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Train the Trainer

Adult Learning Principles

and Facilitation

Characteristics of Adult Learners


Self-directing Experience becomes foundation and resource in learning Readiness to learn oriented to developmental tasks of social roles Need to see immediate application of knowledge Internal motivators

Assumptions about Adult Learners


1.

2. 3.

4.

5.

Adults need to know why, what, and how they will learn Adults need to learn experientially Adults approach learning as problemsolving Adults learn best when the topic is of immediate value. Adults view learning as an active process in the construction of meaning

Laws of Learning

Doing Effect Exercise Primacy

How we Learn-Auditory, Visual, Kinesthetic


We learn: We Remember:

1% through taste 1.5% through touch 3.5% through smell 11% through hearing 83% through sight

10% of what we read 20% of what we hear 30% of what we see 50% of what we see and hear 80% of what we say

90% of what we say as we act

9 Principles of Adult Learning


R Recency

A
M P 2

Appropriateness
Motivation Primacy 2 way communication

F
A M E

Feedback
Active Learning Multi-sense learning Exercise

Methods of Instruction
Telling

70% recall 3 hrs 10% recall 3 days 72% recall 3 hrs 20% recall 3 days 85% recall 3 hrs 65% recall 3 days

Showing

Show & Tell


Adult Learners

are goal-oriented and opportunity driven


Use their experience to help out their learning Learn best in informal, pleasant environments

Our Role as Trainers


Expert Transmits information about a subject to an audience
Planner Designs or plans the learning experience or the learning environment

Our Role as Trainers


Instructor Guides or directs the learning situation often telling the student what to do Facilitator Responds to the student's needs and lends guidance and support

Our Role as Trainers


Resource Person Provides materials and information to the students Model Role Models or influences behavior and values Co-Learner Learns along side the student. Mutually plans the learning goals

Effective Facilitation

Establish a comfortable learning environment


Develop and manage participation Deliver a clear and concise message Elicit feedback

Resources:
Name of Web Page
Seven Characteristics of Highly Effective Adult Learning Programs Teaching Adults: Is it Different? The Skillful use of questions in teaching adults Learning to Learn Site

URL
http://www.newhorizons.org/article_billington1. html http://www.ericacve.org/docs/teac-adu.htm http://www.joshhunt.com/question.html http://snow.utoronto.ca/Learn2/introll.html

Teaching Tips Index


On line training manual Adult Learning Principles

http://www.hcc.hawaii.edu/intranet/committees/ FacDevCom/guidebk/teachtip/teachtip.htm
http://www.queensu.ca/idc/trainers/index.html http://www.sfx.adl.catholic.edu.au/adult_learnin g_principles.htm

Using Adult Learning Principles in http://ericacve.org/docs/pab00008.htm Adult Basic and Literacy Education Adult Learning Online http://www.agt.net/public/tddewar/oned2.html

Resources: Evidence-Based
Name of Web Page MedlinePlus Guide to Healthy Web Surfing

URL
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/healthyweb surfing.html

Evidence-Based Education Guidelines HealthLinks University of Washington Searching Cinahl: Nursing and Allied Health
Welcome to Evidence-Based Practice: An Interprofessional Tutorial NGC-National Guideline Clearinghouse

http://www.ons.org/nursingEd/documents/p dfs/guidelines.pdf http://healthlinks.washington.edu/howto/ci nal

http://www.biomed.lib.umn.edu/learn/ebp/

http://www.guidelines.gov/

Lets Practice!