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Lathe Machine

Ashikumar H. Dahat Samyak B. Godbole Likesh P. Kapse Umakant D. Katre Pratik V. Manapure Dasharath D. Meshram Aniket C. Ozarde Rajat C. Ramteke Suraj S. Sarkar Sumedh S. Somkuwar Guided By:

Lect. R. P. Badole

Lathe Machine

Introduction:
Machine tool which spins a block of material to perform various operations such as cutting, sanding , knurling, drilling or deformation with tools that are applied to the work piece to create an object which has symmetry about an axis or rotation.

Lathe Machine

Definition
Lathe is a machine, which removes the metal from a piece of work to the required shape and size.

Lathe Machine

Types of Lathe
Engine Lathe The most common form of lathe, motor driven and comes in large variety of sizes and shapes. Bench Lathe A bench top model usually of low power used to make precision machine small work pieces. Tracer Lathe a lathe that has the ability to follow a template to copy a shape or contour.

Lathe Machine
Automatic Lathe A lathe in which the work piece is automatically fed and removed without use of an operator. Cutting operations are automatically controlled by a sequencer of some form. Turret Lathe lathe which have multiple tools mounted on turret either attached to the tailstock or the cross-slide, which allows for quick changes in tooling and cutting operations. Computer Controlled Lathe A highly automated lathe, where both cutting, loading, tool changing, and part unloading are automatically controlled by computer coding.

Lathe Machine Component Description

Lathe Machine Block Diagram

Lathe Machine Lathe Operations


Turning: produce straight, conical, curved, or grooved workpieces acing: to produce a flat surface at the end of the part or for making face grooves. Boring: to enlarge a hole or cylindrical cavity made by a previous process or to produce circular internal grooves. Drilling: to produce a hole by fixing a drill in the tailstock Threading: to produce external or internal threads Knurling: to produce a regularly shaped roughness on cylindrical surfaces

Lathe Machine Lathe Operations

Lathe Machine Cutting Tools


Single point cutting tool

Lathe Machine Work Holding Devices

Fig : (a) and (b) Schematic illustrations of a draw-in-type collets. The workpiece is placed in the collet hole, and the conical surfaces of the collet are forced inward by pulling it with a draw bar into the sleeve. (c) A push-out type collet. (d) Workholding of a part on a face plate.

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Cutting Parameters

Cutting Speed
} Rate

at which point on work circumference travels past cutting tool } Always expressed in feet per minute (ft/min) or meters per minute (m/min) } Important to use correct speed for material
} }

Too high: cutting-tool breaks down rapidly Too low: time lost, low production rates

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Cutting Parameters

Depth of Cut
of chip taken by cutting tool and one-half total amount removed from workpiece in one cut } Only one roughing and one finishing cut
} Depth
}

Roughing cut should be deep as possible to reduce diameter to within .030 to .040 inch or .75 to 1 mm of size required Finishing cut should not be less than .005 inch or .125 mm

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Cutting Parameters

Depth of cut on a lathe

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Cutting Parameters

Feed Rate
eed Rate(Lathe) refers to how fast a lathe-tool should move through the material being cut. This is calculated using the Feed Per Revolution for the particular material. Lathe tools generally have only one tooth, so in most cases the FPT and FPR will be the same. Feed rates will decrease with dull tools, a lack of coolant/lubrication, or deeper cuts.

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Cutting Parameters

Machining Time
} Factors

such as spindle speed, feed and depth of cut must be considered

distance Time ! rate Where distance ! length of cut rate ! feed x RPM