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ASSALAMUALAIKUM

&
VERY GOOD MORNING
ARE YOU READY TO START
OUR CLASS…?
DEMONSTRATION
ARCHI ME DES’
PRI NCI PL E
A B C
What is
buoy ant
forc e?
Buoyant force
• It is the upward force resulting from an object
being wholly or partially immersed in a liquid.

• The buoyant force acting on an object


depends on:
a) the volume of the object
- larger object, displace larger
volume of water thus experiencing
a larger buoyant force.
b) The density of the liquids
- the higher the density of liquid,
the larger the buoyant force.
beaker

- OBJECT

water
beaker beaker

water water

Buoyant > weight of Buoyant < weight of Buoyant = weight of


force object force object force object

Object moves to the Object floats or remains


Object sinks to the
surface of the water stationary in the water
bottom
VIDEO
Archimedes’
principle
• State that for a body
immersed wholly or partially
in a fluid, the upward
buoyant force acting on the
body is equal to the weight
of the fluid it displaces
25N
• initial weight = 25N

• object is inserted into


a beaker
15N
• final weight = 15N

• loss in weight of the


Weight of object = 25 - 15N
water = 10N
displaced
• Loss in buoyant
weight = force
• Object is inserted into a
beaker

• water that is displaced


by the object will flow
out the side mouth and
is collected in a small
beaker

• The weight buoyant


of water = force
displaced
• Weight of object in air = W1
• Weight of object in water = W2
• Buoyant force on the object
= W1- W2
• Weight of empty beaker = m1g
• Weight of beaker and water displaced =
m2g
• Weight of water displaced = (m2-m1)g
• FINDING : W1 – W2 = (m2 – m1)g
A Freely floating object
APPLICATIONS
OF
ARCHIMEDES’
PRINCIPLE
SUBMARINE
ballast tank – to control its position
and depth from the
surface of the sea.
water is pumped into
the balancing tank it will
increase the weight of
submarine.
The submarine will sink
The weight > buoyant force

When water is remove from


the balancing tank
The submarine will float
The weight < buoyant force
ACTIVITY

• Divide into 6 group


• 7 person per group

TIME : 5 Minutes
HOT AIR BALLON
Buoyant force

• Archimedes’ principle is
applicable to the operation
of the hot air balloon or gas
balloon.

balloons are filled with hot air


which has a lower density than
cold air.

A hot air balloon floats and


rises upwards because the
buoyant force acting on it.
weight
Buoyant force > weight
SHIP
• A ship can stay a
float by displacing
the weight of sea
water equal to its
own weight

• The ship would


sink to a certain
level until its
weight is equal to
the buoyant force

Buoyancy weight
force
Buo yant > wei gh t of
fo rce o bj ect
BUOYANT Object moves to the
FORCE surface of the water

Buoy ant < weig ht of


for ce o bje ct
Object sinks to
the bottom
Buoy ant = weig ht of
for ce o bj ec t
Object floats or remains
stationary in the water
ARCHIMEDES’
PRINCIPLE BUOYANT FORCE = LOSS IN WEIGHT
BUOYANT FORCE = WEIGHT OF FLUID
DISPLACED

Ship
Submarines
APPLICATION Hot air balloons
HOMEWORK

• Do exercise page 99, questions


1 to 5 in the exercise book.
Submit at next class.
THANK YOU