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SHORT STORY ELEMENTS There are five elements. Conflict. Theme 5. Falling Action.the same five are found all fiction. Rising Action. 1. Plot (Exposition. and Resolution) 2. Point of View Flocabulary (Listen for an awesome song about the five story elements) . Setting 3. Character 4.
WHAT WE WILL LEARN TODAY: LEARNING TARGET • Identify elements of a short story • Define elements of a short story • Demonstrate mastery of short story elements .
.SETTING • Setting is the time and place of action. but it can also create a mood/atmosphere • Mood/Atmosphere – the feeling created in the reader by a literary work or passage.
PLOT • We know the five elements of plot. Look back at your previous notes for more explanation. .
progress Man vs. Nature Man vs. technology.CONFLICT • A struggle between two opposing forces Types Internal – takes place in a character’s own mind Man vs. Man Man vs. Him(Her)self External – a character struggles against an outside force Man vs. Supernatural . Society Man vs.
CHARACTER • Flat/Round Characters: A flat character is one.sided and often stereotypical. A round character is fully developed and exhibits many traits. .often both faults and virtues. A static character is one who does not change. • Dynamic/Static characters: A dynamic character is one who changes or grows during the course of the work.
The main character in a literary work.A character or a force in conflict with the major character. .CHARACTER CONTINUED • Antagonist. Types of Antagonists: people nature society • Protagonist.
WHICH ONE IS THE PROTAGONIST? .
a message about life that is expressed regularly in many different cultures and time periods. . • Stated.a recurring theme.expressed directly by the author. • Universal Theme.THEME • Theme may be stated or implied. • Implied.suggested or stated indirectly through what happens to a character.
a narrator who knows everything that happens.the narrator only reveals the thoughts and feelings of a single character.I. Or it may be limited. they etc. and reveals what each character thinks or feels.POINT OF VIEW • First person. The third person narrator may be omniscient.he. . she. me • Third person.
the author suggests certain plot developments that might come later in the story.LITERARY DEVICES • Flashback (Already have in your notes) • Foreshadowing. (There are different types that we will discuss later) .the contrast between an actual outcome and what the reader or character expects. • Irony.
person. . but they are also a symbol of our justice system.An object. Example: Scales function is to weigh things. or event that functions as itself.LITERARY DEVICES SYMBOLISM SCALE • • . but also stands for something more than itself.
a place.ALLUSION THE LIGHTNING THIEF REFERRED OR ALLUDED TO GREEK MYTHOLOGY • • • • • • • Reference to a statement. or events from: Literature History Religion Mythology Politics Sports . person.
Touch Taste Sight Sound Smell .IMAGERY PA I N T A P I C T U R E I N THE READER’S MIND YOU ARE AN ARTIST! Language that appeals to the senses.
INFERENCE • When you make inferences. use details that the author provides as clues. you look at the information the author provides to make logical assumptions about what the author leaves unstated. To make inferences. .
it has lots of ups and downs. Simile – comparing two unlike things using like or as. “I wandered lonely as a cloud” Metaphor – comparing two unlike things (not using like or as) Life is a roller coaster. .FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE • Involves some imaginative comparison between two unlike things.
FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE • Personification – Giving human qualities to non-human things. Example: “The wind howled” .