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Traditional school of thought was that epreneurs are born and not made In the modern world it is believed that some entrepreneurs are born, but a large number can be educated and trained Therefore various EDP s are gaining importance

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program of action designed to help an individual in strengthening his entrepreneurial motive and in acquiring skills and capabilities necessary for playing his entrepreneurial role effectively

To prove that need for Achievement can be indused. Mc Clelland conducted the Kakinada expreiment in collaboration with Small Industries Extension and Training Institute of Hyderabad ‡ Young persons were selected and put through 3 month training to guide them to set and achieve goals ‡ The Kakinada experiment could be treated as an imp basis for present day EDP s ‡ .

in 1971 India embarked upon a a massive entrepreneurship development Program At present about 686 all India and state level financial institutions and public sector banks conduct EDP s .ƒ ƒ ƒ Kakinada experiment made people appreciate the need for and importance of entrepreneurial training Based on this realization brought about by McClelland.

7. 2. Economic growth Balanced regional development Eliminates poverty and unemployment Optimum use of local resources Solves industrial problems Defuses social tension. 6. 3.1. 5. 4. The surplus young energies can be diverted to self employment Development of backward and tribal areas .youth feel frustrated if they do not get jobs after education.

8. Successful launching of new units 9. Improves SOL 10 fulfillment of dreams .

provokes potentials Supportive role.helps enterprise to survive in competitive environment by helping in modernization and diversification Socio economic role.‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ EDP s play four major roles in entrepreneurial development Stimulatory role.helps society and economy .guidance and finance Sustaining role.

Provide opportunities 4. Build necessary skills 7. Impart customer education 8. Broaden vision of epreneurs 3. Expose epreneur to latest development 6. Impart basic knowledge on the industry. etc 2.Interchange experience 5. production. Impart knowledge on marketing. product and methods of production .1.

developing positive attitude and optimism. management and start up skills . business. 2. etc Motivation training session. significance.1. marketing. examples of successful entrepreneurs Skills development session-technical skill (based on business requirement).general knowledge on entrepreneurship.focus on developing n ach. 3. entrepreneurial behavior. Introductory session.

4. Fundamentals of project feasibility session 6. Plant visit sessions . Support system and procedure sessionparticipants are exposed to support available from various institutions 5.

‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ .Pre-Training Phase Identification of operationally promising area Selection of a leader/co-ordinator for the programme Arrangement of infrastructure Environmental scanning for good business opportunities Establishing contacts with those who can contribute to the programme ‡ Getting application forms ready and distributed ‡ Forming selection committee to select trainees ‡ Preparing budget and organizing activities Basically pre training involves selection of potential epreneurs and arrangement of facilities for imparting training in the best possible manner 1.

confidence building ‡ Facilitating decision making ‡ Successful and profitable operation of an enterprise ‡ Industrial exposure . Training Phase ‡ Generally 4-6 weeks on full time basis ‡ Motivation ‡ Reinforcement of epreneurial traits.2.

Post Training Phase ƒ Follow up and support ƒ This is important because when an entrepreneur is in implementing phase he/she faces problems ƒ Review of progress made by trainees ƒ Feedback from trainees to make training programme better .3.

Areas of operation.EDP activities are lacking in the North Eastern area . ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Structure and Composition structure needs to be different according to regional variations more practical training needs to be given Strong backing of Financial agency needs to be given more importance Role of Technical Consistency Organizations (TCO s) needs to be increased 2.1.

Lack of confidence. Non availability of inputs.3.RM. Limited manpower. Lack of specialist support.for selection. they take it as a task by the government 5. power etc and poor infrastructure 7.Majority of the institutions engaged in EDP are themselves not convinced of what they are doing. follow up and linking with other agencies 6.there is dependence on external faculty because of lack of in house 4. Low involvement of marketing. Non standardized course curriculum 8. financial and voluntary institutions in the programme .

9. Training under EDP is not sufficient and out dated . Follow ups are taken lightly 12. Training institutions do not show much concern for objective identification and selection of entrepreneur 11. Difference of opinion amongst practioners and trainers 10.

looking into how many participants have actually started their own enterprises after completing the training Qualitative evaluation.ƒ Quantitative evaluation.assessing effectiveness in developing n ach through observation and measuring increase in productivity ƒ .

ƒ In India there are various national and state level agencies that are engaged in organizing EDP s for first generation entrepreneurs .

promoters and epreneurs ƒ ƒ ƒ .Established by GoI In 1983 Apex body for co ordinating and overseeing the activities of the various institutions and agencies engaged in entrepreneurship development. Support mechanism-To support institutions in carrying out activities relating to eship devlelopment 2. Information supplier-To provide vital information. especially of small scale industry Objectives 1. support to trainers. to accelerate the process of eship development and ensure it reaches all sections of society 3.

identify. National and international forum.4.for exchange of experiences and interaction between entrepreneurs . select.Conduct EDP s. train potentials to start their ventures and develop culture of entrepreneurship in the country 6. standardization-To evolve standardized materials and processes of selection and training of potential entrepreneurs 5.

Food . School Leavers . SelfEmployment (SEEUY. SC/OBC . Readymade Garments.Leather . TRYSEM. Chemicals .Plastics. Sports Goods . Science & Technology Graduates . Ex-Servicemen (Veterans) . .ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ Trainers training programs Small business promoters programs Development officers orientation programs Continuing education programs for SSI entrepreneurs International training programs Entrepreneurship Development Programmes (a) Target specific such as General. Electronics . PMRY etc. Builders Hardware. Information Technology etc. Women.) (b) Product/Process Oriented .

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Goa and Haryana ƒ .Set in 1983 and has been sponsored by IDBI. ICICI. Kerela. IFCI. SBI and the government of Gujarat ƒ They have organized programmes all over India including Port Blair.

General ƒ Increase supply of entrepreneurs and encourage self employment ƒ To promote small enterprises at rural level and balanced development ƒ To collaborate with other institutions Specific ƒ To promote entrepreneurship in education ƒ Micro finance and micro enterprise development ƒ Workshops for academic community and entrepreneurs .

salesmanship. etc . finance. export management ‡Courses on inspection and quality control.‡SIDO has specialized institutions under it that are responsible for training. work study. research and development of product design and processes Courses‡Appreciation course in Industrial management ‡Specialized courses in production. marketing. materials.

New Delhi .ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ By GOI in 1960 To promote JV s For this purpose they have set up an Entrepreneurial Guidance Beaureau Head office.

quality control. plant visits Programmes in motivation. 45 national and 15 international programs every year . marketing.ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ Located at Hyderabad Provides training in industrial arrangement for SSI s Theoretical training. production. material management. etc. accounting.

Skill cum technology management program(STMP). Small Industries Management Assistance program (SIMAP).to improve performance of existing SSI units ƒ ƒ .Set in 1990 Provides financial assistance to those institutions involved in conducting EDP s ƒ They have two special programs1.to develop industrial managers 2.

identify industrial potential They conduct pre investment studies and prepare project and feasibility study They undertake techno economic study . undertake market research.ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ Established by the All India Financial Institutions They have set up 17 TCO s to provide industrial consultancy and training to epreneurs They identify potential epreneurs. provide them with technical and managerial assistance.