The Sacrament of Matrimony

pol villagracia
Theology-SBCA

Objectives:
To understand the background of Matrimony, its nature and essential properties

To identify the prerequisites of a valid marriage.

Established Goals
Marriage is a unique sacrament, in that it is built into the very nature our human reality as created male and female in the image of God and called to a covenant of loving others with God‟s love. The two creation accounts present the two basic ends of marriage; procreative, propagating the human race and unitive, the two will become one body….

Issues Against Marriage
Adultery
RH Bill polyandry polygamy

Live-in
Same Sex Marriage

Divorce Bigamy sterilization

Concubinage
contraception

Terms for distinctions
Divorce

Legal Separation

Annulment

Remember an adage: To have three wives is polygamy.

To have two wives is
bigamy. To have only one wife is a Monotony. A new mentality emerges: monogamy is passe. What about 10 wives? Gluttony!

Read, reflect and answer…
Marriage is like a zipper.
There are two rows of teeth on a zipper. These teeth fit into one another very neatly. But you can never fasten the zipper unless you use the little zip that draws the teeth together and locks them.

Questions…
1. How is marriage compared to a zipper? Explain.
2. In Christian marriage, who do you think acts as two rows of teeth? Who acts as the little zipper?

3. What is the message of the story?

Words to reflect on…
It takes three to get married: a man and a woman and God.
Bishop Fulton Sheen

Gen 1:27

God created man in His own image,

1. Man is intrinsically good. 2. Man is basically loving and selfgiving. 3. Man is born, lives and dies in community.

Gen 1:27

God created man in His own image,

…Gen 2:18 Then the LORD God said, "It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him a helper fit for him.”

…and the rib which the LORD God had taken from the man he made into a woman… and brought her to Genesis 2:22 the man.”

"Marriage and conjugal love are by their nature ordained toward the begetting and educating of children.”
Humanae Vitae

Genesis 2:24 For this reason a man shall leave his father and his mother, and be joined to his wife; and they shall become ONE FLESH.

The best way to express the meaning of marriage is to speak of it in terms of a covenant. A covenant in the Scripture is a binding agreement or bond between two parties. God’s dealing with his people was within the context of a covenant.

Both the Old and the New Testament used marriage as a symbol of God’s own faithfulness to his people (CFC, 1888-95).

The reality of marriage as a covenant has its basis in the story of Creation.

When the Lord God brought the woman to the man, the man said:

“This one, at last, is bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh; This one shall be called „woman,‟ for out of „her man‟ this one has been taken.” That is why a man leaves his father and mother and clings to his wife, and the two of them become one body. Genesis 2:23-24

TheEphesians 5:22-23

Christian Wives and Husbands. Wives should be submissive to their husbands as if to the Lord because the husband is the head of his wife just as Christ is the Head of His body the Church, as well as its Savior. As the Church submits to Christ, so wives should submit to their husbands in everything.

“Husbands, love your wives, as Christ loved the Church. He gave himself up for her make her holy, purifying her in the bath of water by the power of the word, to present to himself a glorious church, holy and immaculate without stain or wrinkle or anything of that sort. Husbands should love their wives as they do their own bodies. He who loves his wife loves himself.

TheEphesians 5:22-23 “Observe that no one ever hates his own flesh; no, he nourishes it and takes care of it as Christ cares for the Church – for we are members of his body. “For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother, and shall cling to his wife, and the two shall be made one,”

This is the great foreshadowing; I mean that it refers to Christ and the Church. In any case, each one should love his wife as he loves himself, the wife of her part showing respect for her husband.

ThePaul, in this passage, exhorts married Christians to a strong mutual love. In verse 31, Paul quotes Genesis 2:24 to show that marriage is instituted by God. He sees Christian marriage as taking on a new meaning that symbolizes the intimate relationship of love between Christ and the Church.

Both Husbands and wives are admonished to “be subordinate to one another out of reverence for Christ”

Canon 1055
The marriage covenant, by which a man and a woman establish between themselves a partnership of their whole life, and which of its own very nature is ordered to the well-being of the spouses and to the procreation and upbringing of children, has, between the baptized, been raised by Christ the Lord to the dignity of a sacrament.

Consequently, a valid marriage contract cannot exist between baptized persons without its being by the very fact a sacrament.

Canon 1056 The essential properties of marriage are unity and indissolubility; in Christian marriage they acquire a distinctive firmness by reason of the sacrament.

The effects of Marriage
Canon 1134 From a valid marriage there arises between the spouses a bond which of its own nature is permanent and exclusive.

Ang Lubid
polvillagracia

No‟ng kami ay naglaro ng trumpo, Gustong-gusto ko yung gawa ko. Mula sa sanga ng malaking bayabas At gamit ko ang itak na matalas. Pinutol ko ng dalawang pulgada, At putol na pako ibinaon ko sa kanya. Dulo ng itak ay nakatusok sa puno, At maging trumpo ko‟y nasa kalso.

Dahan-dahan ko s‟yang tinapyas, Upang lilitaw ang hugis na hiyas. Sa pasensya at tiyaga ko sya nabuo, Ang napakaganda kong trumpo. Ngunit upang ito‟y aking mapaglaruan, Kailangan ko ito‟y aking matatalian. Kumuha ako ng tuyong hibla ng abaka, Hinihimayhimay ko at hinati sa dalawa.

Ito‟y aking nilubid sa ibabaw ng hita, Gamit ng palad, pisi ay unting nakikita. Nilubid ko ng nilubid hangga‟t humaba, At ito‟y aking pinutulan sa gawing baba. Kami‟y nagsimulang maglaro ng trumpo, Ngunit di tumagal, lumuwag ang pisi ko. Ako‟y nagtanong sa aking tatay at nanay, Anong sikreto sa pagawa ng pisi nakalagay?

Huwag hatiin sa dalawa, anya ni nanay, Tatlong parte dapat para mas matibay. Sinimulan kong gumawa ulit ng lubid, Sa wakas ako‟y nakalaro ng masigasig.

Sa karanasang iyun, aking napag-isipan, Anumang samahan, mag-asawa o kaibigan, Kundi kasama ang Panginoon sa buhay Ay nakakatiyak, yan ay hindi matibay!

Words to reflect on…
It takes three to get married: a man and a woman and God.
Bishop Fulton Sheen

Thank you…

Abangan ang
susunod…

Objectives:
To understand the background of Matrimony, its nature and essential properties

To identify the prerequisites of a valid marriage.

Terms to be distinguished
Divorce

Legal Separation

Annulment

Essential Questions
How can a marriage be valid?
(What are its prerequisites?

What is an impediment? How does it invalidate marriage?

Prerequisites of a Valid Marriage
Can. 1063  Catechetical instruction  Personal preparation for entering marriage – disposition to holiness and the obligations of their new state

Matrimonial Consent
Marriage is brought into being by the lawfully manifested consent of legally capable persons. Therefore , no human authority can make up for this consent.

“Matrimonial consent is an act of the will by which a man and a woman by irrevocable covenant mutually give and accept one another for the purpose of establishing a marriage.”

Matrimonial consent must be true, free, and deliberate; actual (to get married here and now); mutual and simultaneous; externally and lawfully manifested
(according to the requirements of the ecclesiastical law);

and unconditional.

Impediments
Diriment Impediment
-(Can. 1073) renders a person incapable of

– make marriage invalid
 Impedient

Impediment – valid but illegal

Impediments

Terms to be distinguished

Divorce

Legal Separation

Annulment

Essential Questions
How can a marriage be valid?
(What are its prerequisites?

What is an impediment? How does it invalidate marriage?

Read and analyze: Jerry and Shane are married for six years now. They are blessed with two beautiful and lovely kids. The eldest is 5 years old and the other is 3. The couple started to quarrel almost everyday since the second child was added to the family. The wife got a job to alleviate financial difficulties. The husband went home often late and drunk or would not go home at all. He wanted to end their marriage and considered of looking another one. - How will you help them?

Sending >>>>> Receiving Receiving <<<<< Sending

“Without communication, you can’t have a relationship; and without a relationship, you can’t have love.”

Tone, Tempo, Physiology, Timbre Breathing, Rhythm, Facial Expression, Posture, GestureTone

Olny srmat poelpe can.

I cdnuolt blveiee taht I cluod aulaclty uesdnatnrd waht I was rdanieg. The phaonmneal pweor of the hmuan mnid, aoccdrnig to a rscheearch at Cmabrigde Uinervtisy, it deosn't mttaer in waht oredr the ltteers in a wrod are, the olny iprmoatnt tihng is taht the frist and lsat ltteer be in the rghit pclae. The rset can be a taotl mses and you can sitll raed it wouthit a porbelm. Tihs is bcuseae the huamn mnid deos not raed ervey lteter by istlef, but the wrod as a wlohe. Amzanig huh? yaeh and I awlyas tghuhot slpeling was ipmorantt!

L O V E

pol villagracia

Ang pag-aasawa ay parang pamamangka Sa gitna ng karagatang malalim at malawak. Ang dalawa‟y nanagwan ng pag-asa at baka, Pagkat bukas ay hindi tayo ang mayhawak.

Ang dalawa ay kailangang maninimbang, Kung ang isa’y sa kaliwa, isa naman sa kanan. Dahil pagsabay sa gilid, panganib ay nakaabang, Ang bangka ay tatagilid, tataob sa karagatan.

Ang dalawa ay dapat magkakaintindihan, Kahit wala man lang salitang nababanggit, Ni utos man ng kabiyak o anumang sinyasan, Ngunit ang pakiramdaman ang nakakahigit.

Minsan ang panahon ay lubhang masungit. Mga along malumay, unti-unting bumagsik. Kumakapal na ulap, pinadilim ang langit, Hampas ng hangin at tubig tumatalsik.

Kung ang bangka’y magkaroon ng butas, Ito’y manganganib sa karagatan malunod. Kung agad-agad ito’y hindi malulutas, Ang dalawa’y di makatiyak saan maaanod. Ang butas ay dapat agad malunasan, Pagkat ito’y lalaki kung matatagalan. Ang daloy ng tubig, pupuno sa sinasakyan, Na ang dalawa’y mawawalan ng puwang.

Sa pamamangka ay dapat pinagplanuhan, Ang ihip ng hangin at mga along haharapin. Kung kaya mong tawirin kahit padahandahan May awa ang Diyos ang siyang laging iisipin.

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