Case study by: Iqra Iqbal

Origins

The Beatles were an English rock band, formed in Liverpool in 1960, are often recognized as the most commercially successful and critically acclaimed act in popular music.

From 1962, the group consisted of:

John Lennon (rhythm guitar, vocals)

Paul McCartney (bass guitar, vocals)
George Harrison (lead guitar, vocals) Ringo Starr (drums, vocals)

Origins

Rooted in skiffle (a former primitive style of jazz or folk music) and 1950s rock and roll, the group later worked in many genres ranging from pop ballads to psychedelic rock (rock music inspired by or related to drug-induced experience), often incorporating classical and other elements in innovative ways.

The nature of their enormous popularity, which first emerged as the "Beatlemania" fad, transformed as their songwriting grew in sophistication. The group came to be perceived as the embodiment of progressive ideals, seeing their influence extend into the social and cultural revolutions of the 1960s.

variously included Liverpool natives John Lennon."  The group became a fixture on the rough-and-tumble bar scene in Hamburg.  . running the gamut from Chuck Berry to Little Richard. where their five-set-a-night marathons helped mold them into a tight performing unit. With a rhythm section consisting of bassist Stu Sutcliffe (an art student with great looks and scant musical ability) and drummer Pete Best. Their early repertoire consisted of well-chosen rock and roll and rhythm & blues covers. Germany. the group assumed the name "the Beatles.History and significance The long journey resulting in the mob scene that greeted the Beatles' arrival at Kennedy Airport began in Liverpool back in 1958.  A series of groups. including the Quarrymen and the Johnny and the Moondogs. Paul McCartney and George Harrison.

In August. where they were discovered by a local record merchant and entrepreneur.  . who became their manager in December 1961.  Epstein helped polish the group's appearance. having impressed producer George Martin. was brought into replace Pete Best.  After being rejected by Decca Records following a January 1962 audition. the group landed a lunchtime residency at a club called the Cavern. Sutcliffe left and McCartney switched from guitar to bass. Ringo Starr (born Richard Starkey). On the local scene in their hometown of Liverpool. who'd been drumming with Rory Storm and the Hurricanes.History and significance In April 1961. dressing them in dapper collarless gray suits and making them appear more friendly than menacing. the Beatles signed with EMI-Parlophone that April. Brian Epstein.

" "I Want to Hold Your Hand." formally ignited Beatlemania in their homeland.S.  . and Starr's amiable disposition and artful simplicity as a drummer. Harrison's guitar-playing prowess.K.History and significance The group's first single.  It was followed by four consecutive chart-topping British singles. reaching the Number Two spot. issued throughout 1963: "From Me to You. "Please Please Me. even inducing a classical music critic from the London Sunday Times to declare them "the greatest composers since Beethoven." briefly dented the U." "Can't Buy Me Love. Top Twenty in October 1962." "She Loves You.."  They conquered the U. "Love Me Do/P.K."  The group's success was based around the Lennon/McCartney songwriting partnership. I Love You. but their next 45.

in August 1964.  Their popularity soared still further with the release of their playfully anarchic documentary film. 1964.  . as a torrent of rock and roll bands from Britain overtook the pop charts.S. with "Can't Buy Me Love" ensconced at Number One. EMI's American counterpart. A Hard Day's Night. was "I Want to Hold Your Hand. This exuberant track was followed by 45 more Top Forty hits over the next half-dozen years." released on Capitol Records.  During the week of April 4.History and significance The Beatles' conquest of America early in 1964 launched the British Invasion. the Beatles set a record that is likely never to be broken when they occupied all five of the top positions on Billboard's Top Pop Singles chart.  The Fab Four's first Number One single in the U.

is distinguished primarily by the deafening screams of female fans overcome by the group's very appearance. the Beatles can unassailably be regarded as the top group in rock and roll history.  .History and significance When all was said and done.  The Beatles' legacy as a concert attraction. the Beatles charted 20 Number One singles in the States . during their harried passage from nightclubs to baseball stadiums.a number even greater than runner-up Elvis Presley's 17 chart-toppers.  Yet their significance as a band extends beyond numbers to encompass their innovations in the recording studio. For such feats of sales and airplay alone.

 Ten months later.  . the Beatles retired from touring after a San Francisco concert on August 29.  The results included such musically expansive and lyrically sophisticated albums as Rubber Soul (1965) and Revolver (1966). layering sounds and crafting songs in a way no one had attempted before. a watershed event in which rock became "serious art" without losing its sense of humor (or sense of the absurd). 1966.History and significance Consequently. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band. they released Sgt.  For various reasons. ranging from safety concerns to frustration that no one could hear or was listening. the Beatles began to indulge their creative energies in the studio. an album that has almost universally been cited as the creative apotheosis of rock and roll.

History and significance Realizing the band members' collective ambitions took four months and all the technical wiles of producer George Martin.  . Pepper broke the mold in that no singles were released from it.  Anyone who was alive in the summer of 1967 can remember the pleasant shock of hearing it and the reverberations it sent outward into the world of rock and roll and beyond. Sgt.  The album's heady artistic reach further cemented the notion of a viable counterculture in the minds of youthful dropouts everywhere.  A completely self-contained album meant to be played and experienced from start to finish.

2. the release of the TV film Magical Mystery Tour. . the Beatles began to splinter in ways that were. the launching in January 1968 of Apple Corps. subtle but that gradually grew more pronounced. a disastrously mismanaged entertainment empire that helped bring down the Beatles amid a tangled maze of money matters. Ltd. about whom Lennon wrote the scabrous putdown "Sexy Sadie".. 3. Pepper.History and significance In the wake of Sgt. and 4.   Subsequent events included: 1. a trip to India to meditate with Maharishi Mahesh Yogi. the death of manager Epstein due to an overdose of sleeping pills. at first. which earned the Beatles some of their first negative reviews.

recorded in 1969 but shelved until 1970. the Beatles managed to retain their integrity and focus as recording artists. essentially documented the Beatles' dissolution and breakup amid internal squabbles and the presence of John Lennon's new mate.  Yet the Beatles came together and exited on a high note. The Beatles (1968).  The album and film Let It Be.  . the single "Hey Jude"/"Revolution" became their most popular single. Yoko Ono.  Released in August 1968. uniting in the summer of 1969 to record their swan song. Abbey Road." was like a prism that found the group refracting into four individual and highly estimable talents.History and significance Through all the chaotic events of the late Sixties. a double-LP popularly referred to as "the White Album.

and the group quietly came to an end. while the group members pursued solo careers with varying degrees of artistic and commercial success.  . Paul McCartney announced his departure from the Beatles.History and significance On April 10.  Those hopes were forever dashed by the murder of John Lennon in New York City on December 8. fans hoped for an eventual reunion.  Throughout the Seventies. 1970. 1980.

History and significance The impact of the Beatles upon popular music cannot be overstated.  Even adults typically given to scorning rock and roll as worthless "kid's stuff" were forced to concede that there was substance in their music and quick-witted cleverness in their repartee. they revolutionized the music industry and touched the lives of all who heard them in deep and fundamental ways. barely two months earlier. playful personalities and moptopped charisma were just the tonic needed by a nation left reeling by the senseless assassination of its young president.   Arriving in the United States on February 7.  The Beatles' buoyant melodies.  . 1964. John F. setting the musical agenda for the remainder of the decade. Kennedy. they literally stood the world of pop culture on its head.

they literally stood the world of pop culture on its head.  Even adults typically given to scorning rock and roll as worthless "kid's stuff" were forced to concede that there was substance in their music and quick-witted cleverness in their repartee. 1964. John F.   Arriving in the United States on February 7. Kennedy. barely two months earlier.History and significance The impact of the Beatles upon popular music cannot be overstated.  The Beatles' buoyant melodies.  . they revolutionized the music industry and touched the lives of all who heard them in deep and fundamental ways. playful personalities and moptopped charisma were just the tonic needed by a nation left reeling by the senseless assassination of its young president. setting the musical agenda for the remainder of the decade.

British rock and roll became famous all over the world and The Beatles’ success is still unequaled to this day.  .History and significance What was that made them so distinctive? How come no other band equaled their success? Might have been for the fresh breath of hope expressed trough their songs given that the Vietnam War was the time when they had the chance to express their political views trough their music. renewed hope that they transmitted through their songs that made the public love them. "Hope never dies" as the good old proverb says and it is maybe a fresh.  They influenced the people. that generation not only in their musical preferences but also in the way they dressed and felt about one another. They transmitted all there was to share trough their music and lyrics.

History and significance What was that made them so distinctive? How come no other band equaled their success? The impact of the Beatles — not only on rock & roll but on all of Western culture — is simply incalculable. George Harrison's rockabilly-style guitar leads. As musicians.  As a unit the Beatles were a musically synergistic combination: Paul McCartney's melodic bass lines. the Beatles proved that rock & roll could embrace a limitless variety of harmonies. John Lennon's assertive rhythm guitar — and their four fervent voices. Ringo Starr's slaphappy no-rolls drumming. and sounds.  . structures. virtually every rock experiment has some precedent on Beatles records.

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and 22 singles. • .The Beatles discograhy In their native United Kingdom during 1962–1970. 13 EPs (extended plays). • However. with full-length long plays (LPs). shorter EPs. • The Beatles' discography was originally released on the vinyl format. The Beatles released 12 studio albums. and singles (SPs). particularly during their early years on Capitol Records in the United States. due to different versions of their albums sometimes being released in other countries. the band's international discography is complicated.

The Beatles and their regular producer George Martin gave more time and attention to preparing mono mixes of their recordings. the core Beatles discography recorded during the 1960s is 217 tracks and approximately ten hours of music. the collection has also been released on cassette. • Although their output has come to include vault items and remixed mash-ups. • Most of The Beatles' albums were released in both mono and stereo. and on a USB flash drive in MP3 and 24-bit FLAC format. Since mono record players were the most common at the time. 8-track. • .compact disc (CD).The Beatles discograhy Over the years.

the stereo mixes were prepared without their supervision.The Beatles discograhy The Beatles had only involved themselves in creating the mono mixes for the first four albums. • However. their final two albums—Abbey Road and Let It Be—were mixed and released in stereo only. because by the late '60s stereo record players became more common. new releases appeared on the Apple label. • From 1968. Parlophone and Capitol catalogue numbers continued to be used for contractual reasons. • . in both the UK and the US. starting with the single "Hey Jude" and the album The Beatles (better known as the "White Album").

 . produced by George Martin in 1987 and 1988 using the best equipment available during the early days of the format. The remaining albums were then issued in stereo only. the sound of the digital transfers of the discs. over a four-year period. they were released in mono. According to the official editions of the first four albums. Apple and EMI released these versions of The Beatles' catalogue on CD on 9 September 2009 in mono and stereo. the original recordings were remastered using the latest technology.The Beatles discograhy The Beatles' UK discography was released on CD in the late 1980s.  However. no longer met the standards achievable of 21st century techniques.  From 2005.

List of The Beatles songs Titles • Year Album Chart position UK — — 63 1 — — — — — — — — — — 1 — Chart position US 12-Bar Original A Beginning A Day in the Life A Hard Day's Night A Shot of Rhythm and Blues A Taste of Honey A World Without Love Across the Universe Act Naturally Ain't She Sweet All I've Got to Do All My Loving All Things Must Pass All Together Now All You Need Is LoveAnd I Love Her 1965 1968 1967 1964 1963 1963 1964 1968 1965 1961 1963 1963 1969 1967 1967 1964 Anthology 2 Anthology 3 Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band A Hard Day's Night Live at the BBC Please Please Me Let It Be Help! Anthology 1 With the Beatles With the Beatles Anthology 3 Yellow Submarine Magical Mystery Tour A Hard Day's Night — — — 1 — — — — 47 19 — 45 — — 1 12 .

You're a Rich Man Baby's in Black Back in the U.S.List of The Beatles songs Titles • Year Album Chart position UK — — — — — 7 1 — 19 — — — — — — — — 1 — Chart position US — — — — — 67 34 — — — — — — — — — — 1 — And Your Bird Can Sing Anna (Go to Him) Another Girl Any Time at All Ask Me Why Baby It's You Baby.R. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band Anthology 1 The Beatles The Beatles Magical Mystery Tour Please Please Me A Hard Day's Night . Bad Boy BecauseBeing for the Benefit of Mr.S. Kite! Bésame Mucho Birthday Blackbird Blue Jay Way Boys Can't Buy Me Love Carnival of Light 1966 1963 1965 1964 1962 1963 1967 1964 1968 1965 1969 1967 1962 1968 1968 1967 1963 1964 1967 Revolver Please Please Me Help! A Hard Day's Night Please Please Me Please Please Me Magical Mystery Tour Beatles for Sale The Beatles Beatles VI Abbey Road Sgt.

Waiting. HopingDay Tripper Dear Prudence Devil in Her Heart Dig a Pony Dig It Dizzy Miss Lizzy Do You Want to Know a SecretDoctor Robert 1963 1969 1962 1960 1963 1967 1963 1969 1969 1968 1961 1963 1965 1968 1963 1969 1969 1965 1963 1966 Live at the BBC Abbey Road Anthology 1 Please Please Me The Beatles' Christmas Album Live at the BBC Anthology 3 Abbey Road The Beatles Anthology 1 Live at the BBC Past Masters Volume 2 The Beatles With the Beatles Let It Be Let It Be Help! Please Please Me Revolver .List of The Beatles songs Titles • Year Album Chart position UK — — — — — 2 — — 4 — — — 1 — — — — — — — Chart position US — — — — — 6 — — 1 — — — 5 — — — — — 2 — Carol Carry That Weight Catswalk Cayenne Chains Christmas Time (Is Here Again)Clarabella Come and Get It Come Together Cry Baby Cry Cry for a Shadow Crying.

List of The Beatles songs Titles • Year Album Chart position UK — — — — — — 1 — — — — — — — — 2 — 1 — 1 Chart position US — — 35 — — 1 11 — — — — — — — 1 6 — 41 — 1 Don't Bother Me Don't Ever Change Don't Let Me Down Don't Pass Me By Drive My Car Eight Days a Week Eleanor Rigby Etcetera Every Little Thing Everybody's Got Something to Hide Except Me and My MonkeyEverybody's Trying to Be My BabyFixing a Hole Flying For No One For You Blue Free as a Bird From a Window From Me to You From Us to You Get Back 1963 1963 1969 1968 1965 1964 1966 1968 1964 1968 1964 1967 1967 1966 1969 1995 1964 1963 1963 1969 With the Beatles Live at the BBC Past Masters Volume 2 The Beatles Rubber Soul Beatles for Sale Revolver Beatles for Sale The Beatles Beatles for Sale Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band Magical Mystery Tour Revolver Let It Be Anthology 1 Past Masters Volume 1 Live at the BBC .

Goodbye Hello Little Girl Help! Helter Skelter Her Majesty Here Comes the Sun Here. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band Rubber Soul Live at the BBC The Beatles Abbey Road Revolver Sgt.List of The Beatles songs Titles • Year Album Chart position UK — — — — — — — — — — — 1 — 1 — — — — — 1 — Chart position US — — — — — — — — 7 — — 1 — 1 — — — — — 1 — Getting Better Girl Glad All Over Glass Onion Golden Slumbers Good Day Sunshine Good Morning Good Morning Good Night Got to Get You into My Life Hallelujah. There and Everywhere Hey Bulldog Hey Jude Hippy Hippy Shake 1967 1965 1963 1968 1969 1966 1967 1968 1966 1960 1968 1967 1962 1965 1968 1969 1969 1966 1968 1968 1963 Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band The Beatles Revolver Anthology 1 The Beatles Magical Mystery Tour Anthology 1 Help! The Beatles Abbey Road Abbey Road Revolver Yellow Submarine Past Masters Volume 2 Live at the BBC . I Love Her So Happiness Is a Warm Gun Hello.

List of The Beatles songs Titles • Year Album Chart position UK — — — — — — — — 1 — — — — — — — — 8 — Chart position US — — — — 56 — — 39 1 — — — — — — — 14 53 — Hold Me Tight Honey Don't Honey Pie How Do You Do It? I Am the Walrus I Call Your Name I Don't Want to See You Again I Don't Want to Spoil the Party I Feel Fine I Forgot to Remember to Forget I Got a Woman I Got to Find My Baby I Just Don't Understand I Lost My Little Girl I Me Mine I Need You I Saw Her Standing There I Should Have Known Better I Wanna Be Your Man 1963 1964 1968 1962 1967 1964 1964 1964 1964 1964 1963 1963 1963 1962 1970 1965 1963 1964 1963 With the Beatles Beatles for Sale The Beatles Anthology 1 Magical Mystery Tour Past Masters Volume 1 Beatles for Sale Past Masters Volume 1 Live at the BBC Live at the BBC Live at the BBC Live at the BBC Let It Be Help! Please Please Me A Hard Day's Night With the Beatles .

List of The Beatles songs Titles • Year Album Chart position UK 1 — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — Chart position US 1 — — — 53 — — — — 25 — — — — — — 95 — — — I Want to Hold Your Hand I Want to Tell You I Want You (She's So Heavy) I Will If I Fell If I Needed Someone If You've Got Trouble I'll Be Back I'll Be on My Way I'll Cry Instead I'll Follow the Sun I'll Get You I'll Keep You Satisfied I'm a Loser I'm Down I'm Gonna Sit Right Down and Cry (Over You) I'm Happy Just to Dance with You I'm In Love I'm Looking Through You I'm Only Sleeping 1963 1966 1969 1968 1964 1965 1965 1964 1963 1964 1964 1963 1963 1964 1965 1963 1964 1963 1965 1966 Past Masters Volume 1 Revolver Abbey Road The Beatles A Hard Day's Night Rubber Soul Anthology 2 A Hard Day's Night Live at the BBC A Hard Day's Night Beatles for Sale Past Masters Volume 1 Beatles for Sale Past Masters Volume 1 Live at the BBC A Hard Day's Night Rubber Soul Revolver .

Germany. 1962 Rubber Soul Anthology 1 With the Beatles Yellow Submarine Help! Let It Be Help! Live at the BBC The Beatles Anthology 3 Beatles for Sale Live at the BBC Past Masters Volume 1 Past Masters Volume 2 .List of The Beatles songs Titles • Year Album Chart position UK — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — 1 — — 2 Chart position US — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — 4 — — 1 I'm So Tired I'm Talking About You In My Life In Spite of All the Danger It Won't Be Long It's All Too Much It's for You It's Only Love I've Got a Feeling I've Just Seen a Face Jazz Piano Song Johnny B. Hey. Hey. Goode Julia Junk Kansas City/Hey. Hey Keep Your Hands Off My Baby Komm Gib Mir Deine Hand Lady Madonna Leave My Kitten Alone Lend Me Your Comb Let It Be 1968 1962 1965 1958 1963 1967 1964 1965 1969 1965 1969 1964 1968 1968 1964 1963 1964 1968 1964 1963 1969 The Beatles Live! at the Star-Club in Hamburg.

Bring Me No More Blues Martha My Dear Matchbox Maxwell's Silver Hammer 1962 1963 1963 1968 1964 1962 1962 1962 1962 1966 1967 N/A 1963 1967 1969 1969 1967 1969 1968 1964 1969 Anthology 1 With the Beatles Live at the BBC The Beatles Past Masters Volume 1 Please Please Me Revolver Sgt.List of The Beatles songs Titles • Year Album Chart position UK — — — — — — 4 — — — — — — — — — — — — — — Chart position US — — — — — — 1 — — — — — — — — — — — — 17 — Like Dreamers Do Little Child Lonesome Tears in My Eyes Long. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band Let It Be Magical Mystery Tour Anthology 3 The Beatles . Long. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band Live at the BBC Sgt. Long Long Tall Sally Looking Glass Love Me Do Love Me Tender Love of the Loved Love You To Lovely Rita Loving You Lucille Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds Madman Maggie Mae Magical Mystery Tour Mailman.

Mustard Memphis. Tennessee Michelle Misery Money (That's What I Want) Moonlight Bay Mother Nature's Son Mr. Moonlight No Reply Nobody I Know Norwegian Wood (This Bird Has Flown) Not a Second Time Not Guilty Nothin' Shakin' (But the Leaves on the Trees) Nowhere Man Ob-La-Di.List of The Beatles songs Titles • Year Album Chart position UK Chart position US Mean Mr. Ob-La-Da Octopus's Garden Oh! Darling Old Brown Shoe One After 909 One and One Is Two 1969 1963 1965 1963 1963 1963 1968 1964 1964 1964 1965 1963 1968 1963 1965 1968 1969 1969 1969 1969 1964 .

List of The Beatles songs Titles • Year Album Chart position UK Chart position US Some Other Guy Something Step Inside Love/Los Paranoias Strawberry Fields Forever Sun King Sure to Fall (In Love with You) Sweet Little Sixteen Take Good Care of My Baby Taxman Teddy Boy Tell Me What You See Tell Me Why Thank You Girl That Means a Lot That'll Be the Day That's All Right (Mama) The Ballad of John and Yoko The Continuing Story of Bungalow Bill The End The Fool on the Hill The Honeymoon Song .

List of The Beatles songs Titles • Year Album Chart position UK Chart position US .

List of The Beatles songs Titles • Year Album Chart position UK Chart position US .

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