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Construction and Long-Term Performance of Transportation Infrastructure Constructed Using EPS Geofoam on Soft Soil Sites in Salt Lake

Valley, Utah

S. Bartlett, D. Negussey, C. Farnsworth, A. Stuedlein

Selected Topics
Geotechnical Conditions in Salt Lake Valley Geotechnologies 100 South Street Array 3300 South Street Array State Street Array Settlement Performance of Other Geotechnologies

I-15 Great Salt Lake

I-80

I-215

Wasatch Mountains I-80

I-80

I-215 Oquirrh Mountains

I-15
I-215

I-15

Geotechnical Conditions Subsurface Profile in Salt Lake Valley


CPT Tip Resistance, kPa
0 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 30000 35000 40000

Alluvium
5

10

Bonneville Clay Pleistocene Alluvium

Depth (m)

15

20

Soft Clay (10m thick)

25

30

Cutler Clay

35

40

Geotechnical Conditions Settlement Record


12 m

1.4 m

Geotechnologies

PV Drains

2-Stage MSE Walls

Geotechnologies

Lime Cement Columns

EPS Geofoam

Geofoam Placement Areas

500 N

100 S
400 S 900 S

1300 S
State St 2100 S 3300 S

Primary Uses of Geofoam on the I-15 Project

Reduce Settlement to Protect Buried Utilities Improve Slope Stability of Embankments Rapid Construction in Time Critical Areas

EPS Density
Property ASTM Test C 578 Type XI Type I Type VIII* Type II Type IX

Nominal Density 3 (kg/m )

C303 / D 12 1622

16

20

24

32

Minimum C303 / D 11 Density 1622 3 (kg/m )

15

18

22

29

* Type VIII was used for I-15 Reconstruction

Geotechnical Instrumentation VW Pressure Cells

Geotechnical Instrumentation Magnet Extensometers

LEVEL 6

LEVEL 4

LEVEL 2

LEVEL 0

Geotechnical Instrumentation Horizontal Inclinometer

Geotechnical Instrumentation Surveying

100 South Instrumentation Array


100 South 500 N

100 S
400 S 900 S

1300 S
State St 2100 S 3300 S

100 South Array (Construction)

100 South Array (cross-section view)

100 South Array (profile view)

100 South Array (Load and Pressure Cells)

100 South Array (Vertical Strain)

100 South Array (Creep Settlment)

3300 South Instrumentation Array

3300 South

500 N

100 S
400 S 900 S

1300 S
State St 2100 S 3300 S

3300 South Array (Construction)

3300 South Geofoam Array (Cross-Sectional View)

3300 South Array (Load and Pressure Cells)

3300 South Array (Vertical Settlement / Strain)

1 % vertical strain (end of construction)

3300 South Array (Creep Settlement)

State Street Instumentation

State Street

500 N

100 S
400 S 900 S

1300 S
State St 2100 S 3300 S

State Street Construction

State Street Array

State Street Array

State Street Array (Pressure Cells Measurements)

Geotechnologies Settlement Performance

Conclusions
EPS geofoam exhibited the best overall settlement performance of the I-15 geotechnologies Compression, seating and inter-block gap closure of EPS produced about 1 percent vertical deformation during construction loading. Vertical pressure levels are in reasonable agreement with allowable design limits of about 30 kPa.

I-15 EPS embankment has undergone about 0.2 to 0.4 percent creep deformation in a 10-year post construction period.
The 10-year design criterion has been met and the 50-year design criterion of 1.5 percent total strain will most likely be met.

Questions