    

Control the breathing channels (valves) of an IC engine Connected to camshaft which is operated by crankshaft Cams push open valves at proper time & guide their closure But they are inflexible except VTEC & VVT-I Engineers could not vary timing, lift & duration of valve opening infinitely

CAMLESS ENGINES Eliminated mechanical linkages  Could provide infinite variation of valve parameters  It can make engines clean. efficient & responsive  .

The crankshaft turns camshaft which operates valves by mechanism as in figure  Spring brings back valve to initial position  Timing of engine valves depends on shape of cams  Working of conventional engines .

Conventional engine valves .

Engineers must design cams in the development stages This design compromises b/n engine power & fuel efficiency Considering this compromise automobile companies brought variable valve timing mechanisms But is effects were limited .

Camless engines overview Main sensors Engine load sensor Exhaust gas sensor Valve position sensor Engine speed sensor .

Sensors sense parameters & send signals to ECU ECU contains microprocessors with associated software This ECU controls the actuators to work according to requirements .

Actuators It is a electro-hydraulic camless valve train (ECV)  Uses elastic property of compressed hydraulic fluid which acts like a liquid spring. accelerates & decelerates the valves .

Hydraulic pendulum Involves conversion of PE to KE and back to PE with minimum energy loss  During acceleration of valves PE is converted to KE  During deceleration of valve energy of moving valve is returned to fluid  .

Detailed view of Hydraulic Pendulum .

Operation of hydraulic pendulum .



timing & duration of valve opening is varied by controlling solenoid valves This is done by ECU when signals are sent from the sensors .Lift.

Modifier Rod   Used to impart Unequal lift to the paired valves Zero motion to any valve .

Modifier Rod Operation .


Advantages Offers continuously variable & independent control of all aspects of valve motion . valve acceleration and deceleration . event of opening ECV system can control valve velocity. operation duration.lift.

EGR system is eliminated since EGR effect occurs on its own & thus reduces NOx emissions Reduction in size & weight .10 to 15 % increase Lower exhaust emissions.7 to 10 % increase Higher torque & power.Resultant Advantages Better fuel economy.

Hidden cost of microprocessor & software controls .alternator Electrohydraulic.accumulator Sophisticated electronic control required for gentle seating of valves Current solenoids cannot run at high rpms.Disadvantages Opening & closing of valves requires some powerElectromechanical.

Conclusion Even though some disadvantages are present. we can expect electrohydraulic & electromechanical valves to replace the conventional camshaft technology. .


Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful