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WEBOMETRICS RANKING OF WORLD UNIVERSITIES
Isidro F. Aguillo Cybermetrics Lab (CSIC), Madrid, Spain
New role of the Web in the scholarly communication Rankings: advantages and disadvantages Collecting Web data and building indicators Coverage: Not only World-Class Universities Search engines, the new intermediaries Institutional web domain: uses and abuses WR, the combined indicator
The Ranking: Current results and future developments Structure of the ranking Problems: Gaps, duplicates, extra indicators Results: Correlation Success? Expected and actual visitors
Academic digital divide
webometrics. 1 technicians 3 www. 4 PhD.ABOUT US CSIC.info . Spanish National Research Council The largest public research body in Spain 126 institutes devoted mainly to basic science 20% of the total Spanish scientific output 2 Nobel Prizes Cybermetrics Lab Research group at Center of Scientific Information and Documentation Editors of e-journal Cybermetrics EU projects EICSTES and WISER MAVIR network Consulting services to universities Staff: Coordinator.
visibility.info .webometrics.ABOUT THE RANKING Primary objective was not to rank institutions Promote web publication Support Open Access initiatives Current design Larger coverage than other similar Rankings Including developing countries¶ institutions Not focusing only in research results Activity. impact. and quality better reflected in the Web presence Paying attention to Web bad practices Web Publish or Perish 4 www. prestige.
info .webometrics.IMPORTANCE OF THE WEB PRESENCE The new Academic global market Increased mobility of professors and alumni International competition for human resources and funding Getting prestige and visibility in the digital world Web is the best showcase for Universities All missions covered: teaching+research+transfer Intangibles and the web contents Freedom of teaching Self-organisation and maturity Access to resources Scholarly (formal and informal) communication Universal target groups Colleagues all over the world Prospective students worldwide Economic interested stakeholders General (huge) audiences Richer and diversified contents at cheaper costs 5 www.
staff. referrers Methodological problems (global comparison no feasible) 6 www. many linkers (siters) Open versus Closed (international) impact Popularity Users.0 « formats (file types).info . alumni) « available (access to) resources « internal and external policies Difficult criteria « authoritativeness of the scholars (university) « peer review 2.METRICS OF THE WEB Contents size Correlated with the knowledge production capabilities of the institution « number of potential authors (faculty members. evolution. behavior. visits. language (lingua franca) Quality resources Visibility Hypertext links networks New motivations.webometrics.
webometrics.info .RANKINGS: ADVANTAGES AND SHORTCOMINGS Advantages Combine many variables Even heterogeneous variables Easy to understand Temporal series Disadvantages Simplistic Weighting usually arbitrary Potential users undefined Rankings in the Web PageRank algorithm (ranking web pages by a weighted visibility indicator) is key for explaining the success of Google search engine TrafficRank: Ranking of web domains according to the number of visits intercepted by the Alexa system Model for a combined indicator Webometrics Rank (derived from Web Impact Factor) Visibility:Size (1:1) 7 www.
dependent of population surveyed University is a complex.webometrics.info . research and knowledge transfer missions But. funding) Reputation is very subjective.WORLD RANKINGS Biases in the indicators Focus on research (bibliometric data) Limited info (lack of standardization) about inputs (personnel. « they do not measure them separately 8 www. multifaceted institution Web indicators reflects teaching.
webometrics.edu not hosting.WEBOMETRICS RANKING First published in 2004 Since 2006.000 (Jul¶07) R&D related institutions (mostly research centers): +4. two editions (January and July) World coverage Higher education Institutions (mostly universities): +13.edu/univname (except Helsinki University) Data from search engines (web visibility intermediaries) Indicators used in the calculation of the combined indicator WR 9 www.info .500 (Jul¶07) Web indicators Only institutions with an independent web domain univname.
Exalead) a: web domain Median method (Size) Sa= ½ * ((Ga + Ya + La +Ea) ± max (Ga. Yahoo.La.La.Ya.webometrics.Ya.min (Ga.METHODOLOGY Normalization log (na+1) Na= ----------------------------log (max(ni)+1) N: search engine (Google. Live.Ea) .info .Ea)) Rich files Ra= PDFa + DOCa + PPTa + Psa Ranking Sa -> Ra(S) Ra -> Ra(R) Sca -> Ra(Sc) Va -> Ra(V) 1:1 WR= (4*V) + (2*S+1*R+1*Sc) 10 www.
webometrics.11 www.info .
info .DOC . Zurich (3rd) Asia/Pacific Tokyo (59th world).PPT . University of California. New South Wales (112th). National Taiwan (96th).PDF . Berkeley (3th) and Harvard University (4th) University of Toronto (28th world) Europe Cambridge (1st region).EXPECTED RESULTS North America Stanford University (1st region & world). Kyoto (116th) and Beijing (120th) universities Latin America Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (68th world) Universidade de Sao Paulo (128th world) 100 38400 6600 2460 2520 6560 Number of files in rank 200 500 25500 10200 4530 2480 1600 699 1120 214 3890 1370 1000 3980 1330 338 33 438 . MIT (2nd).PS SCHOLAR 12 www. Oxford (2nd).webometrics. Australian National (60th).
64th world) DBLP. not under cornell.arxiv. Computer Science Bibliography Down Cornell University (7th world) Arxiv (www.edu) Yale University (35th world) Princeton University (38th world) California Institute of Technology (42th world) Jet Propulsion Laboratory (jpl.webometrics.org.nasa. the Academic Computer Society Universitat Trier (9th Europe.edu) Johns Hopkins University (72th world) School of Medicine (hopkinsmedicine. not under jhu. not under caltech. 62nd world) Lysator.gov. Madison (8th world) Internet Scout Project Linkoping University (8th Europe.org. index of computer and information science papers University of Wisconsin.edu) 13 www.UNEXPECTED RESULTS Up Pennsylvania State University (5th world) CiteSeer.info .
info .BAD PRACTICES 14 www.webometrics.
796 1.webometrics.966 371 226 576 2.043 15 www.REGIONS/COUNTRIES AFRICA ASIA Japan China Taiwan OCEANIA Australia EUROPE Germany United Kingdom France LATINAMERICA Brazil NORTH AMERICA USA Canada WORLD 47 45 100 2 1 1 1 1 20 4 4 1 76 68 8 100 8 52 33 6 191 TOP POSITIONS 200 500 1000 1 5 8 33 101 3 12 37 1 5 20 1 7 16 6 17 34 6 15 28 65 222 407 20 52 70 11 39 67 12 41 2 9 25 1 5 13 119 218 428 104 191 389 15 27 39 200 500 1000 TOTAL 514 3.info .996 195 13.474 579 897 88 98 53 3.591 2.195 1.
info .COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS: TOP 200 16 www.webometrics.
COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS: TOP 500 17 www.info .webometrics.
info .ACADEMIC DIGITAL DIVIDE Number of universities by country in the Top 200 of the Webometrics Ranking (July 2007) 18 www.webometrics.
REGIONAL DISTRIBUTION Number of universities by region in the Webometrics Ranking (July 2007) www.webometrics.info 19 .
Class ones Information provided could be useful to increase the commitment to electronic publication.LESSONS Webometrics is the only academic ranking that provides indicators for universities worldwide and not only the World. prestige and overall performance of the university Web indicators are not able to discriminate relative contributions but they are a reliable and feasible way to describe the full picture Results shown that there is an unexpected academic digital divide as top European and Japanese universities appear in delayed positions when comparing with their North American counterparts 20 www.info . guiding the Web policies and therefore improving Web presence and visibility Web rank is probably highly related to the global level of activities.webometrics.
MARIO FERNÁNDEZ CYBERMETRICS LAB CINDOC-CSIC JOAQUÍN COSTA.WEBOMETRICS.INFO E-MAIL: ISIDRO@CINDOC.CSIC. ORTEGA.info .webometrics. 22 28002 MADRID ESPAÑA WWW.ES 21 www. JOSÉ L.THANK YOU! ¿QUESTIONS? ISIDRO F. AGUILLO.
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