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IRIS RECOGNITION SYSTEM USING STATISTICAL FEATURES FOR BIOMETRIC IDENTIFICATION

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OBJECTIVE
To design an automated personal identity authentication systems based on iris recognition. Implementation of Biometric-based personal verification and identification methods have gained much interest with an increasing emphasis on security To enhance the performance of iris recognition system by using the statistical features.

IRIS RECOGNITION
The automated personal identity authentication systems based on iris recognition are reputed to be the most reliable among all biometric methods we consider that the probability of finding two people with identical iris pattern is almost zero. The uniqueness of iris is such that even the left and right eye of the same individual is very different. That s why iris recognition technology is becoming an important biometric solution for people identification.

CONTINUES
Biometric-based personal verification and identification methods have gained much interest with an increasing emphasis on security. Iris recognition is a fast, accurate and secure biometric technique that can operate in both verification and identification.

PROBLEM STATEMENT
Existing is done using Finger printing .Finger printing is that much not flexible because we can make duplicates of fingers and bluff people. It is not that much efficient. Only the spatial domain is calculated. We will be using PCA i.e. Principal Component Analysis algorithm to find out co-variance and variance. Spatial domain is not efficient in calculating the edge parts of the image.

PREPROCESSING
RGB2GRAY Filtering Enhancement

PROPOSED SYSTEM
In the preprocessing stage, we transformed the images from RGB to gray level. to detect the part of the image that extends from inside the limbus (the border between the sclera and the iris) to the outside of the pupil. Sobel edge detector to find gradient values. Gabor filtering is also a good solution to that problem as well as a preprocessing tool for quality edge detection stage.

CONTINUES
After Edge Detection statistical features are considered in this paper for iris recognition process ex mean, median, variance and standard deviation of the circles. A pattern matching process is required after extraction process of the iris pattern. In this recognition process, distance between the feature vectors of two iris images can be computed.

STRENGTHS VS WEAKNESS

Effective feature extraction method would not be able to obtain useful information from an iris image that is not segmented properly. This identification system is quite simple requiring few components and effective enough to be integrated with in security systems that require an identity check

BLOCK DIAGRAM:
Input Eye Image Preprocessing Edge Detection

Statistical Feature Extraction

Concentric Circle

Boundary Detection

Feature Matching