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By Dr. Allon Guez

Professor ,ECE dept. Drexel University

**Mr. Harshad Tadas
**

Graduate Student , ECE Dept. Drexel University

We have reviewed the Photovoltaic cell Model and state of the art power control techniques

Review of Different MPPT algorithm 4. References .OUTLINE 1. A Simple Model of solar cell 2. MATLAB simulation of Solar cell driving RLC load 3.

Solar Power is clean.Due to depletion of non renewable energy sources Solar Power is Need of the Day. renewable and less maintenance .

MODELING OF THE PV CELLS .1.

The expression of the I-V curve where Voltage equation for PV Cell where .

47A IV Curve PV curve .6A Open circuit voltage: Voc=95V Voltage at maximum power: VMPP=68V Current at maximum power: IMPP=0.Simulation of solar panel ASE 30-DG-UT (32W) manufactured by ASE Americas Panel specifications: Maximum Output power: PMPP = 32W Short circuit current: Isc = 0.

MATLAB simulation of Solar cell driving RLC load dx2 dx x ! L 2 Rx2 1 dt dt C Circuit for simulation S1.S2 and S3.S4 are switched according to duty cycle and switching frequency Differential Equations governing the simulation dx1 ! x2 dt Where dx2 dx x ! L 2 Rx2 1 dt dt C x2 x1 = Charge = current .2.

end end function [v]=scvtg(X) Pmpp= 32. % Resistance L=.Main Loop x1(1)=0. FS=11000Hz. Ts=1/FS. if k*dt>DC*Ts flag(i)=-1. B=((Impp/(Isc-Impp))+log((IscImpp)/Isc))/(((2*Vmpp)/Voc)-1).04. % inst power x1(i+1)=x1(i)+dt*x2(i). Rs=(Pmpp/(Impp^2))-((Voc/B)*(1/(IscImpp))).6. Voc= 95. %capacitance NP=700. % # sampls per period dt=Ts/NSP. flag(i)=1. %sampling period for j=1:NP for k=1:NSP i= NSP*(j-1)+k. . Isc=0.% Duty Cycle R=200. Impp=0. v=(Voc*(((log((Isc-X)/Isc))/B)+1))-(Rs*X).7. % # periods of simulation NSP=10. %Initial conditions x2(1)=0.2*10^-6. Vmpp=68. end v(i)=flag(i)*scvtg(x2(i)). x2(i+1)=x2(i)+(dt/L)*(v(i)-R*x2(i)-(x1(i)/(C))). p(i)=(v(i)*x2(i))^2. %inductance C=.47.% switching period DC=.

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Solar cell conversion efficiency is less ie. only about 40% efficiency Initial setup is very costly. .Challenges: Photovoltaic generation output characteristic is unstable due to the changes in solar radiation and temperature.

.To Minimize power losses Operate PV source in Maximum power region during different environmental condition DC DC converters called Maximum Power Point Trackers are used.

Review of Different MPPT algorithms .3.

The Concept Of MPPT MMPT has a task to virtually change the slope of load line to make it intersect at M .

Block Diagram of PV system with Components of MPPT .

Various MPPT Algorithms The Perturb and Observe (P&O) Incremental Conductance (INCC) Constant Voltage Method .

A &B . Voltage is varied using PWM Any further increase in V will decrease P Thus this algorithm oscillates between pt. V is increased till it reaches Pm.1 Voltage Based P&O P1 is calculated at V1 and Changed by dV (Const) P2 is calculated at V2 If P=P2-P1 is +ve.1.

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Voltage Based P&O algorithm require 2 loops For changing Voltage using PWM For Changing Power by changing Voltage And thus Sampling Loop and algorithm coding length increases This can be removed by tracking the power versus Duty Cycle .

2 Duty Cycle Based P&O .1.

Drawback of P&O algorithm Tendency of Tracking in Wrong Direction due to change in atmosphere When power is oscillating between A and B if solar radiation starts increasing . But C is away from MPP and thus P&O fails to track MPP . duty cycle change moves operating point to C because power level has increased .

right and peak point respectively Hence Operating point is at MPP if This implies At MPP Left and right side of PV curve .2. Incremental Conductance Slope in P-V curve is Either positive negative or zero on the left .

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Since this algorithm observes which side of curve the operating Point is working on. Since INCC has a division operation hardware and software implementation is relatively complex .INCC does not calculate power and only voltage and current value carry on tracking. . Thus this is a eminent Drift Free Tracking .

The operating point is forced to reach optimal value This technique is often used in cheaper instrument like solar lantern . First the open circuit voltage Voc is calculated and then Vmpp is easily obtained. Constant voltage method This method makes use of the fact that the ratio of maximum power point voltage and the open circuit voltage is 0.3.76.

.Drawbacks The current from the photovoltaic array must be set to zero momentarily to measure the open circuit voltage and then afterwards set to 76% of the measured voltage. The approximation setting the voltage to 76% of the measured voltage is not accurate. Energy is wasted during the time the current is set to zero.

K.4. Aiguo Patrick Hu . Cristian F RCA . Dr. Mukerjee and Nivedita Thakur Photovoltaic systems: Analysis and Design By Dorin PETREU . Ionu CIOCAN¶ MODELLING AND SIMULATION OF PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS Evaluation of Micro Controller Based Maximum Power Point Tracking Methods Using dSPACE Platform By Yen-Jung Mark Tung . References By A.

- Thesis
- mppt
- mppt
- mppt5
- A Fast Current-based MPPT Technique Employing Sliding Mode Control
- mppt
- MPPT
- Simulation and Hardware Implementation of Incremental Conductance MPPT With Direct Control Method Using Cuk Converter
- Adaptive Perturb Observe
- Maximum Power Point Tracking Final Year Report
- Multi-Input Inverter for Grid-Connected
- Boost Converter
- Boost Converter
- Mppt English
- Abstract 1
- Solar Battery Charger With MPPT Using Microcontroller
- Buck Converter Simulink
- Solar Charger
- 0-Pulse Width Modulation for Power Converters
- Optimal Cable Sizing in Photovoltaic Systems
- Micro Controller Based Solar Charger
- CCS PIC 'C' Compiler Tutorial

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