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Acoustics

‡ Acoustics in building design is the science of sound and noise control. ‡ To lend a harmonious personality to a building one must combine its architectural beauty with the acoustical spirit.

‡After striking some part of sound is reflected back some is absorbed by the surface and some part is transmitted to the other medium. Transmitted sound . ‡ It is different for open and closed spaces.BEHAVIOUR OF SOUND ‡The behaviour of sound is same as that of a light ray. it is transmitted to all other direction the sound continues to travel through. till it strikes on some surface. ‡When a sound originates from any source.

This can produce echoes in large spaces. ‡Audience absorption of direct sound. ‡Surface absorption of direct and reflected sound. . and contents of any room will determine the behaviour of sound. ‡Reflection from re-entrant angle .In a closed space : ‡ Shape. dimensions.sound entering right-angled corner of room will be reflected back towards source if surfaces are acoustically reflective. ‡ The way in which sound behaves in an enclosed space depends on the following factors: ‡Attenuation due to distance. construction.

Sound insulation Sound leakage through the audi wall .

In a free open space : ‡ Sound in an open space depends on the µinverse square law¶. . ‡ The sound intensity from a point source of sound will obey the inverse square law if there is no reflection. ‡ In a free field the intensity at any point is inversely proportional to the distance from the source to that point.

Sound leakage from above the false ceiling .

Sound leakage through the HVAC ducts .

Sound leakage through the roof .

we should also describe the character of the occupied space. ‡ For example : if a particular hall is finished in materials that are highly sound reflective then the sound will persist for a long time and it will seem to come from all directions. . ‡ In addition to describing the magnitude & dynamic characteristics of the background sound. hence making the space less pleasant than one which has a moderate amount of sound absorptive finish. ‡ In the cinema hall the designer may wish to provide maximum visual communication between the viewer and screen play allowing the room itself to enhance the quality of the musical sound.ROLE OF ACOUSTICS IN A PARTICULAR BUILDING ‡ The basic purpose of architectural acoustics is to provide a satisfactory acoustic environment for whatever use the space is intended.

THEATRE DESIGN Different Acoustical Areas have different Reverberation Time requirements.8 seconds.6 seconds. A recording and broadcast is designed for an RT of 0. A cinema hall is optimally designed for an RT of 0. An opera house should be designed for an RT of 1.4-0.5-2 seconds. .

THEATRE DESIGN PRINCIPLE .

FIRE FIGHTING. VENTILATION.SEATING (VISUAL ANGLE) ACOUSTIC AUDITORIUM UPHOLSTERY SERVICES (ELECTRICAL. A.C) FACTORS EFFECTING THE DESIGN OF AUDITORIUM .

This can be attained without amplifying the sound if the volume of the hall is not more than 1500 cu m. The length to width ratio should not exceed 2. The length of the hall should be less than 45m. persons at the rear notice delay between the movement of the actors and the sound coming from them. Acoustical treatment is generally needed on the rear portion of the ceiling and side walls. Materials must be applied in patches. the rear wall and the balcony.When it exceeds 45m. All seats must be fully upholstered. .General consideration for acoustical design of auditorium are given below ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Good acoustical condition can be achieved only if ventilation is not through windows so that they can be kept closed during the performance. The sound level inside the hall must be about 65db for easy and distinct listening condition. preferably of irregular sizes. The shape of the hall is an important consideration.it can be rectangular with splayed stage walls and a pitched reflecting ceiling or fan type or the horse-shoe type. The floor must be finished with linoleum or some soft board or tile covering.

Such a ceiling can be corrected by providing a false ceiling.its acoustics will not be satisfactory. .‡ ‡ The floor of the hall should be inclined at not less than about 8 degrees to the horizontal. If an existing auditorium building has a domed or parabolic shell roof.

9597 12MM WATERPROOF PLY FIXED TO GI FRAMEWORK 5MM THICK WOODEN VENEER AS PER ARCHITECTS' DESIGN 50MM AIR GAP FALSE CELING METAL (TEE) GRID PLAN (TYP) DETAIL B (HANGING DETAIL) TYPICAL SIDE WALL SECTION REAR WALL SECTION ACOUSTICAL TREATMENT WITH DETAILS .6 MM THK GI CLEAT BRICK WALL 4 MM DIA GI ROD EXPANSION FASTENER (PVC) FABRIC GRIPPERS WOODEN SPACER TO HOLD FABRIC GRIPPERS INHERENT FIRE RETARDANT FABRIC 130MM GAP TO ACCOMODATE BEAM AT FIRST FLOO LEVEL 1. DENSITY WITH FGT BLACK FIBER TISSUE ON INNER AND OU TER SID E SECTION A-A A ISA 5 0X50X6 MEMBER B A 50 X50 X5 MM ANGLE CLEAT BOLTED TO ISA 50X50 X6 MS FLAT H ANGER S 25 X 5 @ 1220 C /C BOTH DIRECTION GYPSUM CEILING DETAIL GI CHAN EL SECTION MF7 @ 12 20 C/C GI CHAN EL SECTION MF5 @ 30 5 C /C ISOMETRIC VIEW FOR GYPBOARD CEILING GRID ISOMETRIC VIEW OF MAINCROSS TEE JUNCTION AND HANGING DETAIL SECTION B-B BOTTOM OF ROOF SLAB 50MM AIR GAP CHICKEN WIRE MESH TO HOLD GLASSWOOL 50MM THICK 24KG/ CU.MT.6 MM THK GI CLEAT 22 MM X 22 MM Wall Angle fixed with PVC Rawl Plugs @ 450 mm C/C WOODEN VENEERED PANELING CONSISTING OF: LEVEL ADJUSTER 4 MM DIA GI ROD LEVEL ADJUSTER Ecophon Main Trulok F 24 Tee 24mm x 38mm-3600mm long @ 1200mm c/c 130.0000 49. 1.MT.50 X50 X5 MM ANGL E CL EAT GI CHAN EL SECTION MF7 @ 12 20 C/C GI CHAN EL SECTION MF5 @ 30 5 C /C 50 X50 X5 MM ANGLE CLEAT BOLTED TO ISA 50X50 X6 MS FLAT H ANGER S 25 X 5 @ 1220 C /C BOTH DIRECTION Ecophon Cross Trulok Tee 24mmx25mm-0. 600mm long @ 1200mm c/c MS FLAT H ANGER S 25 X 5 @ 1220 C /C BOTH DIRECTION B GYPSU M TIL ES FIXED TO FRAMEWORK CH AN NEL WITH SELF TAPPING SC REWS 50 MM TH IC K GLASSWOOL 2 4KG/CU. ‡ SIDE WALLS SHOULD NOT BE PARALLEL.25mm th. DENSITY GLASSWOOL 50MM X 50MM GI FRAMEWORK ‡ ACOUSTICAL TREATMENT ON SIDE WALLS & FALSE CEILING.