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SECTION A

QUESTION 1 - 30 1 2

MARK 60

3 4 5

40

TOTAL MARKS

100

CANT IDENTIFY THE KEY WORD CANT UNDERSTAND THE KEY QUESTION CANT MEMORISE KEY ANSWER CANT DIFFERENTIATE BETWEEN OBSERVATION AND TREND NO PARAMETER FOR WTC, WTM AND WKTS CANT MAKE PREDICTION EXACTLY CANT TRANSFER STATEMENT TO TABLE

STATEMENT

DIAGRAM

SECTION B

TABLE

GRAPH

KEY WORD

OBSERVATION INFERENCE WHAT TO CHANGE WHAT TO OBSERVE WHAT KEEP THE SAME AIM / PURPOSE RELATIONSHIP / CONCLUSION TREND / PATTERN PREDICTION

OBSERVATION

State what you see in the picture, table, graph What can you say What can you observe

INFERENCE

Explain your observation. Give reason based on your observation.

Diagram shows a flowering plant in a pot. After 4 days the condition of the plant looks like as follow.

b) Based on the observation, give one reason.

Number of elephant

Years

a) What can you observe? The number of elephant decreased b) What can you infer? Because of illegal hunting.

INFERENCE

Because river A has no pollution compare to river B Because fish in river A got enough food than river B

CONTROLLING VARIABLES The things you select in a fair test / experiment eg. What to change? What to measure? What keep the same?

Answer Key

Parameter Size of the Amount of Presence of Type of

Parameter

Volume of Size of Number of

Objects

water sponge brick

Distance of toy car Temperature of water Type of Except: Time, Day, Week, Month and Year soil

1.

2.

3.

NUMBER OF BRICKS

1 2 3

WHAT TO CHANGE?

NUMBER OF BRICKS

WHAT TO OBSERVE?

PREDICTION Using the data / from past experience State what will happen next

Answer Key Study the trend / pattern changes Predict the number eg 75oC / 10 g / 6cm Predict the situation eg It will stay healthy It will be extinct

Time / minute Water temperature oC 0 30 2 40 4 50 6 60 8 70

9

10 80 12 90

Number of elephant

Years

Based on the trend, predict the number of elephant for 2007 The elephant will extinct.

INTERPRETING DATA

Write the aim / purpose of investigation State the trend of change in the data State the relationship between the variables State the conclusion for the experiment

Question Key

What is the aim / purpose of the investigation? Based on the .. state the trend in the What is the relationship between.. What conclusion can be made from this investigation?

i. Aim / purpose To find out the relationship between {what to change} and { what to measure} ii. Trend Increase : From small getting bigger or larger From lower became higher Decrease: From bigger/larger getting smaller From higher getting lower Did not change / unchanged iii. Relationship As { what to change} increase / decrease, the {what to measure} increase/ decrease iv. Conclusion As { what to change} increase / decrease, the {what to measure} increase/ decrease Science concept : Plant needs water to stay alive Light can be reflected

General statement :

As the WTC

increase / decrease

the WTM

increase / decrease

WTC The bigger the wooden block WTC The wider the base area WTC As the number of marbles increase increase

WTM the longer the rubber band WTM the longer the time taken to fall WTM the level of water

Relationship

20

30

40

50

10

15

20

What is the relationship between the number of frogs and snakes ? As the number of frogs increase, the number of snake increase.

Relationship

WTO

WTC

Rubber band

Wooden block

Conclusion

Number of marbles

Level of water / ml

12 14

increase

increase

16 18

increase

increase

To find out the relationship between To investigate the relationship between To study the relationship between To show the relationship between and

the level of water

Aim / purpose

Battery

Switch Bulb

Number of battery 1 2 3

State the aim of the investigation. To find out the relationship between number of batteries and the brightness of the bulb.

Aim / purpose

3cm 6cm

9cm 12cm

3cm 10

6cm 8

9cm 6

12cm 4

What is the aim of the investigation ? To investigate the relationship between the length of string and the number of swing.

Aim / purpose

Trend

Number of tigers

2000

Years

a. What is the trend in the number of tigers from 2000 to 2005? Decreasing

Pattern Time 12.00am 1:00 pm 2:00 pm 3:00 pm 4:00 pm 5.00 pm Length of the shadows (cm) 0 20 40 60 80 100

a. What is the trend for the length of the shadows from 12:00 noon to 5:00 pm?

Increasing

Relationship

1.0

1.5

2.0

What is the relationship between the amount of fertilizer and the height of plants ?

When / If / As the amount of fertilizer increase, the height of the plant increase.

Relationship

20

30

40

50

10

15

20

What is the relationship between the number of frogs and snakes ? When the number of frog increase, the number of snake Increase.

Conclusion

What conclusion can be made from this investigation Plants need water to stay alive

Conclusion

Time

( min)

oC

0 30

2 40

4 50

6 60

8 70

10 80

12 90

Water temperature

a. What is the conclusion of the experiment? As the time to heat the water increase, the water temperature increase

Conclusion

What can you say about this investigation? Plants need bigger space to grow well

Conclusion

What can you say about this experiment? Light travels in straight line

TECHNIQUE FOR ANSWERING STRUCTURED QUESTIONS SPS Steps 1. Read the information given Study the diagram / graph / table of result U 2. Look for the 2 main variables a. What is changed (W2C) b. What is measured ( W2M) 3. Study the trend / pattern changed Decrease Increase No change 4. Use the key words to answer each question Aim Relationship Conclusion

a) In the investigation : i. what is changed? ii. what to measured? Distance of the torch from the ball ...................................................................... The size of the shadow ......................................................................

b) What is the aim of the investigation ? the distance of the torch from the ball To find out the relationship between ............................................................. size of the shadow and the .............................................................................

b) State the relationship between the variables distance of the torch from the ball increase As the ...................................................................................., the size of the shadow decrease ............................................................................................................. c) What conclusion can be made from the investigation? distance of the torch from the ball increase When the ....................................................................................., the size of the shadow decrease ............................................................................................................

What is changed

What is measured a) In the investigation : i. what is changed? ii. What is measured?

1 dim

2 bright

3 brightest

b) What is the aim of the investigation ? number of batteries To find out the relationship between .......................................and brightness of the bulbs .........................................................................................................

What is changed

increase

What is measured

1 dim

2 bright

increase

3 brightest

b) State the relationship between the variables number of bulb increase As the .............................................. the brightness of the bulbs increase .......................................

c) What conclusion can be made from the investigation? As the number of bulb increase the brightness of the bulbs increase ........................................ .........................................

No. of marbles

+3 +3 +3

3 6 9 12

3 5 8

12

+2 +3 +4

D. Predict the length of the spring if 12 marbles are used in this investigation 12 cm .............................................................................................

grain of sugar

9.00 am

9.05 am

9.10 am

Some grain of sugar is left near the ant trail in the classroom at 9.00 The number of ant is recorded as above a. What is the aim of the investigation? To find out the relationship between time and the number of ant b. State the information gathered in the investigation Time Number of ant

c. What is the relationship the information given in (b) When the time increase the number of ant coming also increase

(W2C )

W2M

Number of tigers

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004 2005

Years

The graph above shows the number of tigers in the jungle a) State two information gathered in the investigation? Year Number of tiger b) State the relationship between the two information given in (a) As the year increase the number of tiger decrease

c) What is the trend of change in the number of tiger from 2000 to 2005? Decreasing d) State your inference (reason) for answer in ( c ) The forest has been cut down // Illegal hunting / not enough food

KELEMAHAN CALON

TIDAK FOKUS MALAS-TIDAK MENGULANG KAJI PELAJARAN TIADA DAYA USAHA CUAI KETIKA MENJAWAB SOALAN TIDAK MENYEMAK SUBJEK SAINS TENGGELAM DALAM INGATAN

NAK SCORE A, MURID MESTI MENGUASAI TEKNIK SOALAN BHG.A DAN BHG.B

KETELITIAN ANDA ADALAH PENTING BAGI MENGELAKKAN KESILAPAN 2. KERANA KESILAPAN YANG ANDA LAKUKAN ADALAH SATU PENGINAYAAN UNTUK : I. DIRI ANDA II. IBU BAPA ANDA III. GURU ANDA IV. SEKOLAH

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