# Understanding Heat Transfer, Conduction, Convection and Radiation

 Cold objects in a warmer room will heat up to room temperature.Heat Transfer  Heat always moves from a warmer place to a cooler place.  Hot objects in a cooler room will cool to room temperature. .

Question  If a cup of coffee and a red popsickle were left on the table in this room what would happen to them? Why?  The cup of coffee will cool until it reaches room temperature. The popsickle will melt and then the liquid will warm to room temperature. .

Heat Transfer Methods  Heat transfers in three ways: ± Conduction ± Convection ± Radiation .

Conduction  Conduction is when heat moves between objects that are touching. Eventually. the thermal energy moves through the hot pan to the cold egg.  Example: Cooking an egg on the stove. The egg gains thermal energy from the pan. the egg and the pan are the same temperature. ± The heat from the burner makes the pan hot.  Can you think of another example? . Soon.

 An object that thermal energy can move through easily is called a conductor. such as iron or copper.  Thermal energy moves easily through most metals. .Conduction  A pan is used for cooking because it is made of metal.

Which of the following items are good conductors? .

 Example: Cooking chicken in the oven. causing the thermal energy to transfer to the chicken and cooking it. The gasses that heat up the oven are moving all around the chicken.Convection  Convection is when heat moves between objects that ARE NOT touching. The chicken never directly touches the coils that heat the oven.  The thermal energy is carried from one object to the other by a gas. . ± You put the chicken in a hot oven. but the gas from the coils does.

Convection  Can you think of some other examples? ± Cooking food in the microwave ± Air conditioner and heat in your house .

 Example: the sun ± You can feel the heat from the sun¶s rays.Radiation  Radiation is the transfer of thermal energy by electromagnetic waves. . or gas) to transfer thermal energy. You are not touching the sun and no gases are touching the sun and then you. liquid.  What does that mean? It means that radiation does not require matter (solid.

? RADIATION .The third method of heat transfer How does heat energy get from the Sun to the Earth? There are no particles between the Sun and the Earth so it CANNOT travel by conduction or by convection.

it must first be absorbed by a material  This is why your clothes feel hot after being in the sun or after sitting in front of a fire.Radiation  What are some other examples of radiation? ± A fire ± A light bulb  For radiation to be felt as heat. .

B. D. Which of the following is not a method of heat transfer? A. C. Radiation Insulation Conduction Convection .1.

2. C. Radiation Conduction Convection Insulation . D. B. How does heat energy reach the Earth from the Sun? A.

B. An example of convection is________. Heating up pizza in the oven Your skin getting warm in the sun Cooking eggs on the stove None of the above . A. C.3. D.

4. Your skin getting warm in the sun Cooking eggs on the stove Heating up pizza in the oven None of the above . B. C. An example of conduction is _________. D. A.

 Conductor²An object that thermal energy can move through easily . Conduction²when thermal energy moves between objects that are touching. such as the sun.  Convection²when thermal energy moves between objects that are not touching by liquids or gases  Radiation²the transfer of thermal energy by electromagnetic waves through empty space.