate Sidings
• Minimum Points equipment at siding points
in the trailing direction on double line
sections:
– A gauge tie plate where steel sleepers are not
provided
– A Key Lock the key of which can only be
extracted when points are set and locked for the
running line
• Points shall be controlled through the Block
system in force
Intermediate Sidings
• Provision of Markers and Signals:
• These depend on the sectional speed.

– Where sectional speed is upto 50 kmph, no


Markers and boards are required
Intermediate Sidings
• Provision of Markers and Signals:
• These depend on the sectional speed.
– Where the sectional speed is more than 50 kmph,
an ‘S’ marker at the Points and a Speed Indicator
board (indicating 50 kmph) at 30 m from the
points will be provided in the facing direction. A
Caution and Termination Indicator shall also be
provided
– In the trailing direction, only the ‘S’ Marker at
Fouling mark is provided
Intermediate Sidings

50

T
S
800 m (min) 30 m

Train Length
Intermediate Sidings
– Where speed more than 50 kmph is to be
allowed over the facing points (para 166 d of
SEM 1955),
• Point equipment as per para 144, and
• a stop signal adjacent to the points detecting each
switch and facing point lock, and
• a warner or distant or warning board at EBD in the
rear shall be provided
Intermediate Sidings
• Some important points:
– Speed restriction of 50 kmph is only in the
facing direction.
– No speed restriction in the trailing direction
– Intermediate Sidings are always provided with
isolation. A trap indicator is provided but is not
lit at night.
– All bolts, studs, pins etc. of apparatus used for
locking and control of points shall be rivetted to
prevent unauthorised interference
Intermediate Sidings
• Some more points:
– Responsibility for operation of siding points
rests with the Guard of the train
– After shunting the train into the siding, the
points are again set for the main line and
normal block working can be restored
– This is achieved by special type of block
instruments and keys interlocked with block
instruments
Intermediate Sidings
• Operation of Intermediate Sidings:
– Points are controlled through the Block System
– On single line, the key for the points is released by
the token
– On double line, the key for siding points is released
when Instrument is in TOL position
– Double Line Block Instruments with occupation key
are also available. This key locks the BI in normal,
when taken out. It is given to the Guard, who, after
putting the train into the siding, returns the key to
the station through EKT. The BI can then be
unlocked to resume normal Block working.
Intermediate Sidings
• Operation of Intermediate Sidings:
– On single line, Token-Key Exchangers are used
• The Exchanger at the station has one token and no Key
locked into it
• The Exchanger at the Siding has no token and a Key
locked into it
– The ASM obtains LC and takes out a token from the BI.
It is given to the Guard, who, after reaching the Siding,
puts the token in the Exchanger and takes out the Key.
This is used to unlock the siding points. After putting the
train into the siding and normalising the points, he
returns the key to the station through EKT. The ASM
uses the Key to release the token in the Exchanger. The
BI can then be normalised by using this token.
Intermediate Sidings
• Operation of Intermediate Sidings:
– The procedure is reversed when the train has to come
out of the siding.
– Another arrangement is to use an auxiliary BI
between the Parent station and the Siding. The tokens
are identical but ABI is out of phase so that token
cannot be extracted from it. A train takes normal
token from main BI from any station. At the siding,
the token releases the key for operating the points.
After the train is placed in the siding, the key is
deposited back and the token is released. The token is
deposited into the ABI at the siding which enables a
token to be taken out from ABI at the station. This is
then used to normalise the main BIs.