# Fault Tree Analysis

• • • • • • • • Why do we need fault tree analysis? What is it? Why do we use it? Why this matters to you How it works Bridgestone/Firestone Brief exercise Summary

What Is Fault Tree Analysis?
• A common tool using graphics and statistics to analyze an event and predict how and how often it will fail • Used in engineering and business to aid process and system development

Why Do We Use Fault Tree Analysis? • Very easy to understand • Effective way to diagram problems in a system • Helps to organize possible causes of a problem in the system .

Example Of Fault Tree .

Is Fault Tree A Tool For You? • Does your company have problems in your system or process flow? • Does your system work under the worst case scenario? • Do external forces effect your system? .

Is Fault Tree A Tool For You? Yes!! .

How Does It Work? • Uses a variety of gates and events to explain the system • Uses a top-down approach to its logic • End result is at the top of the tree and what leads to that result follows under it .

And Gate • One of main gates used • The output above will occur if the two events below both occur .

Or Gate • The second main gate used • The output above will occur if either of one or more events happens below .

Three Main Events • Primary Event • Intermediate Event • Expanded Event .

Primary Events • Made up of basic. undeveloped. and external events • A time in the event where the process or system might fail .

Basic Event • Nothing is leading up to the event • Can be like a machine breaking unexpectedly • A circle is used to represent the event in the fault tree .

Undeveloped Event • Events that don’t have a major effect on the system • Also events that there is not enough information about • Represented by a diamond in the fault tree .

External Event • Expected to happen • Not considered a fault • A house shape in a fault tree .

Intermediate Event • A combination of multiple different faults • Shown by rectangles in the fault tree • Sometimes linked by and/or gates .

Expanded Event • Complex event that needs another fault tree to explain • The fault tree for the expanded event is not directly shown in current fault tree • Shown by a triangle on the fault tree .

’s caused numerous accidents • Officially 148 deaths but estimates up to 250 • Mostly involved with the Ford Explorer .U.Bridgestone Firestone tires • Faulty tires on S.V.

Illinois Problem with Ford Explorer Customers don’t take proper care of tires .Results Of Inquiry • • • • • Four events that led to faulty tires Design problem in tread Faulty process in Decatur.

Values Of Fault Tree For Firestone • Preventing the error in the first place • After the error in the tire was found. finding all the things that caused it • Preventing similar problems from happening again .

The New Firestone • Firestone advertise that they are a changed company • Tries to get back old customers .

an undeveloped event has a major impact on the system? .Test Yourself • • • • What are the two major kinds of gates? What are the three main events? A basic event is represented by a what? True or False.

Independent. an undeveloped event has a major impact on the system? False .Test Yourself • What are the two major kinds of gates? And/Or gates • What are the three main events? Primary. and Undeveloped • A basic event is represented by a what? Circle • True or False.

Summary Of Fault Tree Analysis • • • • • An important tool Simple to use Graphics make it easy to understand Each event is displayed by a unique shape Helps to prevent and correct errors in the system .