Submitted to Mr.

Gunjan Gupta Lecturer (Electrical)

By Rishav Majumdar VIII Sem.(Electrical)

y An overview on Nanotechnology y About Morph y Features y Sensors y Design y Power Source y Advantages y Disadvantages y References

devices. is a branch of engineering deals with the design and manufacture of extremely small electronic circuits and mechanical devices built at ³ultra molecular level´ in order to create materials.000 times thinner than a strand of human hair)  Involves imaging. and manipulating matter at this length scale  With this one can lower costs. measuring. modeling.NANOTECHNOLOGY The Next BIG thing is Really Small!  Also called µmolecular manufacturing¶. increase functionality and lower power . and systems with fundamentally new properties and functions because of their small structure between approximately 1 and 100 nanometers (100.


and increasingly functional. stronger. thinner.³HOW DO THEY DO IT´? y In the ongoing race to make phones smaller. NANOTECHNOLOGY has been considered as a boon y Nokia is already beginning to apply nanotechnologies to deliver product like Morph .

y Collective vision for the mobile device of the future²a vision that is driving Nokia¶s research efforts in nanoscience and nanotechnologies.THE CONCEPT PHONE y Morph isn¶t a product you can buy tomorrow. y Showcases some revolutionary leaps being explored by Nokia Research Center (NRC) in collaboration with the Cambridge Nanoscience Centre (United Kingdom) . but it isn¶t science fiction either.

y Intelligently bridges local and global information y A self-configuring unit that can learn its context and adapt instantly by sensing ambient elements. and your individual context presents severe challenges for sensor technologies y Efficient computing solutions to minimize power consumption y New materials and advanced fabrication methodologies have been used for making it a robust. physical objects. self-healing device that can operate for days under rough conditions .

Transparent Electronics. A nanoscale mesh of fibers controls the stretching of the device when the device is folded. Buttons on the device are real 3D forms. The surface of the Morph is superhydrophobic that makes it extremely dirt repellent. Self-cleaning.WHAT¶S NEW IN MORPH? y Sensing. Wearable Device. Nanowire grass harvests solar energy that charges up the device. The nanoscale structure of the electronics enables stretching. Nanoscale grass. It can y y y y y y y detect specific chemical compounds in the air. Wearing Morph can be a substitute for wearing a watch. . Stretchable. Nanoscale electronics becomes invisible to the human eye. Strength of Spider Silk. The surface forms its context dependent. Morph enables us to observe our local environment. Haptic Surface.

SENSORS AND SENSING EVERYWHERE y Empower users to examine the environment around them in completely new ways. from analyzing air pollution. allowing plenty of space for chemical reactions that enable robust chemical and biochemical sensing y Nanoscale chemical sensors use principles and materials common to most biological systems . y It has Nanocomponents having an immense surface area±tovolume ratio. to gaining insight into bio-chemical traces and processes y Nanoscale sensors (MICROSENSORS) with improved resolution and the stability forms the building block.


FLEXIBLE & CHANGING DESIGN y Materials and components used are flexible. and incorporate input devices such as keyboards and touch pads. transparent and remarkably strong y Fibril proteins are woven into a three dimensional mesh that reinforces thin elastic structures. stretchable. . y Using the same principle behind spider silk enabling the device to literally change shapes and configure itself to adapt to the task at hand y A folded design would fit easily in a pocket and could lend itself ergonomically to being used as a traditional handset y An unfolded larger design could display more detailed information.


antenna integration. optical effects. environmentally friendly. and touch-sensitive y So versatile that the entire surface of device available for user interface y Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanowire arrays emerge as promising building blocks for functional surface structures such as toughness. y ZnO exhibits an unusual combination of properties y Nokia is exploiting these qualities to achieve strain-based electromechanical transducers²ideal for touch-sensitive (even direction-sensitive) surfaces .STRETCHABLE & WEARABLE y A wearable and distinctly easy-to-use device y Low-cost. dirt repellency.

Scale bar = 5 micrometers Scale bar = 2 micrometers Scale bar = 1 micrometer Scale bar = 1 micrometer .

The surface of the device in fact. the entire device both touch and movement is sensitive to .

organic dye. flexible dye- sensitized solar cell (DSSC) y Presents a low-cost alternative to silicon-based photovoltaics because conventional DSSCs posed challenges related to solvent leakage and evaporation y A promising photocurrent using a novel ionic liquid gel. . and a thin film of CNTs.HARVESTING SOLAR ENERGY y Nanowire grass harvests solar energy that charges up the device y ZnO nanostructures in it play an important role in low-cost photovoltaics y A new method for making a full solid-state.

y CNTs serve both as the charge collector and as scaffolds for the growth of ZnO nanoparticles y The flexible and lightweight qualities of this film open up the possibility of a continuous roll-to-roll process for low-cost mass production of DSSCs .


and even fingerprints. wear & tear and further improving longevity y Nanostructured surfaces. y Water drops roll easily across such a surface. material. . such as ³Nanoflowers´ for this purpoes y Based on the ³LOTUS EFFECT´ in which Microscopic bumps on a lotus leaf transform its waxy surface into an extremely water repellent. or superhydrophobic. dirt. y Reducing corrosion.SELF-CLEANING SURFACE y Naturally repel water. removing any dirt.


This video will briefly illustrate the power of Nanotechnology in future telecommunication devices like MORPH .

empowering us to make better choices . longer lasting and faster to charge and hence making the phone less bulky y Helps to learn more about the environment around us.ADVANTAGES y Utilization of biodegradable materials might make production and recycling of devices easier and ecologically friendly y Low Power cost due to built-in solar absorption that might charge the device making batteries smaller.

nano particles can go unnoticed on a person s hand. This can duly be a cause of death. but the risk of inhaling this could be very dangerous. y Overpriced . This is a significant technical drawback that Nokia has to overcome before launching this concept.DISADVANTAGES y Due to the granular structure. y Lack of a reliable power source: Nokia is still searching new battery materials to power the Morph. y y http://www.REFERENCES y y http://en.wikipedia.htm .com y en.

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