Montessori Method of Teaching

y "Children need to live in a world where«
y self-esteem is protected and encouraged y the adventures of life are approached with joy and readiness, y learning is always natural, developmentally appropriate and


y Maria Montessori 1870 - 1952

´The fundamental principle of scientific pedagogy must be, indeed, the liberty of the pupil;²such liberty as shall permit a development of individual, spontaneous manifestations of the child·s nature. If a new and scientific pedagogy is to arise from the study of the individual, such study must occupy itself with the observation of free children.µ Maria Montessori, The Montessori Method (28)

But what is Montessori, anyway?
y Answer: Montessori is not just a name or a brand, it is an

educational philosophy that capitalizes on the natural way children learn through discovery.

Three Key strengths of Montessori
y "learned to be self-directed and self-starters." y "learn to think for themselves´ y "freedom to pursue their own interests."

Ideas Central to the Montessori Method
y Areas of the Classroom.
y The Montessori classroom is set-

up into eight different areas: practical life, sensorial, math, language, culture/geography, science, and art.
y Mainstays are practical life,

sensorial, math, and language. Montessori stressed the importance of learning through the senses (sight, sound, taste, touch, and smell) and incorporated them into the materials.

y Prepared Environment.
y The goal is to have a place where

the child would maximize and facilitate independent learning.
y It is a calm, well-ordered space

where the child is able to carry out tasks suited to their varying needs and abilities.
y Elements of a prepared

environment include: freedom, structure, order, beauty, nature, social, and intellectual.

y Age Range.
y In Montessori classrooms you·ll find

that children are grouped by a 3year age range (3-6, 6-9, 9-12, etc).
y The benefit of this is so that the

older children can model and lead the younger ones and the younger children are propelled on in their own learning by observing what the older children are doing.

y Respect.
y Montessori believed that

children should be treated with respect, as capable beings³not just little adults.
y Respect is incorporated into

every aspect of the Montessori environment. The children are taught and then expected to respect their environment, the materials, world, themselves, and others.

y Order.
y Order plays an important

aspect of a Montessori environment, because it allows the children to focus during times when they are experiencing rapid growth and development.
y The ordered environment

allows the child to focus on their work and task they are interested, which in turn enables the child to absorb the experience and learn quickly.

y Rewards & Punishments.
y Montessori·s called external rewards

and punishments ´the bench of the soul, the instrument of slavery for the spiritµ (The Montessori Method, 21), but that the process and discovery in the work itself would be reward enough.
y An occasional external reward might

be a smile from a teacher or a quiet acknowledgment of an appropriate behavior.

y The Montessori Teacher.
y The role of a Montessori teacher,

also referred to as a directoress, is to inspire, demonstrate, and facilitate, but not to lecture.
y She (or he) does this by maintaining

a prepared environment, providing the opportunity for formal and informal learning, and modeling the behavior the teacher desires to see in the child.

y Presentations.
y The elements of a formal presentation include that the teacher

believes the child is ready for the new activity, the activity is presented and treated as the child·s work instead of play, the caregiver presents the activity in sequence, and finally the child performs the activity as many times as he/she likes.

y Formal Lesson ² A formal presentation is a planned activity

based on the child·s interest, abilities, and sensitive period.
y Informal Lesson ²You·d provide an informal presentation as

the moment arises. An informal presentation occurs when a student asks a question or requests help from a caregiver. This leads into a formal presentation.


y 8:00-10:00 (MONTESSORI) y 10:00-12:00 (OTHER KINDERGARTEN) y 12:00 ² LUNCH AT EIS CAFETERIA y 1:00 ² LEAVING FROM EIS y 2:00 ² FUTURE PARK y 3:30 ² LEAVING HOME

y HOME ² 5:00PM


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