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Spray Polyurethane Foam (SPF) Insulation

A two component mixture comes together at the tip of a gun, and forms an expanding foam that is sprayed onto concrete slabs, into wall cavities of an unfinished wall, against the interior side of sheathing, or through holes drilled in sheathing or drywall into the wall cavity of a finished wall.

sometimes also called Foamed-In-Place Insulation

Rigid panels/Insulation
Rigid panel insulation is made from fibrous materials (fiberglass, rock and slag wool) or from plastic foam. They are sometimes sold in sections designed to fit tightly in standard wall cavities.

Insulated Concrete Forms

ICFs are hollow, lightweight "stay in place" forms made of two Expanded Polystyrene (EPS) panels which are connected by polypropylene webs. During construction, the forms are stacked to the desired height then filled with concrete making stable, durable and sustainable walls.

Structural insulated panels

Structural insulated panels (SIPs), also called stressedskin walls, use the same concept as in foam-core external doors, but extend the concept to the entire house. They can be used for ceilings, floors, walls, and roofs. The panels usually consist of plywood, OSB, sandwiched around a core of expanded polystyrene, polyurethane, polyisocyanurate, compressed wheat straw, or epoxy.

Oriented strand board, (OSB) or Sterling board (UK), is an engineered wood product formed by layering strands (flakes) of wood in specific orientations.

Blanket Insulation made from fibrous materials like mineral wool, wood fiber, cotton fiber or animal hair and manufactured to form a mat with thickness of 4 .

Some installed with vinyl cardboard or wire mesh and is stapled to sides and edges of studs and joists.

Batt Insulation
Batts are precut, whereas blankets are available in continuous rolls.

Components of Batt and Blanket Insulation

Fiberglass is a material made from extremely fine fibers of glass. Made from molten glass, usually with 20% to 30% recycled industrial waste and post-consumer content. Rock and slag wool. Usually made from rock (basalt, diabase) or iron ore blast furnace slag. Some rock wool contains recycled glass. Nonflammable.

Rock and slag wool

Corrugated Insulation
from paper formed into shapes that produced enclosed air pockets into small regular semi circular corrugations and covering both sides with sheet of flat paper to give strength and produce the air pockets.

Reflective Insulation
Consists of 2 layers of 99% aluminum foil laminated to the outsides of 2 sheets of heavy-duty polyethylene air-bubble cushioning.