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INTRODUCTION SKIN MATERIALS DEVICES SIGNAL PROCESSING ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES APPLICATION CONCLUSION
INTRODUCTION What is sensitive skin? It is a large area flexible array of sensors. It make possible the use of unsupervised machine in our midst. with the ability to sense the surroundings. . with data processing capabilities.
INTRODUCTION Machines in unstructured environments Societal needs and concerns a) Health industry b) Eco friendly c) Difficulties of acceptance .
SYSTEM COCEPT FIG: Sketch of interconnects between sensors. intelligence and actuators .
RESEARCH ISSUES Skin Materials Sensing Devices Signal and Data Processing Applications .
shrink and wrinkle Novel wire materials .SKIN MATERIALS Hold embedded sensors Flexible Stretch.
Stretching and bending make the substrate thin or place interconnects at neutral plane .Substrate / interconnect issues 1.
MODELS Three different models of substrate / interconnect system evolved: 1. Soccer ball model 3. Panty hose model . Saran wrap model 2.
Adding Sensors To Substrate 1.Hybrid Approach .
Integrated Approach In here circuits are directly on the substrate . .2. This method avoids the high cost and reliability issues of hybrid assembly.
Distributed Intelligence Approach A network of optical fiber are used to sense the properties .3.
Smaller array 5.Measure distance to objects 7.Studies in h/w architecture 8. Self sensing ability 6.Devices For Sensitive Skin 1.Unique properties .Flexible or deformable 2.Deployed 2-D array 4.Power storage 3.
Area Electronics 1.Large . OTFT .Organic electronics and optoelectronics on flexible substrates.
3. Thin Film MEMS Thin film micro electromechanical (MEMS) devices on plastic substrate demonstrate that mechanical sensors can be built on flexible substrate . Nanostructures Ultra large area ICs embedded into electrotextiles .2.
Manufacturing Of Large Area Sensitive Skin Printing techniques 1.Nanoimprinting .Laser Writing 3.Direct Printing 2.
Direct Printing .
Laser Writing .
Electronic circuit patterns are formed 2.Move the receiving substrate 1 beam dia.LASER WRITING Laser writing is combined with MAPLE process: 1.Assemble to get desired pattern . 3.
Nanoimprinting Principle A thickness is created which is transferred through resist layer via on O2 plasma based etching process. Fig shows a nanoimprint lithography (NIL) .
SIGNAL PROCESSING Fault Tolerance Data Reduction Data Processing .
Friendly to environment .ADVANTAGES Reversal of negative impacts of machines Reduction in weight and thickness Can be rolled FIR AND IIR filters conserves the battery power.
.DISADVANTAGES Skin be able to conform to arbitrary shapes. bend and stretch Properties of fusion vary when components fail or repaired. Able to flex.
Sensitive skin for machines 3.APPLICATIONS 1.Actuated sensitive skin .Human skin or Wearable skin 2.Environmental sensitive skin 4.
FUTURE SCOPE Develop new inexpensive consumer electronics Displays. mine detection . printers Store and information Ranging from medicine and biology to machine industry and defense space exploration.
It is an enabling technology with far reaching application The state of art in the areas that are basic to the development of skin technology shows that highly efficient devices are feasible. and are not yet ready for commercialization. All this non withstanding the fact that the existing prototypes are clumsy. . unpredictable surroundings. It will make the machine cautious and eco friendly. have low resolution.CONCLUSION Sensitive skin will make it possible to have unsupervised machinery in unstructured. accuracy and reliability.