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America Enters the World

A Battle for the Progressive Soul The Republican National Convention


Roosevelt, Taft, and LaFollette

Woodrow Wilson Theodore Roosevelt William H. Taft Eugene Debs

Liberalism
Individualism Free Market Economy/Self-interestedness Expansionistic; American influence benefits all

Wilsons interventions
Mexico (The Tampico Affair) Haiti

Wilson, unbound
Europe

Skirmish between General Victoriano Huerta and American soldiers


American use of Mexican oil to ferry civilians Mexican soldiers killed contingent of American soldiers Wilson orders invasion of Veracruz; they stay for six months

Treaty of Vienna, 1815


Established European spheres of influence system

Major causes Imperialism


Austria-Hungary annexes Bosnia

Militarism
Responses to continental wars

Nationalism Alliances
Serbia granted

Archduke Franz Ferdinand


Heir to the throne Wealthiest man in Austria Supporter of greater independence for ethnic groups in Austria-Hungary

Gavrillo Princip
Yugoslav Nationalist in Serbia Member of the Union of Death (also, the Black Hand) Irregular group Rejected from war Joined conspiracy to prove his nationalism

Serbian leaders stand behind assassination Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia Germany supports Austria Russia mobilizes Germany declares war on Russia Germany and Ottomans sign treaty Great Britain declares war on Germany, after Germany invades Belgium Great Britain declares war on Germany

First Battle of the Marne (Sep. 1914)

Battle of the Somme (1916)

Set the stage for trench warfare

Battle of Verdun

Over a million casualties Ground taken: 6 miles for British 9 months They shall not pass

Machine Gun Poison gases


Chlorine gas Mustard gas

Airplane
Reconnaissance

First issue: unrestricted submarine warfare Sinking of the

Lusitania

A passenger ship carrying German war materiel (mostly for small arms) 139 American citizens Being too proud to fight

Wilsons peace motions stifled Hughes criticisms Close election Possible snub cost Hughes election in California

Germany would give Mexico the land taken from them in the Mexican-American War in return for their alliance Arthur Zimmerman: I cannot deny it. It is true

National Defense Act, 1916


Established the ROTC Expanded military

Selective Service Act, 1917


Established the draft Allowed Pres. to federalize state militias

In Flanders Fields, John McCrae

Take up our quarrel with the foe: To you from failing hands we throw The torch; be yours to hold it high. If ye break faith with us who die We shall not sleep, though poppies grow In Flanders fields.

Committee on Public Information


Edward Bernays head (known as the father of American advertising)

Socialists

Jeanette Rankin

International Workers of the World Single vote against World War I

The arrest of Eugene Debs

Urged draft-resistance Imprisoned for sedition http://americanrhetoric .com/speeches/eugene debspleatocourt1918.h tm

November 11th, 1918 Wilsons 14 points


League of Nations (Roosevelts terminology) Self-determination

Treaty of Versailles
Forced Germany to disarm Limited military Lost 13% of land Split up Ottoman Empire