Touchscreen

Guide: Moona Farha

by Satyajeet Joshi 3kb07ec048

Overview
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Introduction Technologies Comparison of touch screen Advantages and disadvantages Applications Future touch screen technology Conclusion

Touch screen can also sense other passive objects.Introduction Touch screen is a display that can detect the presence and location of a touch within the display area. . The term generally refers to touch or contact to the display of the device by a finger or hand. such as a stylus.

Touchscreen emerged from academic and corporate research labs in the second half of 1960 s one of the first places where they gained some visibility was in the computercomputer-assisted terminal that came out in 1972 as part of the PLATO project The HP-150 from 1983 was probably the world s earliiest HPtouchscreen computers It doesn t actually have a touch screen in the strict sense.but 9 sony CRT surrounded by infrared transmitters and receivers which detects the position of any nonnontransparent objects on the screen. .History Jason Ford is the inventor of touchscreens.

Such displays can be attached to the computers or. again. The touch screen has two main attributes: 1. It enables one to interact with what is displayed directly on the screen. 2. such as a stylus that needs to be held in the hand. as terminals. It lets one do so without requiring any intermediate device. .Continue . rather than indirectly with a mouse or touch pad. to networks. where it is displayed.

the touch screen market for mobile devices was 55 billion in 2009. These device also allow multi users to interact with touch screen simultaneously.Development The development of multi-point touch screen multifacilitated the tracking of more than one finger on the screen. With the influence of the multi-touch-enabled imulti-touchiPhone and the nintendo DS. . thus the operation that require more than one finger are possible.

.Construction The layout shows the top view and the side view of an touchscreen panel. It is differentiated into two axis i. The two marks A and B shows the point of contact on the surface of a touchscreen.e X-axis and Y-axis as XYshown in the figure. The sense is determined by the panel and desired output is obtained.

Types of Touch screens: TOUCHSCREEN RESISTIVE SAW INFRARED CAPACITIVE .

Technologies The types of technologies that can be found are as follows Resistive: The resistive touch screen uses a glass panel with a uniform conductive ITO(indium tin oxide) coating on the side surface A PET film is a tightly suspended over the ITO coating surface of a glass panel. .

producing the voltages.Working principle When the screen is touched. and PET film is grounded. and voltage is uniformly decreasing to pin(X right) for 0V because of the resistive ITO coating on the glass substrate. it pushes the conductive ITO coating on the PET film. . The micro-processor applies +5V to pin(X left) on microthe glass panel.That results the electrical contact.It presents the position touched.

Y position is produced. The next electric cycle. Hence. a voltage of the glass substrate proportional to the X position of the touch appears on the PET film. Resistive touch screen deliver cost effective. consistent and durable performance. Resistive technology include only 75% optical transparency and the fact that a sharp object can damage the resistive layers. Then it is stored and transferred to the host.When the touch screen is touched. . the X position id produced. This voltage is digitized by the A\D converter and A\ subjected to an average algorithm.

Surface Acoustic wave: On the pure glass substrate. there are 4 piezoelectric transmitting and receiving transducer on the corners of both X and Y axis. .

the finger absorbs a portion of the wave passing across the surface of the panel. XYWhen the touch screen is touched.Continue . The SAW controller sends a 5MHz electrical signals to the X-axis and Y-axis transmitting transducers. SAW can be used in any and all applications for the best possible image clarity and unlimited life. .

The current respectively drifts to the electrodes on the four corners. . so when touched the screen with a finger. Small amount of voltage is applied to the electrodes on the four corners. The capacitive system has very long life(about 225 million clicks).Capacitive: Capacitive touch screen is a 4 multimulti-layer glass. a slight amount of current is drawn creating a voltage drop. A human body is an electric conductor.

. with photo sensors placed on the two opposite bezel edges to analyze the system and determine a touch event.Infrared: Conventional optical-touch systems use an array of LED on opticaltwo adjacent bezel edges of a display.

IR eliminates the use of glass or plastic overlay that most other touch technologies require infront the display. IR increases the noise floor at the optical sensor. High cost of technology. .

Comparision of touchscreens Technology Resistive SAW Infrared Capacitive Durability 5 years 5 years 3 years 2 years Stability High Higher Good High Good Ok Ok Transparency Ok Touch Anything Finger/pen Sharp Conductive Response time < 10ms 10ms <20ms <15ms .

Easy to install. Doesn t interfere mouse and keyboard function. Compatible with windows. Use finger. finger nail. Easy to clean and maintain. stylus or any soft-tip softpointer to operate. macintosh and linux.Advantages Advantages: User friendly. Error free input. gloved hand. Fast response. Make computing easy powerful and fun. .

Power consumption  Touch screen gadgets consume lots of battery power because the whole surface is exposed with light and decreases the life of battery. .Disadvantages Finger stress  Stress on human fingers when used for more than a few minutes at a time . Finger prints  Touch screens can suffer from the problem of finger prints in the display.

Applications 1.Entertainment .Public access 4.Business 3.Government Applications 2.

Public access Museums Library resource guides Corporate information Public transportation schedule/status Airport terminal passenger internet and e-mail esystem Automated travel and entertainment ticket dispensers Shopping mall directory .

Business Gas stations Point of sales Restaurants Grocery store Hotel and Hospital directories Banks and financial reporting Bank cash advance and teller machines .

Entertainment Interactive computer games Casinos Government Military control systems Scientific research lab .

next is a small video clip which explain s about the future of touchscreen technologies.Future of touchscreen technology The future of touch screen cannot be described in few words or so . .

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. fast and innovative. a large share of population is PC literate. Today.Conclusion: Designers are trying to use touch screen to simplify input commands for largely unsophisticated computer users. In future there is no usage of mouse and keyboards as they will be replaced by touch screens. yet the touch screen has become adopted by computer users of all abilities because it is simple.

pp.12Internet . 1991.8. 2006 Shneiderman.. DiamondTouch: a Multi-UserTouch Technology.V. IEEE Software. 2001. 2007 pp. pp. LNCS 4282. Touchscreens now offer compelling uses. J. al Multi-touch Interaction for Table-Top Display ICAT MultiTable2006." Computer vol.Y. 219 226. "New Interfaces at the Touch of a Fingertip. D. pp. B. S. 93-94 93Nichols. no. Proceedings of ACM on UIST '05.40. pp. MultiProceedings of ACM on UIST '01. pp.12-15. 8(2).J. Aug. 2005. 115SongSong-Gook Kim et. 1273 1282.References Dietz. P. 115-118. Han. Low-Cost Multi-touch Sensing Through Frustrated Total Internal LowMultiReflection. and Lehigh.

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