Energy Flow Through an Ecosystem

Food Chains, Food Webs, Energy Pyramids

copyright cmassengale

1

•Begins with the SUN •Photosynthesis

6CO2 + 6H2O + sunlight & chlorophyll C6H12 O6 + 6O2
copyright cmassengale 2

reaction •Chemical & carbon where green plants use water dioxide to store the sun’s energy in glucose ENERGY is stored in glucose Glucose is stored as starch in plants

Photosynthesis

• •

copyright cmassengale

3

Organisms that can make glucose during photosynthesis are called PRODUCERS.
copyright cmassengale 4

Producers use most of the energy they make for themselves.
copyright cmassengale 5

Producers use cellular respiration to supply the energy they need to live.
copyright cmassengale 6

6O2 + C6H12 O6 --> 6H2O + 6CO2 + energy

CELLULAR RESPIRATION is the chemical reaction that releases the energy in glucose.
copyright cmassengale 7

The energy that is not used by producers can be passed on to organisms that cannot make their own energy.
copyright cmassengale 8

Organisms that cannot make their own energy are called CONSUMERS.
copyright cmassengale 9

• •

Consumers that eat producers to get energy:

Are first order (1st ) or primary consumers Are herbivores (plant-eaters)

copyright cmassengale

10

energy the primary consumer gets from the producer is used by the consumer.

Most of the

copyright cmassengale

11

energy moves into the atmosphere as heat.

Some of the

copyright cmassengale

12

Some energy in the primary consumer is STORED & not lost to the atmosphere or used by the consumer itself.
This energy is available for another consumer (predator).
copyright cmassengale

13

A Consumer that Eats Another Consumer for Energy:

• • • •

Is called a secondary or 2nd order consumer May be a carnivore or a omnivore May be a predator May be a scavenger

copyright cmassengale

14

energy the secondary consumer gets from the primary consumer is used by the secondary consumer.
copyright cmassengale 15

Most of the

energy is lost as heat, but some energy is stored and can passed on to another consumer.
copyright cmassengale 16

Some of the

A consumer that eats a consumer that already ate a consumer:

• • • •

Is called a 3rd order or tertiary consumer May be a carnivore or a omnivore May be a predator May be a scavenger
copyright cmassengale 17

Consumers that eat producers & other consumers
omnivores
Omnivores eat plants and animals Are called

copyright cmassengale

18

Consumers that hunt & kill other consumers are called predators. The animals that are hunted & killed are called prey.

copyright cmassengale

19

Consumers that eat other dead consumers are called scavengers
copyright cmassengale 20

The transfer of energy from the sun to producer to primary consumer then to higher order consumers can be shown in a FOOD CHAIN.

copyright cmassengale

21

Food Chains Show Available Energy

copyright cmassengale

22

More Food Chains

copyright cmassengale

23

Another way of showing the transfer of energy in an ecosystem is the ENERGY PYRAMID
copyright cmassengale 24

Energy Pyramids Show

•Amount of available energy decreases for • • •

higher consumers Amount of available energy decreases down the food chain It takes a large number of producers to support a small number of primary consumers It takes a large number of primary consumers to support a small number of secondary consumers
copyright cmassengale 25

copyright cmassengale

26

Food Webs:

• •

Are interconnected food chains They show the feeding relationships in an ecosystem

copyright cmassengale

27

How Many Chains are in this web?

copyright cmassengale

28

Identify the Producers, Consumers, & Decomposers:
Count the Food Chains!

copyright cmassengale

29

copyright cmassengale

30

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful