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The basic food of infant is mother·s milk.It meets nutritional as well as emotional and complete food. .Breast feeding is the natural feeding and breast milk is best milk .
Prevents malnutrition Allow child to develop fully .Safest Cheapest Best protective food Provides total nutrient requirements for six months of life.
Carbohydrate Lactose is primary CHO in milk higher in breast milk vs cow·s milk Protein casein:lactalbumin (whey) impt. Human milk (40:60) cows milk (80:20) Amino Acids (Breast milk low in phenylalanine and methionine but high in taurine and cystine .
9 g/100 ml breast milk vs 3. enzymes) linoleic acid (essential fatty acid) carnitine (impt. for fat metabolism) lipases (enzyme for digestion of fats) .0.7 .) Total protein 0.5g/ 100 ml in cow·s milk Fats higher in breast milk overall. Specifically in breast milk has more: cholesterol (CNS myelin sheaths. Protein (cont.
bioavailability of some minerals higher in breast milk [e. However. Zinc] Fe is however low in milk and infant needs alternative source after 6 months . Minerals Generally lower in breast milk 6x more P. Fe (5x higher absorption than cow·s milk). 4x more Ca and 3x more total ash in cow·s milk (higher renal solute load than breast milk).g.
D & B12 (same). & B6 & Folate (lower) . Vitamins variable in breast milk depending on diet and drug use Vitamin E higher in breast milk than cow·s milk and Vitamin K low in both RDA for most vitamins greater during lactation than pregnancy except Vit.
Anti-Infectious Factors Bifidus factor. lactobifidus. IgM. IgE. kills enteropathogenic organisms by the production of lactic and acetic acids IgA. IgD. IgG bacteria & virus Lactoferrin (binds iron which bacteria need) Lysozyme & Lactoperoxidase (bacteria) Interferon (inhibits viral replication) .
Colostrum Trasitional milk Mature milk Pre-term Fore milk Hind milk .
It Contains more antibodies and cells with higher amount of proteins and fat soluble vitamins (A.It is sufficient and protective for babies and should not discarded.COLOSTRUM It is secreated during first three days after delivery.K).D. .E. yellow and small in quantities. It is thick .
TRANSITIONAL MILK It follows the Colostrum and secretes during first two weeks of post natal period. It has increased fat and sugar content and decreased protien and immunoglobulin content .
It is watery but contains all nutrients all for optimal growth of the baby.MATURE MILK It secreated usually from 10 to 12 days after delivery. .
sodium .PRE TERM MILK The breast milk secreated by a mother who has delivered a preterm baby is different from milk of mother who has delivered full term baby .iron. .immunoglobulins and calories appropriate for the requirements of the pattern the preterm neonates . This milk contains more proteins.
vitamins.FORE MILK It is secreated at the starting of the regular breastfeeding . It is more watery to satisfy the baby·s thirst and contains more proteins. . and minerals . sugar.
before offering other breast. .HIND MILK It is secreated towards the end of regular breastfeeding and contains more fat and energy . The mother should feed the baby allowing one breast to empty to provide both fore milk and hind milk .