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TOWARDS MARKETORIENTED BREEDING PROGRAMS

Eero Nissil IRRI seminar, 23.02.2012

TOWARDS MARKET-ORIENTED BREEDING PROGRAMS


Introduction: IRRI breeding programs today Target setting and breeding products Towards market oriented breeding: breeding programs, R&D teams, product pipelines

IRRI BREEDING PROGRAMS TODAY


PBGB staff / Los Banos Breeders in country offices

RS RS 33 isiting Research Fellows ost Doctoral Fellows hD student aster students 13

226

ndia hina 1

15 6 18

ambodia orea 1

anzania ozambique

3 2

IRRI BREEDING PROGRAMS TODAY


Research Groups (PBGB) Breeding Programs GRiSP Program 2 Product Lines 25 ~20 musd ~0.5 11 6 27

GRiSP Program 2 Products Annual operational budget


(PBGB + GRiSP Program 2 / 2012)

Capital budget musd


(PBGB + GRiSP Program 2 / 2012)

IRRI BREEDING PROGRAMS TODAY


rrigated ainfed lowland emperate Rice reen Super Rice ybrid Rice ide Hybridisation ubmergence / Flood tolerance
(drought)

Cross -cutting breeding processes: MET (in Philippines) Quality analyses (GQNC) Hybridisation Block Disease screening Gene validation (GTL)

TARGET SETTING AND BREEDING PRODUCTS

WHAT ARE OUR MAJOR BREEDING PRODUCTS IN THE FUTURE ?


arieties ? ermplasm, breeding lines ? raits, Trait Packages ?

Who are our customers / partners and what are their product needs ?

enes, Markers, Methods, Tools.... ?

VALUE CHAIN AND CUSTOMERS OF case: private breeding / industrial countries / BREEDING PROGRAMS
wheat, barley, oil seeds, fodder crops, etc. Breeder Seed Industry Farmer Trade Processing Industry Retail Customers of a breeding program Consumer

p up gy S ate str

SETTING TARGETS OF BREEDING PROGRAMS - SUPPLY STRATEGY vs. DEMAND STRATEGY ly


Plant Breeder Seed Compan y Farmer

Processing Industry / Consumer

Plant Breeder
d an m y De teg a str

Processing industry

Consumer

Seed Company

Farmer

Trade

C. Green, E. Nissil and V. Koskenmki. 1993.

MALTING BARLEY - TARGET VARIETY SPECIFICATION


TARGET REGIONS: VOLGA), SWEDEN, FINLAND, NORTH-GERMANY, DENMARK MUST-TRAITS: Yield: Disease resistance: 0,

RUSSIA (CBS + CENTRAL + BALTICS,

min. 10% > Annabell / Prestige / Tipple net blotch < 5 (1- 9= Prestige), mildew scald < 2 ( Quench) extract > 83.5; b-glucan < 150; < 150 / Kolbach < 47; 90, diastatic

Malting quality: proteolysis: FAN modification 5d: friability > power > 230

RANGE-TRAITS: Grain quality: Lodging resistance: Disease resistance: tsw, hlw, grading typical semi-dwarf yellow rust

WIN-TRAITS: Yield potential: Tocada Malting quality: > 10 tn / ha; yield stability +/extract > 84.0, high modification

RICE BREEDING VALUE CHAIN DRIVERS OF


Public Breeding Breeding companie s Seed companie s

CHANGE
rowing demand (food, energy, etc.) conomic growth in emerging markets rivate sector involvement ntellectual property hanges in production technology

NARS

Farmer

Trade

Processi ng Industry Consumer

WHAT ARE OUR MAJOR BREEDING PRODUCTS IN THE FUTURE ?


reeder / Foundation seeds arieties, Variety portfolios reeding lines raits, Trait Packages What will be our Core enes, DNA-sequences Product(s) - = Value Adding that we provide to our customers or partners build on our Core Competences ? NA-marker applications, possible other tools and methods

STRATEGY PROCESS OF A BREEDING PROGRAM


Customer / partner capabilities

Knowledge of customer needs, local production conditions, value chains, business models

Productcapabilities

Operationalcapabilities

Managementcapabilities

Varieties/varie ty portfolios, traits, genes , IP

Breeding teams, R&D teams, tools /methods

How: strategic, customermarket driven, innovative, team development committed

Competitive Advantage of a Program

Strategy Crystallization Added value to our customers / partners

HOW DEMAND DRIVEN IS OUR BREEDING NOW OR PUBLIC RICE BREEDING IN GENERAL ?
doption rate of varieties ? nowledge on customers and their needs ? efined target market segments ?

TOWARDS MARKET ORIENTED BREEDING


Mapping and characterising rice growing areas and quality preferences (GRiSP 5.2.3, 4.3.4) ariety Development Pipelines ross-cutting R&D teams roduct Pipelines

APPING AND CHARACTERISING RICE (GRiSP 5.2.3, 4.3.4) (ha) / AND QUALITY in a country roduction area GROWING AREAS country or region PREFERENCES FOR TARGETING IRRI rop Calendar BREEDING PROGRAMS
rop Rotation cologies - irrigated, rainfed lowland, upland, direct seeded/transplanted biotic stresses

ocus on South and South East-Asian countries in the first phase

- drought, heat, flood, salinity, nutrient deficiency iseases, Pests

RICE PRODUCTION AREA IN ASIA

IRRIGATED AND RAINFED LOWLAND RICE ECOLOGIES IN ASIA

Crop rotation

DROUGHT PRONE RICE AREAS: PHILIPPINES, VIETNAM, INDONESIA

FLOOD PRONE RICE AREAS: PHILIPPINES, VIETNAM, INDONESIA

RICE CONSUMPTION BY GRAIN QUALITY CHARACTERISTICS IN S/SE-ASIAN COUNTRIES (million t)

REORGANISING VARIETY split by: DEVELOPMENT PIPELINES


arget region ? cology ? ain target traits ? ombination of all these ? - with an aim of a best possible fit between the program needs and

VARIETY DEVELOPMENT IRRIGATED RICE PROGRAMS PIPELINES

RAINFED RICE PROGRAMS

TEMPER ATE

SPECIAL PRODUCTS

TEMPERATE RICE

RAINFED RICE SOUTH ASIA RAINFED RICE SEASIA

HYBRID RICE DIRECT SEEDED RICE IRRIGATED RICE SOUTH ASIA IRRIGATED RICE SEASIA

IRRI BREEDING HUBS FOR SOUTHEAST AND SOUTH ASIA


Pakista n Nepal Banglades h Myanmar

Hub S-A
IRRI office Hyderabad India Sri Lanka

Cambodia Vietnam

Hub SEA
IRRI- HQ Philippine s

Indonesia

CROSS-CUTTING R&D TEAMS


IRRIGATED RICE PROGRAMS Trait Discovery RAINFED RICE PROGRAMS
SPECIAL TEMPER

ATE

QTL-mapping -Gene Discovery-Gene Validation

PRODU CTS

High-Throughput Molecular Marker Applications Crossing Blocks ID-development: pedigree, SSD, others Disease / Pests screening Quality analyses Multi-location Trials Purification & Breeder seed production Breeding Data Management

PRODUCT PIPELINES
R&DTEAMS
TRAIT DISCOVERY GENE DISCOVERY MARKER APPLICATIONS
VARIETY
raits, Trait Packages enes, DNA-sequences NA-markers, applications

DEVELOPMENT

arieties, Variety portfolios reeding lines raits, Trait Packages

THE NEXT STEPS


lot of open discussion, planning, designing stablishment of breeding and R&D teams elocation of certain breeding activities for South Asia to IRRI breeding hub in Hyderabad usiness Plan development for all Product Pipelines

IRRI holds in trust the worlds largest collection of rice genetic resources: ~110,000 accessions Only few have been characterized and utilized