Presentation Skills

20 % Inspiration 80% Perspiration

The Presenter






‡ Get people to tell you about good presentations ‡ Get feedback from people who give good presentations ‡ Remember all audiences are different ‡ Remember next time will be better

Don·t ‡ Listen to people s nightmarish experiences or learn from it ‡ Assume that you will be unsuccessful . .then you will.

Planning your Presentation : Know your Audience Know your Goals Know your Environment .

Audience Analysis ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Open or Actively friendly Unfriendly Neutral Uninformed Supportive Actively supportive .

Personalities In your Audience Inner Directed 19% OuterDirected 68% NeedsDriven 11% Integrated 2% .

You and the Audience ‡ How best can you gain and retain their attention ? ‡ Come across as credible and qualified ‡ Build a rapport with the audience ‡ Ensure that your presentation fulfills their needs ‡ Relax«.your audience wants you to succeed ! .

Know your Goals ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ To Persuade To Inform To Inspire To Entertain .

Know your Environment Cultural Environment Physical Environment Psychological Environment .

Nine Principles of Learning R A M P Recency Appropriateness Motivation Primacy 2 2 way communication F A M E Feedback Active learning Multi-sense learning Exercise .

Planning your Presentation ‡ The Opening CAP ‡ Body .Anchor .Application ‡ Closing .Benefits .Transitions .

Developing an Outline SUB ONE SUB TWO SUB THREE .

Qualities of a Skillful Presenter ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Self-control Poise Awareness Tact Decisiveness Persuasiveness Enthusiasm Honesty Flexibility .

Verbal Skills  Conviction  Articulation  Inflection  Pause  Repetition. paraphrasing. sexist words  Voice modulation Do not read from notes for any extended length of time use cue cards . fillers. summarizing  Use humour  Language generalizations.

Non-Verbal Skills ‡ Posture Shoulder orientation is critical when using visual aids .

‡ Walking & footwork ‡ Facial Expressions .

Gestures that distract an ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ audience Hands in your pocket Hands handcuffed behind your back Keeping your arms crossed Wringing your hands nervously Appropriate gestures Verbal coordination Reinforcing & descriptive Spontaneous and lively ‡ ‡ ‡ .‡ Gestures .

Appearance ‡ Men ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Women Formal Clothes Make up Hair Jewelry ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Suits Ties Shoes Hair. moustache . beard.

markers. pens for audience .Presenter·s Survival Kit ‡ A combination of slide show and flip chart ‡ PPT/ 16mm slides/transparencies/flip chart ‡ Laptop ‡ Notepad.

Visual Aids ‡ Types  Slides  Overhead  Flip Charts .

Effective use of Visual Aids  Be sure to know how it works  Get your aids in place before presenting  Use a pointer to direct the gaze  Avoid holding visuals  Do not give handouts while you are speaking  Talk to your audience not to your visuals .

-Visual Aids ‡ Power Point or Slides ‡ 10 / 20/ 30 Rule ‡ Simple template with high contrast ‡ Uncluttered and legible ‡ No more than 15-20 words ‡ Pleasing fonts sans serif(2 font families) .

Power Point ‡ Pleasing colors 2/3 ‡ No yellows and oranges ‡ Include relevant visuals ‡ 10 mins . 40 mins -2/3 slides/min ‡ Mention source .1slide/min.

‡ Flip Chart ² easiest to make but time consuming and unprofessional .-Visual Aids ‡ OHP ² at least 20 point typeface. dark colour on light ground.

Team Presentation Appoint a leader ‡ Prepare a timetable ‡ Share the content ‡ Plan the presentation ‡ Have polished introductions ‡ Smooth sums ups and closes ‡ Handle the questions as a team ‡ Designate a trouble shooter ² have a contingency plan ‡ ‡ Practice smooth handovers .

Wound up toy ? ´All the world·s a stageµ Capture Attention Voice Face Body Personality Excitement Energy Enthusiasm .

Raising your Performance ‡ Props ‡ Your listeners imagination ‡ Other senses ‡ Magic moments ‡ Multi ² media shows .

seating etc .Appropriat e/ relevant content Handling of notes & visual aids Paralanguage Your body language Your enthusias m Rapport with the audience Choice of visual aids Room layout.

What is your ability to hold an audience« What is your level of authority« What is your credibility« What are your skills at handling questions ? .What is tested during a Presentation ? ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ How do you organize your information« How do you explain complex issues« What is your level of confidence«.

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