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coli. . or from the normal bacterial flora of the lower reproductive tract. The infection is most commonly caused by E. which enter the uterus either due to a mild urinary infection.Š Š Pyometra is infection of the uterus (womb).

This is less serious. so pus and debris is accummulating in the uterus. This is the most dangerous type.Š Pyometra can be classified as open or closed. Closed means that the entrance to the uterus is closed. Open pyometras are cases where the infection is draining out through the vulva. . as the uterus is being stretched so much it may rupture. as the uterus is not swelling up as pus can escape. and other organs are being compressed. causing it to massively swell.

drinking and urinating more than normal .Š Common signs of pyometra are: .vomiting .discharge from the vulva .lethargy and depression .loss of appetite .

Š Hypoglycemia Š Anemia Š Renal dysfunction Š Hepatic dysfunction .

Š Š Š Š Š B/o clinical signs Physical examination Hematology Radiography Ultrasonography .

Š Medical management PG therapy Antibiotics with PG for 2-3 wks Š Surgical treatment Ovariohysterectomy Marsupialisation .

The success rate for treating open-cervix pyometra is 75-90%.Š Š There are some important statistics that you should know about this form of treatment: 1. .

Š Š Š 2. The chance of subsequent successful breeding is 50-75%. The success rate for treating closedcervix pyometra is 25-40%. 4. The rate of recurrence of the disease is 50-75%. 3. .

If treatment is not performed quickly.Š Š Š The chance of successful treatment without surgery or prostaglandin treatment is extremely low. This will also be fatal. If the cervix is closed. it is also possible for the uterus to rupture. . the toxic effects from the bacteria will be fatal. spilling the infection into the abdominal cavity.

If you are not intending to have puppies from her then she should be neutered at as young an age as possible. Not only does this remove all the complications associated with the reproductive cycle but. if a female is neutered .Š Š Š The only way to be sure your pet won't develop this condition is to have her neutered.

it is not exclusively a disease of these animals. Although pyometra may be more common in bitches that are not neutered and have never had puppies. Ask your vet for details about the best time to have your pet neutered. . she is also protected against mammary (breast) cancer developing in later life.Š Š Š Š Š before her first season. Breeding does not guarantee protection and indiscriminate breeding of pet dogs and cats is not to be encouraged.