“The Criteria for a Holy Book”

- a case for the Qur’an

by : Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail Singapore.
1

WHY CRITERIA ?
INTRODUCTION AND A BRIEF BACKGROUND

©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail

2

THE CRITERIA

CLA IMS ITS ELF T O BE FR OM GOD……….
The Book itself must make the claim, and not what people attribute to it based on whatever reasons.
©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail 3

‫‪©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail‬‬

‫و ٱللۡحق أنَ‬ ‫َ ِب َ ِ ّ زلنَلٰ ه وَ ِٱللۡحق‬ ‫َ ۡ ُ ب َ ِّ‬ ‫َ َّ‬ ‫نزل وما ٓ أ َ‬ ‫َ َ َ ‌ۗ َ َ رسلن َٰلك إ ِل‬ ‫ۡ َ ۡ‬ ‫مب َشرا وَنَذِيرا وَقُر ء ًَ۬ان‬ ‫ۡ ا‬ ‫ً۬‬ ‫ُ ِّ ً۬‬ ‫فَرقن َٰله لِتَقرأَهُ ۥ عَل َ‬ ‫ى‬ ‫َ ۡ ُ ۡ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ٱلنَّاس عَلَى مكث وَن َزلن َٰله‬ ‫َّ ۡ‬ ‫ٰ ُ ۡ ٍ۬‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ِ‬

‫4‬

“We (Allah) sent down the Qur’an in Truth, and in Truth has it descended : and We sent you but to give glad tidings and to warn (sinners). It is a Qur’an which We have divided (into parts from time to time) in order that you (O Muhammad) might recite it to men at intervals : We have revealed it by stages” (Qur’an : Bani Isra’il : 105)
©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail 5

THE CRITERIA

UNIQ UE AN D INI MITABL E……….
A Book from God must be unique so that it is distinct from other books. Thus, inimitability (not possible for any to produce another like it) is an important quality.
©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail 6

‫‪The Qur’an provides‬‬ ‫‪outstanding challenge‬‬

‫‪©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail‬‬

‫َ ٍ ِّ َّ‬ ‫ۡ‬ ‫وَإِن ڪُنتُم فِى ريۡب۬ مما‬ ‫ن َزلنَا عَل َ‬ ‫ى عَبدِنَا‬ ‫ٰ ۡ‬ ‫َّ ۡ‬ ‫فَأۡ تُوا ْ ب ِسو ٍَ۬ من مثۡ ل ِ ِۦ ل‬ ‫ِّ ه‬ ‫ُ رة ِّ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫َٱدللعُوا ْ شهَ َدَاءَكُم من‬ ‫و ۡ‬ ‫ِّ‬ ‫دُون ٱلل ّ‬ ‫ِ هِ إِن‬ ‫كُنتُم صلدِقِين‬ ‫ۡ َٰ‬ ‫َ‬

‫7‬

The Qur’an provides outstanding challenge
“And if you are in doubt as to what We have revealed from time to time to our servant, then produce a Surah like thereunto ; and call your witness or helpers (if there are any) besides Allah, if your (doubts) are true” (Surah al-Baqarah : 23)
©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail 8

The Qur’an provides a test and an outstanding challenge

©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail

‫وَما كَان هَلٰذَا ٱلۡقرۡءَان‬ ُ َُ َ َ َ ّ ‫أن يُفت َرىٰ من دُون ٱلل‬ ‫َِ ه‬ ۡ ِ ِ َ ّ ‫وَلَلكِن تَصدِيقَ ٱل‬ ‫ذِى‬ ۡ ٰ َ ِ ‫ب َۡين يَدَيۡهِ وَتَفۡصيل‬ َ َ‫ٱلكِتَلٰب ل‬ ‫ِ ريۡب فِيهِ من‬ ۡ ِ َ َ َ َ
Ust .Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail

9

The Qur’an provides a test and an outstanding challenge
“This Qur’an is not such as can be produced by other than Allah. On the contrary it is a confirmation of revelations that went before it, and a fuller explanation of the Book wherein there is no doubt from the Lord of the Universe” (Surah Yunos : 37)
©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail

Ust .Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail

10

THE CRITERIA

CO NTAINS AB SOL UTE PRINCIP LES ……….
All principles which the book contains must be absolute (not affected by time) and remain as true today as they will remain true in the future and as they had proven true in the past.
©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail 11

CO NTAINS N EIT HER DISCREP ANCY NOR IN ACCUR ACY ……….
God is perfect in His Wisdom and cannot be the author of discrepancies and/or inaccuracies.
©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail 12

The Qur’an provides the test and another outstanding challenge

©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail

َ‫أ‬ َ ‫فَل يَتَدَب َّرون‬ َ ُ ۚ‌ َ ‫ٱلۡقرۡءَان‬ ُ ‫وَلَو كَان من عند‬ ۡ ِ ِ ۡ َِ َ ّ ‫غَيرِ ٱلل‬ ۡ ِ‫ه‬ َ ‫لَوَجدُوا ْ فِيهِ ٱختِل‬ ‫ۡ لٰفا‬ ً۬ َ ‫ڪَثِيرا‬ ً۬

13

The Qur’an provides the test and another outstanding challenge

“Do they not consider the Qur’an with care ? Had it been from other than Allah, they would surely have found therein much discrepancy” (Surah An- Nisa’ : 82)

©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail

14

THE CRITERIA

CO NTRIB UTE S T O TH E WELL-BEI NG OF PE OPLE OF ALL LEVE LS……….
Unlike other books which appeal to or benefit only certain classes of people according to their intellectual levels, the Book of God is meant for all classes of people. Only God’s Wisdom is capable of producing such a Book.
©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail

15

THE CRITERIA

SO ME P ROPHECIE S PR OVEN TR UE ……….
Proof of God’s knowledge is in the truth of His prophecies. Although there are many which have not yet come to pass, still there must be some prophecies which can validate this unique attribute of God in the Book.
©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail 16

‫‪‬‬

‫‪VICTORY OVER MAKKAH‬‬

‫‪©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail‬‬

‫َّ‬ ‫َّ‬ ‫لقد صدَقَ ٱلله رسول َه ٱلرءيَا‪‬‬ ‫ُ َ ُ ُ ُّ ۡ‬ ‫َ ۡ َ‬ ‫ب ۡ َ ِ ‌ ۡ ُ َّ‬ ‫ِٱللحق‌ّۖ لَتَدخل ُن ٱلۡمسۡجد‬ ‫ِ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َّ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ٱلحرام إِن شآءَ ٱلله ءَامنِين‬ ‫ۡ َ َ َ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ِ َ‬ ‫َ َ‬ ‫محل ِّقين رءُوسكُمۡ وَمقصرِين ل‬ ‫ُ َ ِّ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ُ َ ِ َ ُ‬ ‫ت َخافُون‌ۖ فَعَل ِم ما لَمۡ تَعل َمواْ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ۡ ُ‬ ‫َ َ‬ ‫ِ ذ َ‬ ‫فَجعَل من دُون َٲلل ِك فَتۡحا‬ ‫ً۬‬ ‫َ َ ِ‬

‫71‬

VICTORY OVER MAKKAH
“Truly did Allah fulfil the vision for His Messenger: Ye shall enter the Sacred Mosque, if Allah wills, with minds secure, heads, shaved, hair cut short, and without fear. For He knew what ye knew not and He granted besides this a speedy victory. It is He who has sent His Messenger with Guidance and the Religion of Truth, to proclaim it over all religion: and enough is Allah for a Witness.” (Qur’an: Surah Fath: 48: 27-28)

©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail

18

VICTORY OVER MAKKAH revealed when Muslims were a disregarded group, oppressed and weak, living in Madinah after being forced to migrate there, and then had faced several invasions by the Quraish. Yet the prophecy came of his imminent conquest and victory.

©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail

19

‫‪ GREEK (RUM) VICTORY OVER‬‬

‫‪THE PERSIAN‬‬

‫‪©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail‬‬

‫ال ٓم غُلِب َت ٱل ُّ‬ ‫ِ روم فِى‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫َ ٓ‬ ‫ٓ‬ ‫أدنى ٱلأ َ‬ ‫ۡ رض وَهُم من‬ ‫ِّ ۢ‬ ‫ۡ‬ ‫َۡ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫بَعدِ غَلَبِهِمۡ سيَغۡلِبُون فِى‬ ‫ۡ‬ ‫َ َ‬ ‫ََ‬ ‫بِضۡع سنِين‌ۗ لِل ّهِ ٱلأمۡر من‬ ‫ۡ ُ ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ َ‬

‫02‬

 GREEK (RUM) VICTORY OVER

THE PERSIAN

“Alif Lam Mim. The Roman Empire has been defeated― In a land close by; but they, (even) after (this) defeat of theirs, will soon be victorious. Within a few years. With Allah is the Decision, in the Past and in the Future: on that Day shall the Believers rejoice―”
©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail 21

 GREEK (RUM) VICTORY OVER

THE PERSIAN although this verse came just after news of their defeat by the Persian.

©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail

22

‫‪ ABU LAHAB’S FINAL END‬‬

‫‪©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail‬‬

‫تَبَّت يَدَا أَبِى ل َ‬ ‫هَب‬ ‫ٍ۬‬ ‫ۡ‬ ‫وتب ما ٓ أ َ‬ ‫َ َ َّ َ غنَى عَنۡه‬ ‫ۡ ٰ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫مال ُه ۥ وَما ڪَسب‬ ‫َ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ ُ‬ ‫سيَصلَىٰ نَارا ذَات لَهَب۬‬ ‫ً۬‬ ‫َ ۡ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫َٱمللۡرأَت ُه ۥ حمال َ‬ ‫و َ ُ َ َّ ة‬ ‫َ‬

‫32‬

 ABU LAHAB’S FINAL END
“Perish the hands of Abu Lahab (the Father of Flame)! Perish he! No profit to him from all his wealth, and all his gains! Burnt soon will he be in a Fire of blazing Flame! His wife shall carry the (crackling) wood ―as fuel!― A twisted rope of palm-leaf fibre round her (own) neck!”

©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail

24

 ABU LAHAB’S FINAL END

Even after this verse, he lived for another 10 years but finally died as an unbeliever, true to the prophecy.
©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail 25

THE CRITERIA

SCIE NTI FIC RESE ARCH VALID ATES D ATA I N TH E B OOK…… ….
Any scientific fact mentioned in the Book should be able to stand the test of time and scientific research.
©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail 26

An important qualification:

 Our understanding of empirical science and human discovery in nature is that of the inevitable outcome of man’s reflection of God’s signs (aayat) In the universe, and would not lead to any definitive contradiction in terms of scientific facts.
©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail 27

An important qualification:

Yet, science being relative and therefore cannot claim to have absolute certainty, is therefore inadequate to be used as definitive criteria.

©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail

28

An important qualification:

 But, in the case of the Qur’an, what we can show is that, as man discover new things in nature, it would not make the statements in the Qur’an redundant, but rather only enhances mankind’s understanding of them.
©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail 29

‫..‪The Qur’an even prophesizes this‬‬

‫‪©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail‬‬

‫سنُرِيهِمۡ ءَاي َٰلتِنَا فِى‬ ‫ََ‬ ‫ٱلأفَاق وفى أنَ‬ ‫ِ َ ِ ٓ فسہِم‬ ‫ُ ِ ۡ‬ ‫ۡ‬ ‫حتَى يتبي َن لَهم أنَ‬ ‫َ ّ ٰ َ َ َ ّ َ ُ ۡ َّ‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ٱلحق‌‌ُۗ أ َ‬ ‫ۡ َ ّ وَل َ‬ ‫م يَكۡف‬ ‫ۡ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫بربك أنَ‬ ‫ِ َ ِّ َ َّه ۥ عَلَى ك ُلّ‬ ‫ٰ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ِ‬

‫03‬

The Qur’an even prophesizes this..
“In time We shall make them fully understand Our messages [through what they perceive] in the utmost horizons [of the universe] and within themselves, so that it will become clear unto them that this [revelation] is indeed the truth. [Still] is it not enough [for them to know] that thy Sustainer is witness unto everything?” (Qur’an: Fussilat: 41: 53)
©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail 31

References :
“The Bible, the Qur’an and Modern Science” by Dr. Maurice Bucaille  “The Developing Human” by Dr. Keith L Moore (with Islamic additions)  “The Basis for a Muslim Belief” by Gary Miller

©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail

32

Western preformation theory
notice the preformed shape of a foetus

Seventeenth century drawing by Hartsoeker of a sperm (circa 1600)
©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail 33

‫‪©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail‬‬

‫ث ُم جعَلن َٰله نُطفة فِى قَرار‬ ‫َ ٍ۬‬ ‫َّ َ ۡ ُ ۡ َ ً۬‬ ‫َّ‬ ‫ٍ۬‬ ‫مكِين‬ ‫ث ُم خلَقنَا ٱلنُّطفة عَل َقة‬ ‫َ ً۬‬ ‫َّ َ ۡ‬ ‫ۡ َ َ‬ ‫فَخلَقنَا ٱلعَل َقة مضغَة‬ ‫ۡ َ َ ُ ۡ ً۬‬ ‫َ ۡ‬ ‫فَخلَقنَا ٱلۡمضغَة عظَلما‬ ‫ُ ۡ َ ِ ٰ ً۬‬ ‫َ ۡ‬ ‫فَك َسونَا ٱلعِظَلم لَحما‬ ‫ٰ َ ۡ ً۬‬ ‫ۡ‬ ‫َ ۡ‬ ‫ث ُم أنَ‬ ‫َ شأن َٰله خلقا ءَاخر‬ ‫َ ‌ۚ‬ ‫َۡ ً‬ ‫َ ۡ‬
‫43‬

“We (Allah) created man from a quintessence (gentle extraction) of clay; We then placed him as a drop (nutfah) in a place of rest firmly fixed; then We made the drop into an “alaqah” (leech-like); and then We change the “alaqah” into “mudghah” (chewed-like substance); then We made out of that “mudghah” bones (‘izam); then We clothed the bones with flesh (‘lahm); then We developed out of it another creation. So blessed be Allah, the best to create.” (Q : al- Mu’minun : 23:12-15)
©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail 35

What did the Prophet say ?
“When forty-two nights have passed over the Nutfah (i.e. the zygote) Allah sends an angel to it, who shapes it and make its ears, skin, flesh and bones. Then the angel says ‘O Lord ! Is it male or female ?’ And your Lord decide what He wishes and then the angel records it.”

(Hadith reported by Muslim in Kitab al-Qadr)

©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail

36

Admission of a modern professor of Embryology, Keith L Moore.
“It appears that Human knowledge had, at one time contradicted some of the facts brought by Islam on some aspects of reproduction. It is also realised that as man discovers new facts, he finds himself repeating what had already been stated by the Qur’an and the Hadith.”

©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail

37

THE CRITERIA

MUST REMAIN PRES ER VED AND NO T B E T AM PERED WIT H……….
A claim of a Book from God must be on the basis of its original writing. Not something which has been doctored with or edited, with the intention of giving it credibility, based on newly discovered knowledge.
©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail 38

‫إِنَّا نَحن ن َزلنَا ٱلذّ‬ ‫ۡ ُ َّ ۡ‬ ‫ِكۡر‬ ‫َ‬ ‫وَإِنَّا ل َه ۥ ل َحلفظ ُ‬ ‫َ ٰ ِ ون‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ُ‬
‫)9 : ‪(Surah al- Hijr‬‬

‫‪©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail‬‬

‫93‬

“We (Allah) have, without doubt, send down the Message (Al-Qur’an) And We will assuredly guard it (from corruption)” (Surah al- Hijr : 9)

©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail

40

History of its preservation
Prophetic Era 13AH - 10AH
Revela tio n to Prophet Mu hamma d me mo rise d D icta te d R ecorded C oll ated C ounterchecked
41

* * * * *

©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail

History of its preservation
1st Mushaf 12AH
Battle of Yamamah * original materials which have been recorded by the Prophet’s scribe were sorted out, checked and bound into a single Book.

©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail

42

History of its preservation
Mushaf Uthmani 30AH
Expansion of Islam • Uthman’s recension 7 official copies made from the 1st Mushaf – these sent to all Islamic centres accompanied by a Reciter (muqri’) • (extant copies of these are available even to this day)
43

©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail

History of its preservation
Diacretial marking 65AH
Qira’atil Qur’an * inclusion of markings to the script conforming with Prophet’s recitation, and to facilitate non-Arab learning recitation

(S cience) Ilmu-

©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail

44

History of its preservation
MUSHAF FUAD 1342AH
From Mushaf Uthmani, text compiled at ALAZHAR with one of the original manner of Recitation which has been preserved - from HAFASH.
Ust .Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail
45

©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail

History of its preservation
Hafash ‘Asim ibn Abin Nujud Abi Abdur Rahman Abd ibn Habib as-Sulaimi

‘Ali Abi Talib

Uthman ‘Affan Ka’ab

Zaid Tsabit

Ubay

Holy Prophet Muhammad s.a.w.
©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail 46

History of its preservation
MUSHAF MADINAH
1403AH (1980)

Commissioned by Saudi King, text using the Rasm’ Uthmani following strictly the spelling, letter for letter, identical to Mushaf Uthmani.
47

©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail

THE CRITERIA

MUST S PE AK AB OUT GOD AN D HI S DIVINE PLAN
If God sends a Book to us, it must be to inform us about Himself and His Divine Plan.
©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail 48

THE CRITERIA

UNIVERSAL APPE AL AN D APP LICATI ON …
Whatever the message of the Book, it must remain relevant throughout the ages from the time of its revelation.
©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail 49

“CONCLUSION”: If a Book …..
 

 

claims to be from God; And which could not be produced by any who tries; And contains absolute principles; And does not contain discrepancies; And has contributed to the well-being of mankind at all levels;

 

©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail

And can be shown that some of its prophecies were proven true; And some of its data compatible with scientific research; And the whole book still remains in its original text (language); And speaks of God and His plan; And has universal 50

“CONCLUSION”: If a Book …..
 And can be shown claims to be from God; that some of its prophecies were  And which could not proven true; be produced by any  And some of its who tries; WH AT MU ST BEcompatible data TH E  And contains with R absolute principles;DICT Oscientific VER research;  And does not  ON?.. ... contain CO NCLU SIAnd the whole book still remains in its discrepancies; original text  And has contributed (language); to the well-being of  And speaks of God mankind at and His plan; all levels; ©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail  And has universal 51 

Then, most certainly, it must have come from God
No other conclusion is plausible….!
©2006ZhulkefleeHjIsmail 52

VISIT:
http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ (A ll rig ht s r eser ved ©2 005 Zhu lk efle e H j Is mai l)

Also other sites by same author: http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/

53

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful