Six Thinking Hats

Training Programme

Benefits Of The Six Thinking Hat Framework
Parallel

Adversarial Improve Exploration Save Time

Improve Creativity & Innovation Foster Collaborative Thinking

What is parallel thinking?
At any moment everyone is looking in the same direction.

So the six hats are…?  Six colors of hats for six types of thinking • Each hat identifies a type of thinking • Hats are directions of thinking  Hats help a group use parallel thinking • You can “put on” and “take off” a hat .

Uses for Six Hats  Problem solving  Strategic planning  Running meetings  Much more .

somber  Yellow: sunny. sky above . positive  Green: growth. angry  Black: serious. objective  Red: emotional. fertility  Blue: cool.Six colors…  White: neutral.

ideas & lateral thinking  Blue: control & organization of thinking . positive & speculative  Green: creativity.…and six hats  White: objective facts & figures  Red: emotions & feelings  Black: cautious & careful  Yellow: hope.

” • Everyone can and should use all the hats  A constructive form of showing off • Show off by being a better thinker • Not destructive right vs. not description • Set out to think in a certain direction • “Let’s have some black hat thinking…”  Not categories of people • Not: “He’s a black hat thinker.General hat issues  Direction. wrong argument  Use in whole or in part .

evaluate & implement action plans .Benefits of Six Thinking Hats  Provides a common language  Experience & intelligence of each person (Diversity of thought)  Use more of our brains  Helps people work against type. preference  Removal of ego (reduce confrontation)  Save time  Focus (one thing at a time)  Create.

short  Requires discipline from each person • While using it. stay in the idiom  Adds an element of play. as often as needed  Sequence can be preset or evolving  Not necessary to use every hat  Time under each hat: generally. play along  Can be used by individuals and groups .Using the hats  Use any hat.

The blue hat  Thinking about thinking  Instructions for thinking  The organization of thinking  Control of the other hats  Discipline and focus .

The blue hat role  Control of thinking & the process  Begin & end session with blue hat  Facilitator. sequence. close Focus: what should we be thinking about Asking the right questions Defining & clarifying the problem Setting the thinking tasks . session leader’s role  Choreography • • • • • open.

Open with the blue hat…  Why we are here  what we are thinking about  definition of the situation or problem  alternative definitions  what we want to achieve  where we want to end up  the background to the thinking  a plan for the sequence of hats .

…and close with the blue hat  What we have achieved  Outcome  Conclusion  Design  Solution  Next steps .

White Hat Thinking  Neutral. objective information  Facts & figures  Questions: what do we know. hunches. judgements  Removes feelings & impressions  Two tiers of facts • Believed Facts • Checked Facts . what do we need to know  Excludes opinions. what don’t we know.

reasons or basis All decisions are emotional in the end .Red Hat Thinking      Emotions & feelings Hunches. impressions Doesn’t have to be logical or consistent No justifications. intuitions.

optimism.Yellow Hat Thinking      Positive & speculative Positive thinking. opportunity Benefits Best-case scenarios Exploration .

Green Hat Thinking      New ideas. concepts. perceptions Deliberate creation of new ideas Alternatives and more alternatives New approaches to problems Creative & lateral thinking .

evidence.Black Hat Thinking       Cautious and careful Logical negative – why it won’t work Critical judgement. pessimistic view Separates logical negative from emotional Focus on errors. but not necessarily fair . conclusions Logical & truthful.

Six hats summary Blue: control & organization of thinking White: objective facts & figures Red: emotions & feelings Yellow: hope. positive & speculative Green: creativity. ideas & lateral thinking Black: cautious & careful .

Managing The Thinking Blue Hat Neutral & Objective Checked & Believed Facts Missing Information & Where To Source It Information & Data White Hat Setting The Focus Making Summaries Overviews • Conclusions Action Plans Why It May Not Work Cautions • Dangers Problems • Faults Logical Reasons Must Be Given Black Hat FOCUS Why It May Work Yellow Hat Values & Benefits (Both Known & Potential) The Good In It Logical Reasons Must Be Given Possibilities • Alternatives New Ideas • New Concepts Overcome Black Hat Problems & Reinforce Yellow Hat Values Creative Thinking Green Hat Emotions Or Hunches “At This Point” No Reasons or Justification Keep It Short Feelings & Intuition Red Hat .

Managing The Thinking Blue Hat Neutral & Objective Checked & Believed Facts Missing Information & Where To Source It Information & Data White Hat Setting The Focus Making Summaries Overviews • Conclusions Action Plans Why It May Not Work Cautions • Dangers Problems • Faults Logical Reasons Must Be Given Black Hat FOCUS Why It May Work Yellow Hat Values & Benefits (Both Known & Potential) The Good In It Logical Reasons Must Be Given Possibilities • Alternatives New Ideas • New Concepts Overcome Black Hat Problems & Reinforce Yellow Hat Values Creative Thinking Green Hat Emotions Or Hunches “At This Point” No Reasons or Justification Keep It Short Feelings & Intuition Red Hat .

Asking the right question  We can’t get the right answer if we ask the wrong question  Crucial blue hat skill  One technique: five whys .

Case Study  Students are talking while others are talking or teaching. White: State the facts • • • • Students are talking when the teacher is talking The noise distracts others so they cannot hear Students do not know what the directions are Many students get silly or off task Red: State the emotions • The teacher feels offended • Students feel frustrated when they cannot hear directions • Students who have the floor feel like others do not care •Those talking enjoy joking around and being heard .

Case study Black: State the negatives • Time is wasted • Learning is compromised • Classroom is chaotic Yellow: State the positives • • • • Everyone gets to say what is on their mind It can be fun You don’t forget what you were going to say Not just the “smart” kids get to speak .

Case Study Green: State creative ideas from seeing the problem in a new light • • • • • The teacher will be more aware of the time she “talks” The teacher will include more students Students will reflect on whether their comments are “on topic” Students will think about whether their comments interfere with others The 6 Hats chart will stay up so we can remember these ideas. • Students learned that speaking whenever they want shows a lack of self-discipline. The teacher will involve all students in the discussion.” Students now realize they make others feel foolish and unappreciated when they talk over them. • Students realize that getting a laugh compromises the learning of others. The teacher will allow for “think time. . Blue: State a summary of what was learned • • • • The teacher will limit the amount of time she uses “talking” teaching.

Creative Problem Solving .

“Traditional” CPS  Mess-finding  Data-finding  Problem-finding  Idea-finding  Solution-finding  Acceptance-finding .

Common idea-finding methods  Brainstorming  Mind Maps  Free writing  Incubation .

Six hats & problem solving  A more deliberate process than Problem Solving  Like Problem Solving. uses creativity (green hat)  Unlike PS. provides a mechanism for evaluating ideas & making decisions .

need to know  Yellow hat • Proposals & suggestions. why nots . what ifs.1  Blue hat • Organize the process  Red hat • Emotional issues & feelings  White hat • What do we know.Hypothetical problem solving program using the hats .

2  Blue hat • Focus on the areas that need new ideas  Green hat • Generate new ideas & concepts  Blue hat • Organize ideas & process for evaluation  White. yellow & green hats • Constructive thinking .Hypothetical problem solving program using the hats .

correct faults. point out risks. dangers . unusable • Challenge the alternatives  Yellow & green hats • Overcome objections.Hypothetical problem solving program using the hats . remove weaknesses. solve problems  Black hat • Further scrutiny.3  Yellow hat • Positive assessment of viable alternatives  Black hat • Screening for impossible.

4  Blue hat • Overview of achievements so far • Organize choice of route  Red hat • Express feelings about the choices  Yellow & black hats • Looking for the best alternative  Blue hat • Strategy for implementation .Hypothetical problem solving program using the hats .

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