Presented by


Project supervisor
K.RAVI KUMAR, M. Tech Asst.Proff & HOD Cse dept,KIET



. The top ten weapons of the future which are been described.Abstract: We went from swords to machine guns and nuclear bombs. but what are the next weapons on the horizon? New Scientist rounds up ten of the most promising technologies.

under development. trees.  Limitations: Difficulty of quickly and reliably discriminating between hostile forces and neutral or friendly parties or objects. that search and destroy enemy troops and equipment on the ground or in the air. Autonomous weapons  These are robotic vehicles. Robots may query human controllers at remote sites for the go-ahead to fire. Malfunctioning robots could fire wildly at anything. Systems that check with human controllers are vulnerable to communication failures. such as civilians. and tractors.1. without risk to friendly troops .theoretically.  How they work: Onboard computers interpret sensor data to identify and target hostile forces with built-in weapons. cows. and friendly forces may carry transponders that identify them as "friends". .

 How they work: Large mirrors focus powerful laser beams onto a small spot on the target. which destroy targets with their momentum . or igniting fuels or explosives. The heat produced burns through the surface of the target. High-energy lasers  These are powerful energy beams that travel through air or space in straight lines. disabling warheads.2. They travel at the speed of light and can strike over distances of thousands of kilometres.  Limitations: It needs much more energy to do damage than bullets. disrupting flight.

Interceptors must hit warheads to destroy them. so weapons in orbit would have the ability to see and zap anything on the ground.  Limitations: The technology is immature. The leading approach now is solid projectiles such astungsten rods that would impact missiles.  How they work: The main mission of space-based weapons would be to defend against ballistic missiles fired at targets on Earth. or nearby in space. Fleets of interceptors or battle stations would be stationed in orbit. Lasers also need chemical fuel or electrical power which is not readily available in space. Reaction times must be very fast.3. Space-based weapons  Space is the ultimate high ground. in the air. . poised to fire at any attacking missiles. which is difficult.

 Limitations: The technology is immature. a hypersonic plane would either hitch a ride on a conventional plane.  How they work: To get off the ground from a runway. Hypersonic aircraft  Launched from a standard runway. Scramjets engines can not start until the plane flies faster than the speed of sound. . That engine would carry the hypersonic craft to an altitude where air density and resistance are less. a hypersonic aircraft could fly faster than Mach 5 to strike anywhere in the world within two hours. with many engineering issues unresolved. as rockets do. It would also have enough thrust to deliver a satellite to low-Earth orbit. The scramjet scoops up air and mixes it with fuel so it burns as the mixture flows through the engine at supersonic speeds This means scramjets can achieve some of the speed of a rocket without having to carry heavy oxidiser (to mix with fuel).4. Here it would reach supersonic speeds and then shift to its scramjet engine. or have its own conventional jet engine.

which can then burn skin. Active Denial System  Millimetre-wave or microwave beams supposedly make people flee without injuring them . They might typically be powered by a generator fitted to a Humvee. . in crowd control situations. The top 0.5. causing intense pain within five seconds. earrings.  How it works:A 2-metre antenna and mobile generator produce and aim a beam of 95-gigahertz (3-millimetre) radiation.  Limitations: Serious injury is possible if people cannot escape from the beam. so people flee quickly. if they can.3 mm of skin absorbs millimetre waves. skin burns within minutes. or spectacle frames. The beam also superheats metal objects like coins.

Nuclear missiles  Nuclear missiles are able to deliver unmatched destructive power anywhere in the world. the launch site and trajectory are easy to identify. then coasts to its programmed destination where the bomb descends and explodes.which had much less destructive power .were dropped from aircraft).  Limitations:These weapons are so frighteningly destructive that they have never been used in war (the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombs .6. making them the ultimate level of military power. The rocket burns out in the upper atmosphere.  How they work: One or more nuclear warheads are mounted on a ballistic missile. Plus. . and launched vertically. inviting retaliation in kind from the target nation.

Pulses can cause muscle spasms or seizures. Darts can injure the throat. and deaths have been reported. allowing police to subdue them without lasting injury  How it works: A special gun fires darts on wires.7. These deliver a pulse of electricity that temporarily disrupts control of voluntary muscles. or genitals. people fall to the ground. Stun guns (Tasers)  Tasers disable people with bursts of high-voltage electricity. Police target body or legs to avoid vulnerable areas such as head and neck. Without muscle control.  Limitations: Tasered people may be injured when they fall to ground. . eyes.

semiconductor chips are particularly vulnerable. . E-bombs  High-power microwave pulses can knock out computers. and are hard to predict. Sensitive enemy military equipment can be shielded. electronics. induces surges of electric current in conductors.8. crippling military and civilian systems.  Limitations: The effects can depend on local conditions. Special bombs generate the most intense pulses covering large areas. and electrical power. and microwaves also disable friendly electronics within range.  How they work:A rapid increase in electromagnetic field strength during a pulse. This burns out electrical equipment .

(2) Midcourse. while the rockets firing engines makes it easy to spot. The system is very expensive to build. .  Limitations: Depends on efficiency of each layer. or layer. The initial boost phase is easiest to target. deploy. while the warhead coasts in space. and maintain. but requires extremely fast reaction times . (3) The terminal phase. as it approaches the target. test. of defence increases the chance of successful destruction of the missile. Each phase.  How it works: Multiple anti-missile systems are deployed to target ballistic missiles during different stages of the attacking missile's flight: (1) The boost phase. and. Layered missile defence  Layered missile defence offers the best chance to shoot down attacking ballistic missiles.9.

10. Expert computer hackers. . while defending friendly channels of communication.  How it works: Information warfare specifically targets communication networks and computers.  Limitations: The US relies more on computers and communications than most of their potential adversaries making the technique a potential threat to them. or spread computer viruses. Misinformation is circulated deliberately. Jammers might also block radio and television transmissions. might break into or overload military computers and networks. Information warfare  This technique interferes with the flow of information vital to enemy operations. and of limted use against low-tech opponents. Both side are also vulnerable to mis-information. called crackers.

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