ƒ Basic idea of the abstract:  If you were only allowed about 5 sentences to summarize what your paper tells us and why it s worth reading. how would you use them? Abstracts for scientific papers are often longer than this. but it s the same idea .

ƒ Do we know what the subject of this paper is? .

ƒ ƒ Do we know what the subject of this paper is? Do we know what the paper tells us about this subject? .

ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ Background Problem Causes Solutions .

an audience! . in your case.ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ Background Problem Causes Solutions Also.

ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ Background Problem Causes Solutions What will each of these consist of for your case study? .

do the reverse paramedic exercise on it  Avoid is.ƒ After you have written the first draft of your abstract. are . etc .

etc . do the reverse paramedic exercise on it  Avoid is. are .ƒ After you have written the first draft of your abstract.

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ƒ Do we know what this paper tells us about the subject? .

ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ Background? Problem? Causes? Solutions? .

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graphs/charts Data (words and/or numbers) arranged in rows and columns 16 .1. TABLES Pictures. diagrams/schematics. FIGURES 2.

1 shows 17 .Why ‡ Illustrate/highlight specific points How ‡ Incorporate illustrations in a way that is natural to report s content/context ‡ Fully explain illustrations in text using references such as Fig.

Figure: Number and caption go below.1) 2) 3) 4) 5) Leave space between illustration and paragraph. First figure will be Figure 1 and first table will be Table 1. Must be labeled in numerical order. 18 . Must reference the source you are taking the illustration from. Must be properly placed within or following the paragraph it was first introduced. Table: Number and title go above.

19 .

20 .

21 .

Agricultural irrigation uses 46% of the total recycled water while 21% is used for landscape irrigation. 2. 46% of the recycled water is used for agricultural irrigation while landscape irrigation uses 21% and groundwater recharge uses 14% .1. as shown in Figure 6-1. . 21% on landscape irrigation. and 14% on groundwater recharge. and 14% on groundwater recharge (Figure 6-1). Figure 6-1 indicates that agricultural irrigation uses 46% of the total recycled water. 22 3.

Place within/after paragraph it is first introduced 5. Below = figures.Definition of an illustration ƒ Why illustrations are important in written text ƒ 5 Rules for incorporating illustrations ƒ 1. Above = tables 3. Reference source 23 . 4. Leave space between illustration and paragraph Numerical order 2.

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