PRESENTATION ON SPEECH COMPRESSION

 Submitted to:

 Submitted by-

Prof. RAHUL

RITIKA SINHA
CSE 4TH YR

3/10/12

CONTENTS § § § § § § § § DEFINITION OF SPEECH COMPRESSION ITS APPLICATION ADAPTIVE PREDICTING CODING LINEAR PREDICTING CODING LPC APPLICATIONS CODE EXCITED LINEAR PREDICTION CELP ENCODER PERCEPTUAL CODING 3/10/12 .

SPEECH COMPRESSION q It aims at producing a compact representation of speech sounds. q q 3/10/12 q It is . Digital speech signals used to be sampled at a rate of 8000 samples/sec. a lossy compression technique. This sound when perceived is close to the original sound.

q 3/10/12 .many users share the same frequency bandwidth where the compression allow more users to share the system.APPLICATIONS q Digital cellular technology-In this. Digital voice storage— eg.Answering machine where compression allow longer messages to be stored.

3/10/12 .  Predictor Speech signal is divided into fixed time segments.Prevailing characterstics are determined. coefficients continuosly changes.ADAPTIVE PREDICTING CODING  Predictor coefficients can be made adaptive and can achieve higher levels of compression bt increases the complexity.

q Digital method for encoding an analog signal in which a particular value is predicted by a linear function of the past values of the signal. q The generated speech sounds synthetic but it produces very high level of compression.LINEAR PREDICTING CODING q This is a less expensive technique. q Features which determine the perception of signal 3/10/12 are— .

q The algorithm in this involves analysis or encoding part and synthesis or decoding part of the signal. Loudness-amount of energy in the signal. 3/10/12 . Origin of the sound-voice sound and sound. unvoiced q There is an information loss in linear predictive coding so it is a lossy form of compression.

In this the speech has to be generated from text. speech synthesis. q A second area in which it is used is in text to 3/10/12 . Secure telephone systems have a goal of decreasing the bit rate as much as possible while maintaining the speech quality.LPC APPLICATIONS q In the area of secure telephony because of low bit rate.

q More applications of lpc and other speech compression schemes are voice mail systems. 3/10/12 . q Lpc is a favorable method of speech compression for multimedia applications since it provide the smallest storage space as a result of its low bit rate.telephone answering machine and other multimedia applications.

q The modelling is divided into two stages. q Celp coding is used in the gsm standard . 3/10/12 .CODE EXCITED LINEAR PREDICTION q A technique whose primary goal is to efficiently encode the residue signal. q It improves speech quality over linear predictive coding.

q OTHER SPEECH CODING ALGORITHM ARE ACELP. ü CODE-BOOK BASED MODEL OF THE RESIDUAL OF THE LINEAR PREDICTIVE MODEL.LD-CELP AND VSELP.RCELP. 3/10/12 .ü A LINEAR PREDICTIVE STAGE THAT MODELS THE SPECTRAL ENVELOPE.

CELP ENCODER q The main principle behind celp is called analysis by synthesis means the encoding is performed by optimizing the decoded signal in a closed loop.Complexity is beyond current availaible hardware & the best sounding selection criterion implies a human listener. 3/10/12 . q This is not in practise for two reasons-the reqd.

. q In this.PERCEPTUAL CODING q Compression of general audio associated with digital television broadcast a different set of algorithm is perceptual coding. q Its role is to exploit a number of the limitations of the human ear.sampled segments of the source audio waveform are analyzed to a celp coders & only those features that are 3/10/12 perceptible to the ear are transmitted.

q Two important effects influenced preceptual coding areü Frequency masking—when multiple signal are present. 3/10/12 . It takes a short but finite time before it can hear a quieter sound. a strong signal may reduce the level of sensitivity of the ear to other signals which are near to it in frequency. ü Temporal masking—when the ear hears a loud sound.

3/10/12 ..THANK YOU….

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